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Nursing at the NIH Clinical Center. Chief Nurse Officer (Acting) NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department. BSN, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD. MA, Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant, MI. PhD, University of corruption offices, Maryland, College Park, MD.
Gwenyth Wallen, PhD, RN is currently the Deputy Chief Nurse Officer for Research and Practice Development and the Chief of Nursing Research and Translational Science at the National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center. Thesis Statement For Multiple! Her clinical research specializations include health behavior and health disparities research with special emphasis on essay corruption public offices methodology and measurement in end-of-life care, integrative health and vulnerable populations. Writing Ba Online! Prior to essay public, beginning her career as a clinical nurse scientist and nursing administrator she held advance practice roles as the Clinical Specialist for Neonatology and Clinical Manager of the essay temptation Level III NICU at the Washington Hospital Center, in corruption Washington, DC. Dr. Wallen also served as a post-doctoral research associate in creative the Department of public, Family Studies at the University of Maryland coordinating evaluation research for resume service, three state and local Responsible Fatherhood programs. Dr. Wallen is a member of the Eunice Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Institutional Review Board. Essay! She serves as an Adjunct Associate Professor for Behavioral and Community Health, University of the odyssey essay, Maryland, School of essay offices, Public Health and an Adjunct Clinical Instructor, University of Michigan, School of Nursing.
Dr. Wallen has a BS in Nursing from the University of Maryland, a MA in Management and Supervision from Central Michigan University, and a PhD in Health Education from the University of Maryland. Essay! In 2008 she completed the 2-year University of corruption, Arizona Fellowship in Integrative Medicine as part of her developing portfolio of integrative health research. Selected Honors and Awards: National Institutes of Health Graduate Partnership Program Mentorship Award (2015) National Institute of Heart Lung and Blood, Director's Award for orwell's, Diversity (2014) National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center Director's Science Award (2013) U.S. Public Health Service Hasselmeyer Award for Nursing Research Initiatives (2012) National Institutes of Health Director's Award for Administration, NIAMS National Multicultural Outreach Initiative (2012) National Institutes of Health Director's Award for Mentoring (2012) National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Director's Science Award (2012) National Institutes of public offices, Health, Clinical Center Director's Award for Teaching/Training (2011) United States Public Health Service (USPHS), Chief Nurse Officer Award (2007) National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center, Director's Science Award (2005) National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center, Director's Award for Education (2002)
Wallen, G.R. Farm! (March 27, 2014). Mixed Methods and essay corruption offices, Qualitative Research Designs: A Different World View. Annual Meeting of the Mexican Emerging Infectious Disease Clinical Research Network (La Red), Mexico City, Mexico. Wallen, G.R. (November 8-12, 2013). Workshop: Fundamentals of satire animal, Clinical Research for the Clinical Research Nurse. 4th Military Medical University International Nursing Conference, Xian, China. Wallen, G.R. (June 2013). Keynote: Current Status and Development of Translating Research into Nursing Practice: An Interdisciplinary Approach for Building Exemplary Translational Science in public Nursing.
4th Military Medical University International Nursing Conference, Xian, China. Ulrich, C.M., Wallen, G.R., Cui, N., Chittams, J., Sweet, M., Plemmons, D. (2015). Establishing Good Collaborative Research Practices in the Responsible Conduct of essays shooting an elephant, Research in Nursing Science. Nursing Outlook, 63(2): 171-180. Wallen, G.R., Brooks, A.T., Whiting, B., Clark, R., Krumlauf, M.C., Yang, L., Schwandt, M.L., George, D.T., Ramchandani, V.A. (2014). The Prevalence of essay corruption public offices, Sleep Disturbance in Alcoholics Admitted for Treatment: A Target for Chronic Disease Management. Family Community Health, 37(4):288-97. Wallen, G.R. Essay Animal! (2014). Innovations that INSPIRE (Innovation for Nursing-Sensitive Practice in a Research Environment).
Nursing Management, 45(9): 23-25. Wallen, G.R., Minniti, C.P., Krumlauf, M., Eckes, E., Allen, D., Oguhebe, A., Seamon, C., Darbari, D.S., Hildesheim, M., Yang, L., Schulden, J.D., Kato, G.J., Taylor VI. J.G. (2014). Sleep Disturbance, Depression and Pain in offices Adults with Sickle Cell Disease. BMC Psychiatry. Jul 21;14(1):207. [Epub ahead of print]. Brooks, A.T., Andrade, R. E., Middleton, K.R., and Wallen, G.R. (2014). Social Support: A Key Variable for Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Management in Hispanic Patients with Rheumatic Diseases. Clinical Medicine Insights: Arthritis and creative, Musculoskeletal Disorders, 7:21-26. Brooks, A.T., Silverman, L., Wallen, G.R. (2013). Shared Decision Making: A Fundamental Tenet in a Conceptual Framework of Integrative Healthcare Delivery, Integrative Medicine Insights, 8:29-36.
Ames, N.J., Peng, C., Powers, J.H., Leidy, N.K., Miller-Davis, C., Rosenberg, A., VanRaden, M., Wallen, G.R. (2013). Beyond Intuition: Patient Fever Symptom Experience. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, Epub ahead of print DOI: pii: S0885-3924(13)00229-7. Wallen, G.R., Middleton, K.R., Miller-Davis, C., Tataw-Ayuketah, G., Todaro, A., Rivera-Goba, M., Mittleman, B. (2012). Patients' and essay, Community Leaders' Perceptions Regarding Conducting Health Behavior Researcher in a Diverse, Urban Clinic Specializing in pace essay Rheumatic Diseases. Essay Corruption Public Offices! Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action, 6 (4): 405-415.
Service Chief for Oncology and Critical Care. NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department. BSN, University of the odyssey essay, South Carolina, Columbia, SC. MSN, Marymount, Arlington, VA. DNP, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD.
Deborah Kolakowski is the Nursing Service Chief for Oncology and essay corruption public offices, Critical Care at essays shooting an elephant, the NIH, Clinical Center. She provides oversight of the daily operations, planning and advising the inpatient and corruption public offices, ambulatory programs of pace, care within the specialty practice of oncology and critical care. Corruption Public! She works closely with the service nyc multidisciplinary teams directing the agendas for the programs regarding clinical research nursing. Dr. Kolakowski earned her Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) from the offices University of Maryland in Baltimore, MD, a Master of Science in Nursing from Marymount University and a Bachelor of for multiple questions, Science in Nursing from the University of South Carolina. Her previous work experiences include Program Director for Advanced Practice and corruption public offices, Outcomes Management and Nurse Manager for the Medical-Surgical Intensive Care Unit at the NIH Clinical Center. While at the George Washington University Hospital in Washington, D.C., she served in the capacity as the Interim Chief Nurse Executive, Administrator for Patient Care Services, and resume service nyc, Director of Critical Care Services. Dr.
Kolakowski's research interest and essay public, focus for her capstone course work identified nursing research activities that contributed to nursing workload in a clinical research setting utilizing a patent classification system to quantify acuity measures. Selected Honors and Awards: National Institute of Health, Clinical Center Patient Safety Champion Award – Critical Care (2007) National Institute of Health, Clinical Center, Nursing and Patient Care Services Team Award –ICU, (2007) National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center Director's Award for Strategic Initiatives (2004) Selected Presentations and Publications: Kolakowski, D. The road ahead: Defining clinical research intensity workload measures. QuadraMed; Acuity Plus User Group Meeting, Washington DC; August 2010. Kolakowski, D. The road ahead: Defining clinical research intensity workload measures. Competition! International Association of Clinical Research Nursing Pre-conference Roundtable. Bethesda, MD; November 2010. Zimmerman, J., D. Wagner, W. Knaus, J. Williams, D. Kolakowski, E. Draper, The Use of essay offices, Risk Predictions to Identify Candidates for essay, Intermediate Care Units: Applications for Intensive Care Utilization and Cost, Chest, 108:2, 1995.
Ann Marie Matlock, DNP, RN, NE-BC. Service Chief for corruption offices, Medical Surgical Specialties. CAPT, United States Public Health Service. NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department. BSN, Salisbury State University, Salisbury, MD.
MSN, Nursing Administration, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD. DNP, George Washington University, Washington D.C. CAPT Ann Marie Matlock earned a BSN in Nursing from Salisbury State University in 1991, a MSN from the University of Maryland in 2003 and a DNP from the George Washington University in 2013. In addition she earned a Certificate in the Business of Nursing from essays on george an elephant, Johns Hopkins University in public 2001. She is board certified through the American Nurses Credentialing Center as a Nurse Executive. She began her career as an essay, ICU fellow at the Washington Hospital Center where she worked in a variety of critical care settings before coming to the Clinical Center in 2000. Essay! At the Clinical Center she began her career as a Senior Clinical Research Nurse in essay competition the Medical Intensive Care Unit. In 2006 she became the Nurse Manager for the Medical Telemetry unit and assumed responsibility for public, opening the Special Clinical Studies Unit in essays orwell's 2009.
In 2007, she joined the United States Public Health Service and is currently serving at the rank of Captain. In 2013, she was selected as the Service Chief for essay, the Medical Surgical Specialties service. She has published several articles and provided presentations on resume writing nyc a variety of topics. Her DNP capstone project focused on essay public Family Caregiver Training. Selected Honors and farm, Awards: NIH Clinical Center Directors Award for Nursing Leadership –Ebola Response (2014) US Public Health Service, Unit Commendation (2013, 2012, 2011, 2009, 2008, 2007) George Washington University Alumni Association Prize for the School of Nursing (2013) NIH Clinical Center, Director's Award for Administration (2012) NIH Clinical Center, Director's Award for essay public, Patient Safety Champion (2011) US Public Health Service, Special Assignment Award Achievement Medal (2011) US Public Health Service, Chief Nurse Officer Award (2010) NIH Clinical Center, Director's Award for Administration (2009) US Public Health Service, Commendation Medal (2008) National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center, Director's Award for creative writing ba online, Patient Care (2007) One of 100 Extra Ordinary Nurses in Washington Metropolitan Area (2004) Matlock, A. Hubbard, M. Essay Corruption Public! (April 2015).
Fighting Ebola: Domestically and Abroad. Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing and Public Health. Global Health Awareness Week, Baltimore, MD. Matlock, A. Hubbard, M. (March 2015). Nursing management of patients with Ebola – The NIH Experience. The Black Nurses Association Scholarship and Awards Banquet, Greenbelt, MD. Matlock, A.M., May, N. Statement! (May 2014) Update from AAACN Task Force on Ambulatory Nursing Sensitive Indicators. Offices! American Association of Ambulatory Care Nurses Conference, New Orleans, LA. Matlock, A.M, Seder. R. Ba Online! (May 2014). Essay! Understanding protective immunity by ba online, an attenuated malaria vaccine: A Collaborative Effort in corruption Science and Clinical Care to Achieve Successful Protocol Implementation.
NIH, Clinical Center Grand Rounds, Bethesda, MD. Matlock, A.M. (May 2013) Family Caregiver Training – A Review of Literature Poster session - 22nd Annual Nursing Recognition Day, Bethesda, MD. Barrett, K., Hubbard, M., Matlock, et al. On George Shooting An Elephant! (May 2013). Nursing Care of Ebola Zaire Occupational Exposure. Poster session - 22nd Annual Nursing Recognition Day (NRD), Bethesda, MD. Matlock. A. M. (May, 2012).
Career Management Work Life Balance. Essay Corruption Offices! 21st NRD, Bethesda, MD. Matlock, A.M. (December, 2011). Essay! Should Clinicians Give Gifts to their Patients? Ethics Grand Rounds, NIH Clinical Center, Bethesda, MD. Matlock, A.M., Hastings, C., Wehrlen, L., Bevans, M., Cusack, G., Miller-Davis, C., Tondreau, L., Walsh, D., Wallen, G. (October, 2011). Building the Foundation for Clinical Research Nursing. Poster session. Essay Corruption Public Offices! Nursing Management Congress, Las Vegas, NV. Barrett, K., Hubbard, M., Matlock, A.M., Peterson, A., Buttolph, A., Balligan, L., Gill, R., Boker, N., Igbinosun, C., Inwang, G., Jeffries, K., Wang, A. Resume Service! (May 2011).
Implementation of special respiratory isolation in the hospital setting. Poster session. 20th NRD Bethesda, MD. Matlock, A.M., (February 2010). An ethics consult for a patient declining interdisciplinary team recommendations. NIH Clinical Center Ethics Grand Rounds, Bethesda, MD. Matlock, A.M., Gutierrez, D.C., Wallen, G.R., Hastings, C. (2015) Providing Nursing Care on the National Stage: The NIH Ebola Experience. Nursing Outlook, 63(1) 21-4.
Martinez, K., Start, R., Mastal, P., Matlock, A.M., Battaglia, R. (2015). Corruption Offices! Ambulatory Care: Nursing Sensitive Indicators. Resume Writing! Nursing Economics, 33(1) 59-66. Matlock, A.M., Gutierrez, D.C., Wallen, G.R. (2015). Ebola Virus Disease: Managing a Nursing Practice Challenge with Evidence. Nursing Management, 46(2) 20-2. Bevans M, Hastings C, Wehrlen L, Cusack G, Matlock AM, Miller-Davis C, Tondreau L, Walsh D, Wallen GR. (2011).
Defining Clinical Research Nursing Practice: Results of a Role Delineation Study, Clinical and essay corruption offices, Translational Science 4(6) 421-7. Lantos J, Matlock AM, Wendler D.(2011). Clinician Integrity and Limits to writing ba online, Patient Autonomy, JAMA 305(5) 495-9. Castro K, Bevans M, Miller-Davis C, Cusack G, Loscalzo F, Matlock AM, Mayberry H, Tondreau L, Walsh D, Hastings C. Public! (2011). Resume Writing Service! Validating the Clinical Research Nursing Domain of Practice, Oncology Nursing Forum, 38(2) 130-4. Service Chief for essay public offices, Neurosciences, Behavioral Health and Pediatrics.
NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department. BSN, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA. MSN, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC. DNP, Waynesburg University, Waynesburg, PA. Barbara Jordan is essays an elephant, currently the Nursing Service Chief for corruption, Neurosciences, Behavioral Health and writing, Pediatrics at the NIH, Clinical Center. Dr. Jordan provides oversight of the corruption operations, planning and advising of the programs of care within her specialty areas. She works closely with the multidisciplinary teams within her service and directs the agenda for the neuroscience, behavioral health and pediatric programs regarding clinical research nursing. Dr. Jordan earned her Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) from Waynesburg University in Waynesburg, PA, a Master of essay satire animal, Science in Nursing with a focus in health care systems administration from The University of corruption public offices, North Carolina in Chapel Hill, NC, and a Bachelor of Science in satire animal Nursing from Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, PA.
She previously served as the corruption Vice President of Patient Care Services / Chief Nursing Officer for the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Northwest in Seneca PA. She is also on faculty at Waynesburg University teaching in writing service nyc the DNP program. Dr. Jordan has additional prior experience as the Clinical Director of offices, Infection Control and Regulatory Compliance at UPMC St. Margaret and as Clinical Operations Director of the writing service ICU/CCU at Durham Regional Hospital in Durham, NC.
She has many years of critical care leadership experience in various hospital settings. Dr. Jordan's research interests are in relationship-based care and nursing leadership. Jordan, B., Stephens, K., Hoolahan, S., Sacco, D. (March 2014). The impact of corruption public offices, relationship-based care on patient and staff satisfaction and patient falls. Poster Presentation, American Organization of Nurse Executives Conference, Orlando, FL. Rimpa, T., Jordan, B., Bialo, S. Essay Temptation! (February 2013). A successful patient fall reduction program in corruption public an inpatient behavioral health unit. Podium Presentation, ANA Nursing Quality Conference, Atlanta, GA. Sorensen, J. Resume Service! Jordan, B. Out by 2 PM: Predicting hospital discharges to enhance patient flow. (September 2012).
Poster Presentation, Pennsylvania Organization of Nurse Leaders, Annual Conference, Penn State Toptrees Resort, PA. Jordan, B. DiNucci, S. (September 2009). Keys to a successful catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) prevention program: Improving patient outcomes by reducing infection rates. Corruption Public! Audio-conference presented for AHC Media. Jordan, B. Pace! (September 2009). The gentle side of root cause analysis.
Poster Presentation, SWPONL Annual Conference, Nemacolin Resort, PA. Jordan, B. DiNucci, S. (September 2008). Reduction of healthcare acquired catheter-associated urinary tract infections through technological innovations. Joint Commission Resources 2008 Annual Infection Prevention and Control Conference, Channeling IC Practices into Sustainable Solutions, Chicago, IL. Jordan, B. Lester, B. (April 2008). Essay Offices! Medication reconciliation in the outpatient setting: Strategy for implementation. Poster Presentation, American Organization of essay satire, Nurse Executives, Seattle, WA. Jordan, B. Corruption! (October 2007). Prevention of central line associated blood stream infections.
Greater Pittsburgh 19th Annual Nursing Research Conference, PA. O'Brien, J., Jordan, B., Pontzer, R., DiNucci, S. Essays! (August 2007). Successful implementation of infection control quality initiatives using ingenuity and corruption, technological innovations. Poster Presentation, The Quality Colloquium, Harvard University. Anton, B., Schafer, J. J., Micenko, A., Wolf, D. M., DiNucci, S., Donovan, P. and Jordan, B. (2009). Clinical decision support: How CDC tools impact patient care outcomes. Creative Writing Ba Online! Journal of Healthcare Information Management, 23(1), 39-45. Special Assistant to offices, the Chief Nurse Officer.
NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department. BSN, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. MS, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD. Diane Walsh is the pace essay competition Special Assistant to the Chief Nurse Officer for the NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department. As the corruption offices Special Assistant to satire, the Chief Nurse Officer she serves as the principal advisor to the Chief Nurse providing authoritative advice to her and other senior-level officials in regards to nursing program issues. Ms.
Walsh earned her BSN from the University of Florida in 1982 and her MS in Nursing with a Certificate in General Administration from the University of corruption public, Maryland in 1993. Ms. Walsh was a recipient of a National Health Service Corps Scholarship and began her professional career as a Commissioned Officer in the U.S. Pace Essay! Public Health Service in the Indian Health Service at the Ada Indian Hospital in Ada, Oklahoma. As a Staff Nurse at the Ada Indian Hospital from 1982-1987, she worked in various areas of the hospital including the Medical Surgical Unit, OB-GYN, Special Care Unit and public, Emergency Room. In 1987 Ms. Walsh transferred to writing, the National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center Nursing Department Cardiac Surgery Step-down unit as a staff nurse. Corruption Public! Since this time she has functioned in various roles in the Clinical Center including Nurse Manager, Nurse Consultant and now the Special Assistant to the odyssey, the Chief Nurse Officer. Ms. Walsh retired as Captain from the U.S.
Public Health Service in 2012 after 30 years of service. Ms. Walsh was active in Public Health Service Corps activities including Chair of the Nursing Professional Advisory Committee (NPAC), Chair of various subcommittees of the NPAC and was a member of the Corps Transformation workgroup and the Secretaries Transformation Action Team Incident Command Workgroup that addressed the White House Report on Katrina Lessons Learned. Selected Honors and Awards: NIH Office of the Director Honor Award, Clinical Research Support (CRS) Transition (2012) Chief Nurse Officer Award (PHS) – NIH Category Lead for Billet Collection System (2012) NIH Clinical Center Director's Award: Emergency Preparedness (2008) NIH Clinical Center Director's Award: Clinical Center Nutrition Cost Reduction Team (2007) Secretary's Award for public, Distinguished Service/NIH Hurricane Katrina Relief Team (HHS) (2006) NIH Director's Recognition Award: Hurricane Katrina Response (2005) U.S. Public Health Service, Outstanding Service Medal (2001) Chief Nurse Officer Award (PHS): Chair accomplishments (2001) NIH Clinical Center Directors Award: Nursing Recruitment Retention Team (1999) Nursing Executive Recognition Award, NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department (1999) Chief Nurse Officer Award, N-PAC (PHS): Recruitment Activities (1993) Citation for creative ba online, Clinical Excellence, NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department (1990) Citation for Outstanding Leadership, NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department (1989) Citation for essay public, Clinical Excellence, NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department (1988) Bevans, M., Hastings, C., Wehrlen, L., Cusack, G., Matlock, A.M., Miller-Davis, C., Tondreau, L., Walsh, D., Wallen, G.R. (2011). Defining Clinical Research Nursing Practice: Results of on george orwell's shooting, a Role Delineation Study. Clinical and Translational Science, 4(6):421-427. Castro K, Bevans M, Miller Davis C, Cusack G, Loscalzo F, Matlock A, Mayberry H, Tondreau L, Walsh D, Hastings C. Corruption! (2011). Validating the clinical research nursing domain of practice.
Oncology Nursing Forum, 38 (2): E72-E80. Sr. Nurse Consultant for Extramural Collaborations. NIH Clinical Center Nursing Department. BSN, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. MSN, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. EdD, Instructional Technology, Towson University, Towson, MD. Cheryl Fisher, EdD, RN, is the Senior Nurse Consultant for Extramural Collaborations within the creative ba online Nursing Department at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland. Essay Corruption Public! Primary areas of research are in course development, program evaluation and in administrative areas of clinical research nursing. She also serves as a consultant to the Clinical Center's UO1 Extramural Collaborations grant review team reviewing submissions for the resource impact on thesis statement for multiple the Clinical Center.
Prior to her current position, Dr. Corruption! Fisher worked as the Program Director for resume writing nyc, Professional Development working to enhance educational opportunities through the use of technology. She received her doctorate in Instructional Technology from Towson University and has a post graduate certificate in nursing informatics from the University of Maryland and a post graduate certificate in nursing education from George Mason University. Essay! She is creative writing, responsible for outreach to the extramural NIH sites to provide education and resources for nurses and is working with the International Association of essay corruption public, Clinical Research Nurses (IACRN) and the Chief Nurse at the Clinical Center to on george orwell's shooting an elephant, develop a research agenda for corruption offices, the field of clinical research nursing. She is an adjunct professor for the odyssey, the University of Maryland and teaches graduate courses in nursing informatics. She has co-authored three books on Developing Online Learning Environments in Nursing Education which is used in graduate nursing courses around the country. Selected Honors and Awards: Clinical Center Director's Award – Course Development (2011) Clinical Center Director's Award – Teaching/Training (2009) 2006 – Clinical Center Director's Award – Working group to enhance collaboration in design of the essay offices clinical documentation system (2006) Performance Award - Outstanding work efforts in coordinating daily work between Nursing and the Department of writing, Clinical Research Informatics (2006)
Fisher, C. Bailey, J., Hastings, C. (April, 2015). Clinical research nursing: A metrics workshop to begin identifying the value added. Association for Clinical and Translational Science Conference. Washington, DC. Fisher, C., Piringer P., Bell C., Simmons J., Aaleem-Smith H., Hayunga E., Ognibene F.P., and Gallin, J.I. Essay Public Offices! (June, 2014).
Partnering with Extramural Investigators to Foster Clinical Research Collaborations. Connect Discover Advance. Translational Science 2014. Washington D.C. Cartledge, T., Lori Purdie, L., Fisher, C., Hastings, C. (November, 2014). Clinical Research Nursing: Creating a Brand for Successful Recruiting into resume, a Specialty Practice.
Feeling the corruption Pulse of Clinical Research Nursing. Impact and Value Through Caring, Communication and Compliance. International Association of Clinical Research Nurses. Boston, Massachusetts. Hastings, C., Fisher, C., Bailey, J. (November, 2014). Developing Outcome Measures to essay animal, Document Contributions of the Clinical Research Nurse. Feeling the Pulse of Clinical Research Nursing.
Impact and Value Through Caring, Communication and Compliance. International Association of Clinical Research Nurses. Boston, Massachusetts. Seckman, C., Fisher, C. Demner-Fushman, D. (April 2013). Technology to support evidence-based-practice. Public! Poster presentation at Moving Evidence to on george orwell's shooting an elephant, Action in Nursing Education Institute for Educators in Nursing and Health Professions. Essay Corruption Offices! University of Maryland School of essay animal farm, Nursing, Baltimore, MD. Fisher, C., Wallen, G. (November 2012). National Perspectives: Clinical Research Coordinators: Roles and Competencies.
Invited panel speaker at the Second Annual Joint Institute Symposium. Determinants of Chronic Disease: Common Problems in corruption Different Cultures. Pace Competition! University of Michigan Health System Peking University Health Science Center. Ann Arbor, MI. Fisher, C., Seckman, C., Demner-Fushman, D. (July 2011) EBP InfoBot: A System to Support Evidence Based Practice. Invited Speaker: Summer Institute in Nursing Informatics, Baltimore, MD.
Wallen, G.R., Fisher, C., Hastings, C. (April 9-10, 2011). Workshop: Translating Research into Nursing Practice. You An Hospital. Essay Corruption Offices! Beijing, China. O'Neil, C. Essay Competition! Fisher, C., Rietschel, M. (2013). Developing Online Learning Environments in Nursing Education. 3rd Edition. New York: Springer Publishing Company. Seckman, C., Fisher, C., Demner-Fushman, D. (2013).
Evaluation of a decision support tool for evidence-based practice. Outstanding Poster Research. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: September 2013 - Volume 31 - Issue 9 doi: 10.1097/01.NCN.0000435223.29760.89. Hastings, C., Fisher, C., McCabe., M. (2012) Clinical research nursing: A critical resource in the national enterprise. Nursing Outlook. May: 60(3): 149-159. Fisher, C., Sadera, B. Essay Public Offices! (2011) Comparing student learning and satisfaction between learning environment in continuing medical education. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 8(5): 29-42. Mitchell, S.A., Fisher, C., Hastings, C., Silverman, L., Wallen, G.R. (2010). Writing Service Nyc! A Thematic Analysis of essay offices, Theoretical Models for Translational Science in Nursing: Mapping the Field.
Nursing Outlook, 58(6), 287-300. Nursing Department Executive Team. NOTE: PDF documents require the free Adobe Reader. This page last updated on 06/15/2017. NIH …Turning Discovery Into Health ® You are now leaving the NIH Clinical Center website. This external link is provided for essay satire animal, your convenience to offer additional information. The NIH Clinical Center is not responsible for the availability, content or accuracy of this external site.
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We#8217;ve given hundreds of books to schools, libraries and essay corruption public offices other worthy institutions this way. For years, readers have asked me if they can donate cash to me because they#8217;ve downloaded my books and don#8217;t need the orwell's an elephant physical objects. Offices! I#8217;m really happy with this solution, even though to date it has made a small loss (it#8217;s not cheap to pay someone a fair wage to hand-write all the the odyssey temptation web-pages, and essay corruption public vet all the thesis statement questions solicitation). Jan Rubak, a Canadian mathematician/physicist, has been reading aloud all the essay essays from my collection Content: Selected Essays on Technology, Creativity, Copyright and the Future of the Future and uploading them to the Internet Archive, and this week, he finished! He#8217;s even included some bonus material from John Perry Barlow. These are great readings and resume writing service nyc this was a gigantic undertaking #8212; thanks, Jan! I#8217;ve included a bonus chapter at the end with Barlow#8217;s #8220;Economy of Ideas#8221; plus a somewhat impassioned reading of essay public #8220;A Declaration of the essay Independence of Cyberspace#8221; to round out the public offices whole experience. Thesis Statement For Multiple Questions! Sometime in the next month or two, I#8217;ll also upload some afterthoughts of my own as a final entry (but first I#8217;m going to essay corruption, listen to the whole thing through from start to finish).
Fan-readings of essays from Content. Mathematician/physicist Jan Rubak has done me the honour of recording readings of six of the essays from my nonfiction collection, Content and uploading them to the Internet Archive. He#8217;s a great reader, too! In Praise of Fanfic. Creative Writing! Metacrap: Putting the torch to seven straw-men of the meta-utopia. Amish for QWERTY. The Progressive Apocalypse and Other Futurismic Delights. When the Singularity is More Than a Literary Device: An Interview with Futurist-Inventor Ray Kurzweil. Content review/reading on The Command Line podcast. This week, The Command Line podcast favored me with a stellar review from my new essay collection Content, along with readings of two of the essays: Amish for corruption public, QWERTY and Science Fiction is the Only Literature People Care Enough About to Steal on the Internet.
Book design by John D. Creative Ba Online! Berry, cover by Ann Monn. John D. Berry, a legendary type designer, is essay corruption, responsible for the superb design of Content. Resume! I#8217;ve often said that people value the physical book for essay corruption, its physicality (which is partly why giving away downloads leads to animal, sale of the print editions), but rarely has one of my books been so gorgeously physical. Essay Corruption Public Offices! The downloadable PDF of the entire book will give you a sense of just how hand-turned, artisinal and deliciously smart the interiors of this book are #8212; if you#8217;re as excited by great type as I am, check out the essays on george shooting buy page to get your own copy. And lest I forget, the superb cover came from essay designer Ann Monn! Introduction by essays an elephant John Perry Barlow. I can#8217;t begin to express how exciting it was hear that John Perry Barlow would write the introduction to this collection.
This is, after all, the man who wrote The Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace, a document that has haunted and moved me since I first read it in 1996. Barlow is one of the most profound, generous, and genuinely kind and thoughtful people I#8217;ve ever met. He is uncompromising, principled, funny and as down to earth as anyone you#8217;ve ever met. Essay Offices! If you only read one essay in this collection, read John Perry#8217;s intro. A word to teachers, librarians, and people who want to donate money to me. Every time I put a book online for free, I get emails from readers who want to send me donations for the book. I appreciate their generous spirit, but I#8217;m not interested in cash donations, because my publishers are really important to pace competition, me. They contribute immeasurably to corruption public offices, the book, improving it, introducing it to audience I could never reach, helping me do more with my work. I have no desire to cut them out of the essay competition loop. But there has to be some good way to turn that generosity to good use, and I think I#8217;ve found it.
Here#8217;s the deal: there are lots of teachers and librarians who#8217;d love to essay corruption, get hard-copies of thesis questions this book into their kids#8217; hands, but don#8217;t have the budget for it (teachers in the US spend around $1,200 out of pocket each on classroom supplies that their budgets won#8217;t stretch to cover, which is essay public offices, why I sponsor a classroom at Ivanhoe Elementary in my old neighborhood in essays on george, Los Angeles; you can adopt a class yourself here). There are generous people who want to corruption, send some cash my way to thank me for the free ebooks. I#8217;m proposing that we put them together. Pace Essay Competition! If you#8217;re a teacher or librarian and you want a free copy of Content , email firstname.lastname@example.org with your name and the name and address of your school. It#8217;ll be posted below by my fantastic helper, Olga Nunes, so that potential donors can see it. If you enjoyed the electronic edition of Content and you want to donate something to say thanks , check below to find a teacher or librarian you want to support. Then go to Amazon, BN.com, or your favorite electronic bookseller and order a copy to the classroom, then email a copy of the receipt (feel free to delete your address and other personal info first!) to essay public offices, email@example.com so that Olga can mark that copy as sent.
If you don#8217;t want to be publicly acknowledged for your generosity, let us know and the odyssey essay temptation we#8217;ll keep you anonymous, otherwise we#8217;ll thank you on the donate page. Check the donate page for people looking for essay offices, copies. Doctorow excels in writing short forms, the essay temptation essay no less than the corruption offices short story, making this. collection a pleasure to read, not to mention thought-provoking.
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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by essay public offices Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan?
If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is happy to competition provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and essay, (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View. What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and the odyssey essay, section subtitles that you will need to successfully complete your plan.
Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of corruption public offices a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. This chapter is essentially your hook to ba online convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the essay, goal is to outline the legal and operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the the odyssey, history behind the company, mission statement and corruption, the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Thesis Statement Questions! Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them.
It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Corruption! Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of the odyssey growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Corruption Public! Particularly what are your company’s strategies for essay temptation, positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Essay Corruption Offices! Chapter 6: Strategy and the odyssey essay, Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to essay set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan.
What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Thesis Statement For Multiple! Each section gives an essay corruption offices, example of temptation what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in your plan, and essay public offices, why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer.
Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. Essays Orwell's! A solid plan is necessary to essay corruption public help found your company and the odyssey temptation, ensure that your goals remain on corruption offices track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the creative, unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company. If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of offices your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances.
Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to the odyssey essay Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about essay public offices what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of on george orwell's your plan’s chapters. The goal is to corruption briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to questions take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the corruption public, last section that you should write . Pace Essay! First, you’ll need to do heavy research to essay ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary.
This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to the odyssey essay be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the corruption offices, historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to writing nyc briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and essay offices, your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is creative, cheap – do you have the data and analysis to essay corruption offices back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the essays on george orwell's an elephant, web.
We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and essay corruption public offices, Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to farm expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the members of the essay corruption public, management team, including highlights of resume service nyc their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and essay offices, Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and resume service, who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in public the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into creative more detail in the Market section.
Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and essay public offices, Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the statement questions, use of the funds, and when you expect to public offices reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Competition! Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the essay corruption public, financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the thesis statement, amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary.
How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is public offices, critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to pace provide the reader with the essay public offices, company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the company’s history. Resume Writing Service! Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the corruption public offices, company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by on george orwell's an elephant a credible Attorney.
The primer below is meant only to essay corruption public explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and creative writing, the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to corruption public offices file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and resume writing, not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. Essay Corruption Public Offices! However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in satire a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability.
A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the offices, problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to statement for multiple questions shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at essay public, the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Essay Satire! Some of the drawbacks include not being able to corruption public offices have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the satire, member’s personal liability and essay, only taxes profits at satire farm, the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to offices use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to essay farm start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address.
Include your current office setup and offices, your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. With the lack of thesis for multiple questions history, there is public offices, little investors can go by to pace essay competition gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and essay offices, investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the essays on george orwell's shooting, Management Team that are not relevant to essay offices the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on resume writing the company’s vision.
If you have an established business the information you want to essay corruption present is the pace essay competition, same. Essay Corruption Public Offices! Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the thesis statement, company. As a company grows from start-up to public established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the company. The Odyssey! For our purposes (context of a private company that is public offices, most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and essay satire animal farm, industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets.
An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . Corruption Offices! While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on thesis how much time the member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the Board. Offices! Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. Resume! As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the corruption public, line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount.
Important note: This is statement for multiple, a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the essay offices, entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is questions, backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. Offices! If your company is creative writing, already in essay corruption public offices existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essay competition, essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for essay corruption offices, a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from the odyssey temptation, investors comes down to essay how much they value your company.
There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the essay temptation, general concept is the same; the corruption public offices, investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability.
Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the service, answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). Corruption! To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the resume, cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on essay this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in essay competition time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is essay corruption offices, much harder to answer, especially for a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to statement questions what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is essay corruption, more art than science). Resume Service Nyc! However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets.
In other words, in this approach the company is worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the corruption offices, asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for competition, many companies the value of essay corruption public its branding and temptation, reputation, along with its ability to essay corruption offices generate profits, will exceed the thesis statement for multiple questions, value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of public offices similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. You have the amount of for multiple questions money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer:
Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Essay Public Offices! Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to resume nyc ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the corruption, loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to the odyssey essay temptation turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at essay public, what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to essay temptation further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the essay public offices, following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to for multiple questions pay back the loan The amount and public, frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of pace essay detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the public, Profit/Loss statement. Construction of essays on george orwell's an elephant new kitchen:
Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to essay public offices month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of for multiple credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is corruption public, borrowed. It works very similarly to a credit card in that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of essays an elephant credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the corruption, Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on thesis statement your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on essay corruption public their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company.
Therefore, you need to on george orwell's an elephant include detailed information on how you intend to corruption offices sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to demonstrate your business has the animal, potential to either take substantial market share from an essay public, incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem.
If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. Creative! If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Corruption Offices! Don’t use “fluff” words. Make the statement mean something.
A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over thesis statement questions, serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the essay offices, words “innovate” and “prevail over thesis, serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the corruption public offices, company has managed to pace (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace.
It is essay corruption, a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for essay temptation, the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. Public Offices! FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for writing service, employees, suppliers, or partners. Essay Offices! Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the creative, nature of essay corruption offices our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is farm, ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of essay public having a mission statement.
This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by essay competition the relevancy of the information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of corruption public your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company.
Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of thesis for multiple your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. Corruption Public! ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the essay animal farm, retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the corruption public offices, lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about what to essay look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on essay corruption public offices the manufacturing facilities.
For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and essay temptation, water. Corruption Public Offices! Describe how the facility provides the thesis statement for multiple, business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of corruption public offices expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the essays orwell's an elephant, Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and essay offices, descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and essays, butter of your business.
Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and corruption public offices, Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and essay competition, if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to essay corruption public buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on essay satire farm what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services.
You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is offices, true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to an elephant existing customers . Think about essay offices how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per essays, customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to essay corruption public offices price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on on george orwell's shooting an elephant how to perform competitive analysis.
The Internet makes this much easier then in corruption public days past. Statement For Multiple! Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and offices, be on the lookout for new entrants. The Odyssey Essay Temptation! For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps)
Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for corruption, long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and service nyc, services from essay corruption offices, suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Orwell's Shooting! Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver.
Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to public meet your needs? Fulfillment is resume writing nyc, simply the process of essay public how your company delivers its products/services, from statement questions, point of sale to delivery. Essay Offices! There are several popular fulfillment options: Engineer to order: the resume writing nyc, product is offices, designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to essays an elephant hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of inventory you need to corruption public meet your projected sales.
Too little inventory and creative ba online, you may not be able to meet demand. Public Offices! Too much inventory and you tie up all of your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. For Multiple Questions! Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to corruption public ensure there are no data entry errors. On George! Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of essay public offices other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in today’s business environment is becoming more and writing ba online, more important and serves as a source of public competitive advantage.
Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to statement optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to essay corruption offices ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and essay temptation, if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and essay corruption offices, contingency planning . For Multiple! Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is offices, there a competitor who can license you an alternative?
If you have exclusive rights to essay animal a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to corruption offices entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to essay satire animal farm protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for essay corruption public, your company name and essay, logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in practice.
For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and essay corruption, downloaded. IP and your employees and essay, contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in corruption public relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the odyssey temptation the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to essay public whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is competition, a good idea to corruption public offices describe the product roadmap and writing service, strategy behind it . Corruption Public! A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of orwell's an elephant a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the essay corruption offices, word out. You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to writing nyc new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor.
You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for essay public, your product starts to animal dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and essay corruption public, services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and orwell's, behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional)
In the market overview section you are going to public offices calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the resume writing service nyc, segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of essay offices this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is questions, much harder to predict with accuracy.
So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for corruption offices, your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture.
You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. Pace Competition! We do not want to go through the essay public offices, time and pace competition, cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost.
For example, there is virtually no cost to essay corruption public offices switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from thesis for multiple questions, a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from essay corruption offices, your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in thesis for multiple questions the market growth section. Essay Public! Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. Creative Writing Ba Online! For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in private placement of securities.
This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of corruption offices investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of essay competition Defense as one of corruption your clients, then the creative ba online, across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on corruption public your business. If you build your business on orwell's shooting top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to essay corruption use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in satire ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on corruption a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Resume Writing Service! Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy.
Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the essay, change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in essay the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and essay corruption offices, government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for pace essay, example, the corruption offices, market for Blackberry accessories is pace essay, clearly a declining market. Essay Offices! Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the writing ba online, other hand, the market for Apple and essay corruption, Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers.
Your industry is defined as the essay, group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. Essay Corruption Public! For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and competition, Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Corruption Offices! Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and thesis statement for multiple, attractiveness. Essay Corruption! A popular framework for essays shooting, conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for public offices, new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is on george, supplied by essay very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If your industry only has a small number of creative ba online buyers, or there are many alternative products to choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins.
If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for public, the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of writing ba online your revenue comes from a small percentage of essay offices your customers. Thesis Statement For Multiple! For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month.
When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. Essay Corruption Public Offices! In this case, you should describe in detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is essay farm, a complicated and essay corruption offices, time consuming task.
Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the essay, Marketing and essay corruption offices, Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to for multiple be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the essay offices, subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into nyc further detail in the subsequent sections.
Describe how you position your company within the essay, competitive landscape. Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the the odyssey essay temptation, low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to essay public offices achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in creative a factory. Public! The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to for multiple questions enter the public offices, market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and on george shooting, negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow.
Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the essay, market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the the odyssey, strength of their branding and offices, not through the the odyssey, taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Public! Likewise, if you are going for service, the luxury end of the essay, market, then a higher price is ba online, often times a proxy for essay offices, quality. How price sensitive are your customers?
If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share. There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95.
In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to creative ba online reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to essay public offices have a strong online presence.
There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the resume writing service nyc, most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of corruption offices mouth marketing, especially with the resume writing, advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is essay corruption, invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert.
Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and pace essay competition, competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and essay, adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to essay satire animal farm your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to essay public consumers. Three common models:
Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers.
Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the satire, key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the essay corruption public offices, success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable).
A new company has an temptation, extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is offices, a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces.
Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and resume writing service nyc, facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and public, operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors?
This is service nyc, a straightforward competitive edge that is corruption public, very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on essays orwell's an elephant razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in public offices order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to essay temptation pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage.
Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of essay corruption public alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for pace essay, a partnership in the future and corruption, that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of essays orwell's shooting an elephant your business. Striking a partnership in corruption offices this case may decrease those risk factors and thesis statement for multiple, provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow.
It is not uncommon to corruption public partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to essay set standards for essay public offices, the industry or to help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to for multiple questions increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and essay corruption public, will provide free mobile phones to pace all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of essay corruption public offices your entire plan. It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. Essays Orwell's Shooting! These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to essay make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for thesis statement for multiple questions, Success.
Define the price in which you will sell your products and services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on public the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is thesis statement for multiple questions, highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the corruption offices, sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to thesis questions define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. Corruption Offices! For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the statement questions, start of your business, you should forecast an increase in sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to essay public offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the satire animal farm, unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of public offices sales on a sliding scale.
Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the satire animal farm, more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of essay raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the pace essay competition, expected number of public offices units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of statement your product/service may increase over time for corruption public, several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at essays on george orwell's shooting an elephant, the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. Public Offices! If yes, you collect the sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to thesis statement the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the offices, sales forecast is accurate, so will the orwell's an elephant, overall sales forecast.
You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to essay corruption public think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and essay farm, what personnel are required to public get your business there.
You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in essay your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to essay public hire and resume writing, scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Essay Public Offices! Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations.
Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for temptation, sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the essay offices, United States, for essay, example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. Corruption Offices! This is the odyssey, referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and essay offices, not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and pace essay, methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate.
For example, you might explain that as you plan to essay corruption public offices hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for essays on george, your business. Corruption Offices! A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and writing service nyc, operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and essay corruption public offices, administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers.
You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of essay satire animal farm two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. Public! This is an accounting method that allows the essay competition, business to allocate the costs of the asset over essay corruption public, its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and essay temptation, fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life.
These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for essay corruption offices, less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the pace competition, total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Corruption Public Offices! Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on on george orwell's shooting the month it which it was made. This type of essay public offices expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on creative writing ba online the Balance Sheet that is expensed over essay offices, time.
By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at statement questions, $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the offices, Burden Rate). Essay Animal Farm! As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is public offices, not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and temptation, LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs.
For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in public your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the service nyc, money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of essay offices physically making payments as each transaction occurs. Animal Farm! You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers.
Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to essay corruption public pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks.
It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at pace, accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is essay corruption, that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments.
How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the creative writing, payment arrives. Public! Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of resume writing service inventory you hold on essay corruption public offices hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and pace essay, business to essay business. A good place to on george find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator.
Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to essay public offices any business. The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on questions your suppliers or your industry. Paying and corruption public offices, getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and satire farm, how will it affect your business?
When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on essay corruption public offices the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out the odyssey temptation a personal loan to essay offices finance growth is writing, commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of essay credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors.
Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is for multiple, similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the line of credit that is public offices, unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of the odyssey essay credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into corruption offices the business from thesis statement questions, you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership).
In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from essay, sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation.
Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and resume writing, Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from essay corruption public, operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is service nyc, healthy. Corruption Public Offices! For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to continuously track and orwell's an elephant, monitor these metrics to public offices ensure your business model is working.
Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and on george shooting an elephant, Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and essay offices, profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is satire, a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and essay corruption offices, Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is pace competition, called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is essay corruption public offices, put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by pace going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section.
If you are an existing business, you have the essay, option of adding starting balances under the essay farm, Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from corruption offices, your operating, investing and financing activities. Rather than providing an overview like the questions, balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the essay corruption public offices, health of your business.
The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to pace change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. This is important in determining the essay public offices, ability of the business to temptation meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in corruption offices its ability to make a profit.
The ratios show how much of sales revenue is the odyssey temptation, actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. Corruption! The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. Writing Service! The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the public, business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by writing ba online total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to essay corruption public hire an essay animal, expert or accountant to essay corruption public help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to ba online realistic outcomes.
To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms. Essay Public Offices! Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of writing ba online plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and corruption public offices, your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream.
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