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article upload sites Editor#8217;s Note: This article was originally published by Web Marketing Today. Practical Ecommerce acquired Web Marketing Today in 2012. In 2016, we merged the two sites, leaving Practical Ecommerce as the successor. If you#8217;re trying to questions, publish a regular email newsletter for sonnets your customers, I have good news. There#8217;s a wealth of content out there that you can use for free — poor, average, good, and occasionally excellent. Why is this content offered free of charge? Two reasons: Article directories can earn revenue from Google ads placed on boston, their site as part of the Google AdSense program ( This has stimulated the growth of thousands of look-alike article sites that receive very little traffic. Others are niche sites that carry articles in particular vertical categories; Websites can be promoted effectively through articles . Ways To Finish? A link to the author#8217;s website contained in each free article serves to: (a) bring targeted traffic through a well-designed, intriguing #8220;signature#8221; or author bio at the bottom of the article and (b) raise Google PageRank by creating more incoming links to a website.

These links point to mba essay, the author#8217;s website from the sonnets critical essay, article#8217;s presence both on the article sites and on the websites that use the free articles. If you#8217;re a marketer, I can hear your brain beginning to boston university mba essay questions 2011, compute wildly: 1000 article sites X 1 link to my site X 15 articles submitted = 15,000 links to my site. Moreover, article submission tools make article spamming extremely easy. Hold on, it#8217;s not that simple. Submitting your article to hundreds or thousands of article sites can actually hurt you, since Google spiders are finely tuned to spot spam in its many flavors. You#8217;re much better off to submit your article to five of your favorite article sites and a couple of niche sites, and resist the temptation to blast your article to every pathetic article site on the planet.

To help you see which sites you might consider submitting to, I#8217;ve listed below the top 25 article directory sites by their Google PageRank (10 being high) and Alexa traffic rank (1 being high). Tips For Writing A Cover Letter? A disclaimer: The Alexa rankings are flawed and seem volatile, but give a relative measure of traffic to a site. Google PageRank (PR) is university notoriously inaccurate, but can be seen as an indicator of Google#8217;s relative trust in a site #8212; sort of. Sonnets Critical Essay? The list is not exhaustive and includes both general article directories and some popular niche directories with an Alexa rank of boston university mba essay 2011, under 50,000. Sites are listed in ascending Alexa rank order, with the shakespeare sonnets essay, PR 6+ sites boldfaced for your convenience. All New: The Web Marketing Checklist 2013. The Web Marketing Checklist 2013. Get The Web Marketing Checklist 2013 — all new and revised for 2013 — in questions, an instant PDF download when you subscribe to our free email newsletter.

I have written for for writing a cover letter a few of these sites myself. I really like iSnare as they can help blast your selected article to other article directories and sites. The owners of the site will be presented with your article, which they can either decide to re-publish on their site, or decline to do so. Agreed with Shawn !! But this post if really great.. Here I found another high domain authority business directory site which will help you to increase website search prefrencess. Questions? I agree with both of you. the list is comprehensive at the same time all sites are good one. Let me add one more to shakespeare essay, here, which i just discovered and found pretty good frankly: I agree with both of you. the boston mba essay questions, list is comprehensive at the same time all sites are good one.

Let me add one more to here, which i just discovered and homework help rose found pretty good frankly: Mba Essay Questions 2011? We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your website offered us with valuable information to work on. You#8217;ve done an ways to finish an essay, impressive job and our whole community will be grateful to boston university mba essay questions 2011, you. Thank for good tips letter sharing this list. I own a small article directory: This is another article, would you please add this on boston university 2011, your list? Thanks. This is free article directory site with article buzz function

Very great post. Homework Help Hulman? I just stumbled upon your weblog and boston university mba essay wished to compare research paper, mention that. I have really enjoyed surfing around your weblog posts. In any case I#8217;ll be subscribing on your feed and mba essay questions 2011 I am hoping you write again soon! Great post man#8230; A very good list of article directories#8230;. Thanks for all the links. I went through most of them. It sure helped me a lot. Thanks man for the links#8230;..really appreciated#8230;need to optimally post my articles which are on my blog on

I also have not done this. if my article from recycle from other web or not original article and than post in the article directory. it#8217;s oke or not? Great article I have been looking for shakespeare essay some quality computer articles to mba essay, put up on my web site. This article has given me a great source of free original articles to publish. If anyone else has original articles they want published with links to their web site feel free to drop me a line. Thanks a lot this valuable article sites list this is very use full for Article submissions.One more important site for compare contrast research article submission with PR-2 and Alexa 58,620.Where you can submit your articles. I am very happy find this list of article directories. Boston Mba Essay 2011? I want to submit my article to that directories. Thank you. Wow#8230;#8230;#8230;#8230;great list, um really happy to got it here#8230;Thank you very much.. Letter? Great Article, Can you add this website directory to you site? it is university a new article directory

Just recently we have introduces one new free article submission directory in which we are publishing only shakespeare critical unique and rich content articles for reprint on web. All guest user are invited to post their articles to publish it on our blog. Hi, thanks for the list. Boston University Questions 2011? Could you consider adding this free article directory to your list? You can also try its free for all. Homework Rose Hulman? Here is another article directory with do follow links as well. The free article website for creating your own articles on 2011, your interests and on an overdue recommendations. Advertise or self promote for free through articles. Thank you so much for this list!

I#8217;m new at writing articles, and I really needed guidance on where I should submit my articles. This list will come in handy#8230; Thanks again :) Thanks links really help me submit my articles. Nice informative post! Glad that you share with us so many high quality article submission resources. Great article but still not sure of boston university mba essay questions, Alexa rank. Is it the anthesis of soybean, lower the better? Yes it is good to university questions, have low Alexa rank. Long before the Penguin update Google has been sleepless at cracking down on spamming techniques, writing compelling articles will not only benefit you for searching ranking but it will assist in building your brand.

People will share great content. Good stuff. I need more alternatives to ezine. Instant Approved Article Directory For SEO. It is a great way to increase traffic to sonnets critical, your site as well as to improve page rank due to the built up backlinks. Thanks for all great links. It is very helpful. Thanks for boston 2011 the links It is so helpful for me.

Here are 4 article directories with instant approval, blog commenting, do-follow link attribute and compare contrast research paper more. Always looking for new authors and informative articles. Out of all the article sites I personally love (recommended but it takes time) (this one is easy and quick and is helping me rank well and its dofollow) Wat#8217;s up guys? These directories accept articles try them out!! Good blog for article submission. Sites are fantastic in results. I use as one of boston university, my favorites, ease of use and guaranteed INSTANT submission.

Thanks for sharing this post with us. Is there a point in posting the original article on your own web site first and then submit it, including a link to the original article? This should raise the authority of your web site as the original source, shouldn#8217;t it? thanks for the list, this is great and a big help for the blogger like me. Thank You for hulman explanation about boston questions 2011, free article publishing and promoting own website through the above top rank article sites. Nice post. These are really very nice article sites. These sites can raise the sonnets critical essay, authority of boston university mba essay 2011, your web site as the original source. These are really interesting article sites.As i gone through, i found all of them have more than 50 domain authority,which helps in boosting site#8217;s ranking further making it popular.Thanks for rose hulman sharing such sites. writing compelling articles will not only benefit you for searching ranking but it will assist in building your brand. Long before the Penguin update Google has been sleepless at cracking down on spamming techniques, Another great website to read and boston mba essay 2011 write articles on: Hi, thank#8217;s for sharing this articles directory list. Good Letter? i got one free articles directory with high PR and dofollow to,it#8217;s, i hope you add this to boston mba essay questions 2011, your articles directory list ( if you don#8217;t mind), thanks. Strong Ways To Finish An Essay? is boston questions free articles site, Submit your article here for getting best ranking in search engine, this is best article directory for for writing a cover finding instant approval.

Great examples here, I’m looking at having my comments section re designed, although its clean and simple now I think it could be a little more personal. Thanks for sharing this list. Another worthy site is It#8217;s not exactly an article site, but they let you publish How to articles with 1-2 links in the the author#8217;s bio. I think that type of blog is better than article websites, who longer pose great SEO benefits. Check it out. Thanks for sharing. Boston? These sites are good and its a great way to generate more traffic. How To Buy Time On An Overdue Assignment? This directory acept articles. I am the owner.

Promise fast approve in one day! PR 3 Thanks for really wonderful list. Boston Questions 2011? thanks for the wonderful listing. Buy Time Overdue Assignment? Thanks! I have submitted in boston questions, all the sites,Can you provide more sites to submit on Lowest Airfare to India Thanks.. Good? Thanks for the list.

Just want to share my experience. University Questions 2011? I have submitted a unique article to 2 weeks before.And i am daily getting 200 visitors to research paper, my site from 2 weeks.Just i want to say is article marketing works. The key is that your article should be 100% unique and useful. My article gone viral and visitors are sharing it automatically. now i am daily submitting 5 unique articles to University Mba Essay Questions 2011? also the article directory in which you are submitting your article should be dofollow because if it is then only google count it as backlink.largearticle is dofollow. A fine list of article submission sites. Sonnets Essay? Thanks. also I like this is big site for boston mba essay 2011 SEO. An Essay? Thanks neha.i also prefer because it is dofollow. and article gets approved within 2 days. This is university questions 2011 another popular directory. Strong Ways To Finish? every web master needs to SEO for his Project and Back links are very important for boston university mba essay questions his strategy and traffic get on website.This list very terrific and contrast amazing lots of helping me still directories are working after Google updates thank you,and agreed with your calculation Article are best way to get better traffic and increases page rank and Alexa. This one has a bunch of cool features that sets it apart from boston mba essay all other article directories.

It#8217;s more like a writing community, and has a radio player built in so you can chill out while writing your articles :) You can include several affiliate links and they are DoFollow so really a great website to use. Hello Frnds I am share with u another popular directory. Write about whatever you like and shakespeare critical get paid royalties That is power full website and post your News and Article Approved with in university mba essay questions, 2 3 Hr and get more traffic your articles#8230;? Thanks for really wonderful list. Compare Contrast Research? ANOTHER GOOD ARTICLE SITE. Another good article directory#8230; Another high quality article directory is Letsbefamous is a website where you can read and write incredible article in questions, your niche such as business, technology, entertainment, reviews, etc. Only well written researched articles get published on the website. Homework Help Rose? Pagerank: 5. University 2011? Thanks for buy time overdue sharing do follow article site list ! I have event posting website, I want to improve my alexa ranking which I am not able to do. Pls help what may be the cause and how to fix.

Thanks for sharing this great list of boston mba essay, Articles and check my own latest Article Posting site :- Nice do follow article site list ! I noticed that this article is pretty old. With all of the changes, is buy time it still worth using article directories? What a fantastic article, thanks for boston university this I#8217;ll be submitting my article to how to on an overdue assignment, these today! Keep up the good work. Very useful information well organized. The PR data and submit format are helpful. Great! Thanks for sharing this! I too found a new directory like this, i.e.

Submit a complete office address while listing your business; this will help to create a trust for customers. Find one of the top most Article Submission Directories at SW Article Submission site. In this article site you can submit unique content articles in your preferable categories. For posting the articles click the following link Thanks for sharing do follow directory submission sites list ! Nice Article sites list ! I still use iSnare the boston university, most .. user friendly and critical allows you to submit to boston university mba essay, over 6000 sites even more email publisher subscribers .. Here are other article directory with instant approval, blog commenting, do-follow link attribute and more.

Always looking for new authors and informative articles. I am very happy to find article sites list ! Many in your list are NOT free. iSnare and Amazines are not, and I have not checked others that I believe may also charge for good letter article submission credits. Boston Mba Essay? Top article directory site list.It is very fine high quality social media marketing site. This site list so usuful to me#8230;thanks all. Hi Dr.

Ralph F. Wilson, Thanks for share these top article directory site list.It is very fine high quality social media marketing site. Thanks for sharing high pr article sites list ! Thanks for homework help rose sharing article sites list ! here is another good article directory This is another article, would you please add this on your list? Thanks. Boston University Mba Essay Questions? Thanks For Sharing High PR Directory Submission Sites#8230;#8230; PR 5 Please Add This List Do Follow High PR Site?#8230; Here one more article publish site :- Free PR4 site is great for sonnets local SEO. Try it and it is free. Many of the university mba essay questions, article directories listed above have all died. If you are looking for shakespeare critical essay an article directory that approve articles instantly, you can visit is boston university mba essay a great article directory for anthesis premium content. Actual real list. Thanks for sharing. There is another one articles site, you can visit: Ready Made Spolecnosti thanks for sharing useful information, is university mba essay also very good for article posting.

Thanks for sharing this information. Google is now not taking the page rank and all. So what the anthesis of soybean, use we are posting article in page rank sites. So, Post the article in university mba essay, any sites an get dofollow backlinks. Please keep in mind that this article was written in 2007. At that time PageRank was a factor. One of my favorite website for Article Submission which gives you an Instant Approval with a Do- follow Link and also get your article index on google website in a very short period of time .. Submit your articles at Excellent Very Helpful Article on compare contrast research paper, Article Submission. Thank You for mba essay the Great Information Sharing. One can get paid links from just fill out the contact us from and they will get back to you with in 24 hrs. Thanks for the great list, Article Directories are very important for website or blog it gives doffolow and ways to finish high pr backlink.

In addition to the list, here is another good one. Thank yopu so much for the list. 2011? Much appreciated :) I would like to add one more article directory to this list. here is another one for assignment you guys. Google is now not taking the page rank and mba essay 2011 all. So what the use we are posting article in page rank sites. We are a computer repair company and was looking for a place to strong ways to finish an essay, post our website.

Thank you for sharing this amazing list of sites. I have one more site which you would like to add in boston mba essay 2011, your list. Really a great share.. really helpful#8230; I found another free article submission website . have a look i think the how to assignment, SEO features are really good in it . Thanks for sharing this enormous info. Alexa and PR rank are helpful.. Nice productive list of websites. Thanks. But there are those websites also which do not approve articles soon. Does anyone know websites with instant approval?

Thank you so much for university 2011 the list. Compare Research? Much appreciated. Interesting list. However, many of the “free” directories are now either charging a significant fee for listings, or are delaying your listings 3 to 6 months – all while requiring a backlink to boston mba essay, be up during that time. Not so many of them are fair or balanced trades anymore. Thanks for sonnets sharing this useful post. 2011? You can also add your website to anthesis, this high PR Instant Approval Directory Sites below: Find one more article website with high domain authority at Great resource do all of them allow links back to the original article? I checked a couple and there did not seem to boston university questions, be any links back. There#8217;s an contrast research paper, Article directory with Google PR 9. It submits both paid and free articles. This is really a great job . I think it will be very helpful.

Thanks for university mba essay questions sharing the list of article directory site .I am very happy to see the top most article site with google page ranking and alexa ranking. Another good article directory. Hello Sir I would like you to add this small but instant approval article submission site ie as follows. Thanks for all the of soybean, links and also i went through most of them to university questions 2011, helped me a lot. Strong To Finish? I like using which is an university mba essay questions, article directory for the environment/go green niche.

I would recommend to add to this list one more instant approval article directory, which allows do-follow links: Very Good List Dude. Overdue Assignment? Here I suggest One More Dofollow Back Link With Article or Content Submission this is good website for articles submission please update in boston university mba essay 2011, the list: Very Good List Dude. Here I suggest One More Dofollow Back Link With Article or Content Submission Our small article marketing web site, good italian article only! Thanks. i was in help, search of the sites like these. Thanks for 2011 share nice articles sites, Mostly content lovers SEO Content marketing persons are used all these sites. Here is one more article site : Very useful site list thank you for sonnets share, here one more pr article submission site Boston Mba Essay 2011? is a platform for to publish information in the form of of soybean, article with images and boston 2011 videos. I saw some spammy articles in some of those article directories but in terms of traffic they are the of soybean, best ones.

I also use becasue it gives me an author grade which can be handy when your promoting your article writing services. is boston university mba essay also a good article website. For Writing Letter? is a free article website. You must mentions here free or paid directory. You Can add your Blogs, content, Articles and boston university questions 2011 Press release at We are here to bring you interesting and engaging content from our community of good for writing a cover, writers, freelance journalists and content creators. kindly add site in your Article directory. Is #8220;article directory submissions#8221; still effective in 2017 for university SEO? Can anyone shed some lights on this? I want to for writing a cover, offer this as a service on our new website Thank you for sharing good information with us. if you are interested submit your article on Great Article website list, Also add website directory to you site? it is a free instant approved dofollow backlink article directory.

Other then above is also a very good article website. Scholarhive is a free article directory where authors can submit their articles for free publication. Here is Instant approval article website, instant approval press release website and. I got following article submission site through google. It is free article submission site. I have used this website and received backlinks from boston questions 2011 this website.

Here is the url of that website: Good quality post for those in need of getting good quality backlinks and free traffic back to their site. Make It Personal: The Importance of One-to-One Marketing. Copyright © 2005-2017 Practical Ecommerce. All Rights Reserved.

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“Island Man” and boston university mba essay questions 2011, “The Fringe Of The Sea” Essay. I recently read two poems entitled “Island Man” and contrast research paper, “The Fringe Of The Sea”. They are both similar in theme, but they also have many differences. Both poems are based on the emotions of people who live near the university mba essay questions 2011, sea and their feelings towards it. This theme relates to both of the authors, and connects them; the author of “The Fringe Of The Sea”, A.L. Hendricks, was born in Jamaica and later in life moved to Britain. Grace Nichols, author of “Island Man”, was born in Ghana and then also immigrated to the UK. Grace Nichols’ poem “Island Man” is about a Caribbean man who lives in London, but still longs for his home and the sea. The poem follows the man as he wakes in the morning to the memories of his home in the Caribbean and the sound of the sea in his head. I believe that the main theme of the poem is that home is important and it will always be with you no matter what. There is also a strong theme of reluctance coming from “Island Man” to move on buy time assignment, with his life and leave his past behind.

His unwillingness to get up in the morning can also be viewed as a strong metaphor of boston mba essay 2011 his reluctance to good a cover letter, leave his past behind. Boston University! An interesting concept played on in the poem is that it takes place when “Island Man” wakes up – leaving him in the state of being half asleep and half awake. This gives the author the ability to let you guess which parts of the poem are the reality, dreams and memories of his life – using this the author can entangle them together. A good example of this is the help hulman, line “his crumpled pillow waves” – it shows the reality (his crumpled pillow) and mba essay, as he is half awake and half asleep his dreams and memories view the crumples in the pillow as “waves”. The theme of buy time overdue identity is also strong in the poem. “Island Man” is never given a name so that he can also be seen as a symbol of the people who have moved from their home countries and felt like they have lost part of boston mba essay themselves; their identity. Therefore “Island Man” can be seen as a representative of these people, and so I believe that they will relate with the anthesis, character – this also fits in to the background of the boston mba essay, author, Grace Nichols, so it is possible she did this so that she relates to the character. The Island in “Island Man” could also be a way of showing his emotions, e.g. he is an isolated or lonely man trapped on an emotional island. The poem is also written in free verse, with no sentence structure or full stops. This suggests the contrast paper, idea of no restrictions and freedom, just like the Caribbean is for Island Man, compared to his London life. Just before the poem starts there is information in parenthesis, this helps set the mba essay questions, scene by giving a little information telling you what the poem is about. As soon as you begin reading the homework help, poem it is obvious that the poem is written in a first person narrative rather than a third person narrative.

I believe the reason for this would be because with a third person narrative it is distanced from the character, whilst with a first person one you can sympathize with the character and you could also identify with them. The first line “Morning” has more than just the surface meaning here, it also seems to be a pun on the word “Mourning” to suggest sadness in Island Man. More evidence for this is that the mba essay 2011, word is on its own in the line, this could be meaning loneliness, which is generally related to sadness. The word could also be viewed as a way of showing a new start, as mornings are a new start for every day, it could also be a metaphor for a new beginning in Island Man’s life. Letter! This new start would be Island Man leaving home and boston university questions, starting his new life in London. The next line “and Island Man wakes up” shows that the character of Island Man has no name as he is referred to without a using a name. This suggests that he may feel like he has no identity after leaving a large part of his life behind in the Caribbean. Line three and four are a change from the previous two as we begin to see a strong rhythm forming. The line is as follows – “to the sound of blue surf / in his head in is head” although these are two separate lines (separated here with a slash) they are related poetically. These lines use enjambment for good for writing a cover the effect of the lines flowing into each other to boston 2011, make it seems like the help rose hulman, sea. The first half flows smoothly, as does the second half, except for the final word.

The letter “S” is used in both halves to bring them together – to boston mba essay questions 2011, remind the strong ways to finish, readers of Islands Man closeness to the sea. The letter “H” (“head”) is a break from the “S’s” and therefore the rhythm is lost. The third line (“to the sound of blue surf”) has alliteration of the letter “S”. Boston! The sound of this letter is very much like that of the waves to remind the reader of the sea. To insure that this comes across to the readers there is buy time assignment, emphasis on these letters. There is also an emphasis on the word “head” here to make the readers realize that it is only in Island Man’s head, as he also realizes the mba essay questions, truth. The fourth line uses two verbs, which have internal rhyme to make the line flow easier (breaking and wombing). The first verb “breaking” suggests the repetitive and steady breaking of the waves on the Caribbean sands. Anthesis! More evidence of boston mba essay 2011 this meaning the waves is the fact that the line says “the steady breaking and wombing” which clearly illustrates the ways to finish an essay, waves motion.

The second verb “wombing” is derived from the questions, word “womb”; therefore this connotes warmth, maternal love and family. Island Man would connect all of contrast research paper these with his home, and he would connect the first one in an emotional and physical sense. In this line the adverb “steady” is used to describe the verbs. Whilst other words could have been used to boston university mba essay, this effect I believe “steady” was chosen because the first letter is an “S”, which continues the shakespeare critical, alliteration from the previous lines – and reinforces the rhythm. The first line of the next stanza “wild seabirds” may not seem to hold much information but it seems to be comparing London and the Caribbean by using the adjective “wild” which is a contrast to boston university mba essay 2011, the Pigeons usually found in London. The second line of the second stanza is as follows – “and fishermen pushing out to sea”. Here we have alliteration of the letters “SH” in “fishermen” and “pushing” it is also mildly repeated in the word “sea” at shakespeare sonnets, the end of the sentence by using the letter “S”. Again, this suggests the sound of the sea. There is a continuing of the alliteration of the letter “S” through onto the last line of this stanza with the words “sun surfacing”. The adverb used to illustrate the sun is an interesting one (“the sun surfacing defiantly”), it seems to suggest that Island Man does not want the boston university mba essay, sun to rise over of soybean, his island home, as it is boston 2011, defying him.

This is another way of showing Island Man’s reluctance to leave his past life behind, as he doesn’t want life to go on without him. This could also mean that the sun surfaces in strong ways to finish an essay London when he doesn’t want it to, as it awakes him from boston university mba essay, his dreams of his past life. There is also a rhyme at the end of this line with the end of the previous line – it is “sea” and “defiantly”. Rhyme creates harmony and a relaxed atmosphere; this reflects Island Man’s thoughts about the island. The next stanza has a situation where his memories, dreams and reality becomes entwined. Homework Help! There are a number of different possibilities for this stanza, and I believe the author did not make any of boston questions 2011 these possibilities singularly correct, but rather wanted the ways to finish, reader to guess. University 2011! On its own the stanza reads as “from the east / of his small emerald island / he always comes back”.

The obvious meaning of this is that in good for writing a cover London (“the east”) he awakes from the dreams (“he always comes back”). This possibility is based on boston university, the reality, whilst if you pair it up with the last line of the previous stanza (“the sun surfacing defiantly”) it gives it a new meaning based more on his memories and dreams and then back to reality – “the sun surfacing defiantly / from the east / of his small emerald island / he always comes back”. Shakespeare Critical Essay! This possibility tells of the sun surfacing to the east of the boston university mba essay questions 2011, island, which are his memories and/or his dreams. The island is compare research paper, cleverly described as a small emerald in the second line of this stanza, this not only relates to its colour, a lush tropical green, but also its value. Boston Mba Essay Questions! An emerald, although small is very valuable and precious, as the island is to Island Man. Before the writing continues there is a large gap, which I beielve illustrates the reluctance of Island Man in leaving his past behind, it also shows that change will take time as the lines read as “he always comes back / groggily groggily”.

The word “groggily” connotes a slow, sleepy movement, this is Island Man getting out of bed, which is a metaphor for his reluctance to buy time, leave his past behind. Boston Mba Essay Questions! So as it takes time to get out of bed it takes time get on with his London life. Next the poem goes on to what Island Man comes back to – “Comes back to sands / of a grey metallic soar”. The first line is about Island Man coming back to anthesis of soybean, a place of a “grey metallic soar” which is obviously London. Although there are only three words in the line they all connote a strong image of London. They seem to suggest a soaring of traffic (“soar”), a bleak landscape of buildings and boston questions 2011, a concrete jungle (“grey”) and more cars (“metallic”).

It may seem that these are a strong contrast to good tips, the Caribbean, but they all have their similarities and connections, which Island Man can see, which maybe explains why he refers to boston mba essay, it as “sands”. Sonnets! These similarities are sea birds rather than traffic (“soar”), jungles and boston university questions, trees rather than buildings (“grey”/green) and wood boats and houses rather than cars (“metallic”/wooden). The next line has the strong ways, same gap that exists before the repetition of university questions “groggily” earlier on in the poem. However this gap is more to do with acceptance rather than reluctance as Island Man realises he must face the reality. Compare Research! This makes sense as the line is ” to the surge of wheels”. The word surge here is used as a contrast between the surge of wheels and the surge of the tropical waves, the shape of a wheel is also similar to that of a curling wave, and mba essay questions 2011, the repeating of the waves is similar to of soybean, the turning of mba essay wheels. The line following this is “to a dull North Circular roar”. The North Circular is a road in London in the shape of circle, this is tips for writing, a contrast to the Island home of Island Man and the roar is a contrast of the traffic and the sea.

Dull is also used to compare; as the mba essay, Island Man views the Caribbean as being anything but dull, whilst he views London life as being dreary. The words “roar” and “soar” rhyme but in a different way to contrast paper, the previous rhyme, which seemed very smooth and boston university, seemed to flow easily, whilst this rhyme is much more coarse. This is again a metaphor for how Island Man viewed the contrast between his Caribbean life and his London life. The final stanza of the poem begins with the repetition of the word “muffling”. Strong To Finish An Essay! This suggests that Island Man is covering his head with his pillows to drown out the boston university mba essay, sound of the traffic, as he wants to keep the sound of the waves in his head. Homework Help Rose! Island Man tries to hide the fact that he is no longer at home from himself in order to feel some comfort. There is more evidence for this on the next line as he seeks comfort by pretending the boston university questions, crumples on his pillow are the waves of the sea. This is how to buy time on an, followed by the line “and island man heaves himself”.

This is Island Man finally getting out of his bed to face the boston university mba essay questions, realities of his London life, and the verb “heaved” seems to refer back to the fishermen earlier. It is also a word, which connotes intense effort and energy, which again refers back to the reluctance of Island Man. The poem is finished with a single line on strong to finish, it’s own, this line is “Another London day” which tells the reader that Island Man now must accept his reality in London, although unwillingly. I personally enjoyed reading Island Man as it is questions 2011, very well written and the author has been very clever in disguising her message in a subtle way but still delivering the message is a powerful one. The poem also suggests the characters emotions in a realistic way using a large array of ways to finish an essay poetic devices, for instance I have never felt homesick, but thanks to the author I could sympathize for university mba essay 2011 Island Man. Island Man is also a poem with many different layers to it – the poem can be viewed from many different angles to give a slightly differing meaning to it each time it is read – I personally enjoy poems like this as they tend to contrast, get better the more you read them as you reveal their different layers of meaning. A similar poem to boston university mba essay, “Island Man” is “The Fringe of The Sea”. This poem has many similarities, but also many differences to the previous poem. This poem is about a community of Island people and their feelings rather than about a single man as in Island Man.

Although Island Man himself was a representative of these people The Fringe Of The Sea is less personal than Island Man making it hard to connect with and feel for the characters. The main reason for of soybean this is that whilst Island Man deals with one person, The Fringe Of The Sea is written in first person plural (“We” and “Us” rather than “I”). This obviously distances you from the people, as you cannot get singular thoughts of a person. However it shows that these people all have the same/similar opinions, which shows that these people co-work, co-operate and live together in boston university mba essay questions 2011 harmony. The main theme of this poem is co-working – it shows that all people who live upon small islands live in harmony with each other and tips for writing a cover letter, nature and grow a mutual respect for both of them. Unlike the previous poem there are not many themes and many different ways to look at boston university mba essay questions, the poem, it has instead one strong view of the contrast paper, poem, which is enforced throughout. This poem is boston university mba essay questions, written in free verse, although mostly in stanzas of three or four lines – most lines are of a similar length, although a few aren’t. Anthesis! This is very different to the form and structure of Island Man, which has variable stanza and line lengths and boston mba essay questions 2011, with some lines with a large space before them and protruding out to ways an essay, the side of the poem.

Similarly to Island Man however there is boston mba essay, a shortage of capital letters – in both poems they are only used for pronouns or nouns (“North Circular” and “We”). The first stanza of the poem begins with the sonnets, pronoun “We” showing that it is in university mba essay first person plural narrative, which differs from Island Man’s third person narrative. There is contrast research paper, also a repetition of “We” to mba essay, emphasize the point and to emphasize its meaning. In the first stanza, there are a few similarities to the poem Island Man, here is the first stanza – “We do not like to awaken / far from the fringe of the sea / we who live upon small islands”. It is apparent immediately that once again the poem is about people who live upon tips a cover letter, a small island, although there is no information about its location – as there was in Island Man (in a parenthesis at the start of the boston university mba essay, poem). Another similarity is that the word “awaken” is used in this poem, and waking up is used as a strong metaphor and help rose hulman, theme of Island Man, these people obviously feel the same way as Island Man does about the sea – neither want to “awaken far from the boston university questions, fringe of the sea”. The second line of critical this stanza uses alliteration of the letter “F” (“far from the fringe of the sea”). This creates a soothing sound similar to the sea waves, as it is a soft sounding letter to pronounce. Enjambment is also used to recreate the flowing of the sea waves with the lines continuing into each other. Questions! Rhythm is used here to create a sense of harmony and peace – it is used in Island Man to the same effect. Both of these poetic forms were also used to a similar effect in Island Man – alliteration was used with the repetition of the letter “S” or sometimes “SH” to reproduce the sound of the good, sea.

Enjambment is also used in questions the same way in Island Man. The metaphor “the fringe of the sea” is very effective as it gives you the compare contrast research paper, image of the white surf on the waves, which is similar in shape to a fringe. In the final line of mba essay 2011 this stanza (“we who live upon small islands”) the geographical difference is noted by using the adjective “small” – this compares it with larger islands such as Britain, and therefore London, so this is similarity to Island Man as well. The second stanza refers back to the idea of waking up with the lines “We like to rise up early /quick in the agile mornings” – this shows the opposite of Island Man’s attitude in the first poem; whilst Island Man was reluctant and unwilling these lines connote eagerness and energy. Compare Contrast Research! However this is almost certainly how Island Man must have felt on his island, as he has different feelings away from mba essay questions, it, so they do resemble each other in that sense – showing both sides of waking up at home and away. Using the adjective “quick” to describe them rising in buy time assignment the mornings is another way of showing energy, which is questions, a contrast to the lack of energy in Island Man. The adjective “agile” is used to the same effect to describe the morning upon the island. Tips Letter! The next lines of the stanza reinforce the idea of questions being close to nature and the sea (” and walk out only small distances / to of soybean, look down on the water”). One apparent difference here is that in “Island Man” every line had a meaning and held lots of information, but in mba essay 2011 “The Fringe Of The Sea”, most lines are supportive of the previous and next lines. The present participle of “swaying” is used in the next stanza to show ongoing activity and motion, these were also used in Island Man when he remembering his home (“fishermen pushing”).

Next there is a list of what the for writing a cover letter, sea offers to the people – “with songs, and tides, and endless boatways, and undulate patterns and moods”. This is not totally different from Island Man; there is a short list of university questions 2011 what Island Man remembers from good tips, his island in the second stanza of the poem (“wild seabirds / and fishermen pushing out to sea / the sun surfacing defiantly”). Boston Questions! The term “endless boatways” is an effective one, which connotes that the islanders use the ways to finish, sea in the same way we use roads. This is a contrast to modern/western life – which occur frequently in Island Man. Using the modifier “undulate” to 2011, describe the patterns of the waves portrays a strong image of their smooth continuous motion. There is no use of personification in the poem Island Man, but there is how to on an overdue assignment, some use of it in The Fringe Of The Sea – the sea’s “moods” are referred to. Questions! Personifying the sea here connotes that they actually see the sea as a person, a part of the community, co-working with the islanders (providing food).

The fourth stanza is as follows – “We want to contrast research paper, be able to saunter beside it / slowpaced in burning sunlight / barearmed, barefoot, bareheaded,”). It begins once again by saying what they want to boston university questions 2011, be able to do by the sea, which is to “saunter” – this is good tips a cover, very different to the cars on the North Circular in Island Man. The word “slowpaced” also works to the same effect. University Questions! Using alliteration of the letter “B” creates a relaxed atmosphere, to mimic the atmosphere of island life. Alliteration is used in Island Man to create the same effect. The first line of the next stanza reinforces the theme of being at sonnets critical, one with nature – “and to stoop down to the shallows”. The rest of the stanza – “sifting the random water / between assaying fingers / like farmers do with soil,” uses a simile to boston university questions 2011, compare island life with western life. Sonnets Critical Essay! It contrasts farmers with the island fishermen (fishermen are also noted in Island Man). This suggests that the boston university mba essay questions, island people view the sea as being their crop fields and soil as they depend on it just as much as farmers depend on how to buy time on an, their land for food.

Both peoples (farmers and islanders), although they mostly live in mba essay questions different cultures, harvest in the same way – a strong similarity by use of a simile is not used in Island Man. Rather than powerful similes it gives its message through many subtle metaphors. Help Hulman! Respect it also suggested by this simile as they co-work together, which is a strong theme in the second poem. There is boston university questions 2011, good use of the verb “assaying” which contrasts farmers testing the land and the islanders testing the water to asses the quality. Here is the next stanza – “and to think of turquoise mackerel / turning with consummate grace, / sleek and anthesis, decorous / and elegant in high chambers”.

The readers are told that the though of the sea and it’s harvest is enough to make them happy – this relates back to boston university mba essay questions 2011, Island Man as it was only his thoughts that kept him happy. Describing the fish as “turquoise mackerel” is another effective use of adjectives as it gives a strong image of perfect, delicious looking fish. An Essay! Turquoise is also a valuable stone, which connotes that the islanders see the fish as being precious to them. This is also very similar to Island Man calling his home “his small emerald island” – both use precious stones to show both colour and value of an item (“emerald island” and boston, “turquoise fish”). The rest of the stanza is about the similarity between the fish swimming and a sophisticated ballroom dance.

The next three lines of the stanza use adjectives to describe the “turquoise fish” in a similar way that ballroom dancers can be described. Good A Cover! These adjectives are “consummate”, “sleek”, “decorous” and questions, “elegant” – all of which can be related to both fish swimming and sophisticated dancing, this shows that the islanders view the fish as being sophisticated and civilized and maybe as equals as they need them to compare contrast, survive, rather than dismissing them as nothing important as most modern/western people would nowadays. The “high blue chambers” in the final line of the stanza refers to the sea, which is similar to their dancing chamber. The next stanza is a short one once again reinforcing the fact that these people always want to be at one with the sea – they see it as their streets – “We want to be able to walk out into it”, their offices and workplaces – “to work in it” and to recreate in it – “dive and swim and play in boston it”. Once again this is a list similar to the one earlier in the poem – there is also a short list in Island Man. The following stanza is also a list of verbs, about the things these people want to critical, be able to do in the sea. The first two lines are a contrast to Island Man’s London life (“to row and sail / to pilot over it’s sandless highways”). The lines are about boston 2011 transport – compared to the “soaring” cars on the North Circular in Island Man. The third line (“and to hear”) shows that the sound of the sea is research, enough to make these people happy – this fits in well with Island Man as he hears the sea in his head, this is enough to make him happy.

The line is a short one, with a simple meaning on it’s own to emphasize just how important the sound really is to these people and mba essay questions 2011, how it alone makes a large difference. This poetic form is also used in the poem Island Man in the first line (“Morning”) to help rose hulman, strongly emphasize a single point. The final line of the stanza – “it’s call and murmurs wherever we may be” is linked by enjambment with the university mba essay 2011, previous line. This is also similar to Island Man, where there are a number of lines using enjambment for effect. The line itself seems to resemble exactly how Island Man feels, which shows that the emotions of Island Man and these people are very real, as two different authors have given them exactly the of soybean, same feelings and emotions. Island Man hears the boston mba essay 2011, sea’s call in his head and the soothing sounds and murmurs. The rest of anthesis of soybean line also fit’s in well with Island Man, as it is about the fact that location isn’t important to these people – “wherever we may be” broadens the horizons the poem as had up until now, it has all been “Us” and boston 2011, “We”, but now it has changed. There is no change like this in the poem Island Man because Island Man himself is a symbol of all these people. The final stanza of the poem – (“All who have lived upon small islands / want to strong to finish, sleep and awaken / close to the fringe of the sea”) begins by broadening its horizons once more.

It is now totally inclusive of everybody who has lived upon small islands (“All who have lived”). The poem now speaks for university questions 2011 not only this community, but also every single community like it that exists. Rather than using a subtle metaphor for this (like Island Man does) this poem just come out and says it – and strong ways, it is believable as the whole community feels the same way, so why shouldn’t every other one? It also eases you into university 2011, the situation by beginning to broaden its horizons in the previous stanza – nothing like this is used in anthesis Island Man. The rest of this stanza is merely a repetiton of the first stanza to bring everything back together and to reinforce the poem’s message. This does occur close to the end of boston mba essay 2011 Island Man – it says that “island man heaves himself”, which is referring back to the fishermen previously in the poem. The definitive finalizing of the good tips a cover, poem is also used at university questions, the end of anthesis Island Man for the same purposes as it is used here in university questions The Fringe Of The Sea. The Fringe Of The Sea is a poem I also enjoyed reading as the author uses a number of contrasts between modern/western life and island life which really makes you think and wonder which is truly better. This poem is strong ways, trying to boston university mba essay questions 2011, give a simple message telling us of how content these people are with their simple lives and I believe that this point is delivered well – you can really feel the emotion of these people in the poem without using too many adjectives, or even many words as it is a simple request which is repeated throughout the poem (all that “we” want is…). Out of the an essay, two poems I preferred Island Man, mainly for the reason that it stays as a good poem in my mind no matter how much I read it.

Whilst The Fringe Of The Sea reveals its full meaning the first time around you need to read Island Man a few times to fully understand all of its meanings – I personally like this as it the mark of a good poet and it shows that lots of thought and effort have gone into the poem. For me it is the boston university mba essay questions, difference in homework rose hulman depth that make Island Man the better poem of the boston mba essay, two. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 19 June 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on “Island Man” and “The Fringe Of The Sea” for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample. For Only $13.90/page.

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college essay spoof Literary Terms and Definitions: P. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted September 1, 2017. This list is meant to assist, not intimidate.

Use it as a touchstone for important concepts and university mba essay questions 2011, vocabulary that we will cover during the compare contrast research term. Vocabulary terms are listed alphabetically. P TEXT, THE (Also called the P Document ): In biblical scholarship, the common editorial abbreviation for the Priestly Text (see below, or click here for more detailed discussion.). PAEAN : Among the earliest Greeks, the university questions word paean signifies a dance and hymn with a specific rhythm which is endued with an absolving and of soybean, healing power (Burkett 44). University. In later usage, any song of praise to a deity is called a paean. PALATAL : In linguistics, any sound involving the hard palate--especially the tongue touching or moving toward the hard palate. PALATAL DIPTHONGIZATION : A sound change in which either the ash or the /e/ sound in Old English words became a diphthong when preceded by palatal consonants. For instance, Modern English cheese comes from strong ways to finish, Old English ciese , which is a cognate of Latin caseus . Scholars can tell the word in Old English must have been adopted after the time of palatal diphthongization--otherwise it would have a simple /e/ sound rather than the diphthong /ie/ . Thus, palatal dipthongization is mba essay, useful for philologists who wish to date a borrowed word in Old English. PALATALIZATION : In linguistics, the process of making a sound more palatal --i.e., moving the blade of the ways an essay tongue closer to the hard palate. PALIMBACCHIU S: Also called an anti-bacchius , this is a three-syllable foot in which the first two syllables are stressed and the third syllable unstressed. It is very rare in English prosody, though Gerard Manley Hopkins and Ezra Pound make occasional use of it.

PALIMPSEST (Grk, rubbed away): A surface such as a piece of parchment or vellum in which one text had been written, but then later became partially or completely erased when a subsequent scribe or bookmarker recycled the questions page and used a knife or edged tool to scrape away the hulman original surface. This process would remove or fade the original writing sufficiently for the later scribe to write over the older material. It was a very common practice in medieval times since paper was so expensive. Boston Mba Essay Questions 2011. Often, modern codicologists can rediscover the anthesis of soybean original writing by using UV light filters or chemicals to make the erased text visible again. PALINDROME : A word, sentence, or verse that reads the same way backward or foreward. Certain words in English naturally function as palindromes: for instance, civic , rotor , race car, radar , level and so on. However, when individuals seek to combine several words at once, the result becomes a sort of perverse art. Here are some longer English examples culled from J. A. Cuddon's Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory : Madam, I'm Adam. Sir, I'm Iris. Able was I ere I saw Elba. (attributed apocryphally to Napoleon, who was exiled on boston university questions, Elba, though in historical fact he apparently spoke no English!) A man, a plan, a canal: Panama!

Sex at noon taxes. Lewd did I live evil I did dwel. (anonymous 18th-century gravestone) Straw? No, too stupid a fad; I put soot on warts! Deliver desserts, demanded Nemesis--emended, named, stressed, reviled. T. Eliot, top bard, notes putrid tang emanating, is sad. Help Hulman. I'd assign it a name: Gnat dirt upset on drab pot toilet. (W. H. University. Auden) Stop Syrian! I start at sonnets essay, rats in airy spots! The tradition goes back a long ways. University Mba Essay Questions. Cuddon notes several, including a Greek palindrome inscribed on a vial of holy water in Saint Sophia's church in Constantinople that translates as Wash not only compare paper, my face, but also my sins . A Latin example is the mba essay questions palindrome, In girum imus nocte et consumimur igni which means We [moths] fly in circles by night and we will be consumed in fire. How To Buy Time Overdue. Probably the most excessive use of palindromes is the 1802 collection by Ambrose Pamperis, in which Pamperis writes 416 palindromic verses celebrating Catherine the Great's military campaigns (See Cuddon 673-74).

PALINODE (Greek: singing again): A poem, song, or section of a poem or song in which the poet renounces or retracts his words in an earlier work. Usually this is meant to apologize or counterbalance earlier material. The first recorded use of the palinode is a lyric written by the Greek author Stesichorus (7th century BCE), in which he retracts his earlier statement claiming that the Trojan War was entirely Helen's fault. Ovid wrote his Remedia Amoris as a palinode for his scandalous Ars Amatoria --a work that may have caused Caesar Augustus to mba essay, banish him to the Black Sea. As a theme, the palinode is especially common in letter, religious poetry and university mba essay, love poetry.

The use of the palinode became conventional in patristic and medieval writings--as evidenced in Augustine, Bede, Giraldus Cambrensis, Jean de Meun, Sir Lewis Clifford, and strong, others. More recent examples of palinodes include Sir Philip Sidney's Leave me, O love which reachest but to dust. Here, his palinode renounces the poetry of sexual love for that of boston university divine grace. Likewise, Chaucer's Legend of Good Women includes a palinode in which the author takes back what he said about unfaithful women like Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde . At the end of the Canterbury Tales , Chaucer goes so far as to write a retraction for all his secular literature. See also retraction . PANDECT (Grk. pan everything + dektes reciever): A book that purports to how to buy time on an assignment, contain all possible information on a subject. Boston Mba Essay 2011. The term was first used as a title for Emperor Justinian's 50-volume encyclopedia of Roman law. Cf. summa . PANEGYRIC : A speech or poem designed to praise another person or group. In ancient Greek and Roman rhetoric, it was one branch of on an assignment public speaking, with established rules and conventions found in the works of Menander and boston university mba essay, Hermogenes.

Famous examples include Pliny's eulogy on ways to finish an essay, Emperor Trajan and boston university mba essay questions, Isocrates' oration on anthesis, the Olympic games of 380. PANGLOSSIAN (Grk. pan everything + Lat. glossare to explain or comment upon): The word is an eponym based on the fictional Dr. Pangloss from boston questions 2011, Voltaire's satire, Candide . Dr. How To Buy Time Assignment. Pangloss is a naively optimistic pedant who upholds the doctrine that all is for the best, and that we live in the best of all possible worlds, claiming that a benevolent deity creates all things for positive purposes, and if we could only decipher cause/effect accurately, we would see this. His arguments are a parody of Alexander Pope's claim that Whatever is, is RIGHT. Voltaire uses Pangloss as a straw-man in boston mba essay 2011, Candide , and Voltaire tries to homework, show through the more inane Panglossian arguments that, in fact, the mba essay 2011 world is sonnets essay, a highly flawed place and it does not live up to its ideal possibilities.

PANTHEON (Greek, all the gods): (1) A pantheon is a collective term for all the gods believed to exist in a particular religious belief or mythos . University Mba Essay Questions. Thus, we can talk of the Hittite pantheon, the Greek pantheon, etc. (2) The Pantheon is a great temple in Rome dedicated to all the Olympian gods, not to ways to finish, be confused with the Parthenon , the great temple dedicateSd to the virgin goddess Athena, which is situated on top of the Acropolis in boston, Athens. PANTUN : A verse form from Malaysia. The pantun is a poem of no specific length, composed of tips for writing letter quatrains using internal assonance. The rhymes are interlinked much like terza rima in the sense that the second and fourth lines of boston questions each stanza become the sonnets first and third lines of the following stanza. In the last quatrain, the first line of the poem appears again as the last, and boston university 2011, the third line as the second, forming a circle for closure. (Alternatively, the poet may end the work with a simple couplet). Ernest Fouinet introduced the strong ways to finish genre to French literature in the 1800s. Victor Hugo, Baudelaire, and university mba essay questions, Leconte de Lisle later also experimented with it in French verse.

Although rare in English poetry, Austin Dobson used it in of soybean, his work, In Town . PARABASIS (Greek, stepping forward or going aside): A moment at the end of a Greek tragedy in which the chorus would remove their masks and step forward to address the audience directly in speech rather than song. The parabasis usually contained the final thoughts or opinions of the playwright on some matter of government, theology, or philosophy. The concluding words of the chorus in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex serve as one example. PARABLE (Greek: throwing beside or placing beside): A story or short narrative designed to reveal allegorically some religious principle, moral lesson, psychological reality, or general truth. Boston University Mba Essay Questions. Rather than using abstract discussion, a parable always teaches by comparison with real or literal occurrences--especially homey everyday occurrences a wide number of people can relate to. Well-known examples of parables include those found in compare contrast research, the synoptic Gospels, such as The Prodigal Son and The Good Samaritan. In some Gospel versions, Christ announces his parables with a conventional phrase, The Kingdom of God is like . . Boston University Mba Essay. . . Technically speaking, biblical parables were originally examples of a Hebrew genre called meshalim (singular mashal ), a word lacking a close counter-part in Greek, Latin or English. Meshalim in Hebrew refer to help rose hulman, mysterious speech, i.e., spiritual riddles or enigmas the speaker couches in university mba essay questions, story-form. Thus, in Matthew 13:11 and Mark 4:11-12, Christ states that he speaks in tips a cover, parables so that outsiders will not be able to understand his teachings. It is only late in boston questions, the Greek New Testament that these meshalim are conflated with parables or allegorical readings designed for homework help rose hulman ease of understanding.

Non-religious works can be parables as well. For example, Melville's Billy Budd demonstrates that absolute good--such as the boston university 2011 impressionable, naive young sailor--may not co-exist with absolute evil--the villain Claggart. Cf. fable , allegory , and symbolism , or click here for a PDF handout discussing the differences between these terms. PARADIGMATIC CHANGE (also called associative change ): In linguistics, these are language changes brought about because a sound or a word was associated with a different sound or word. How To On An Assignment. Algeo provides the following example: PARAGRAPH (Greek, side writing): (1) Originally, a short stroke below the start of a line running horizontally to separate that material from earlier commentary. It was common in Greek manuscripts to boston mba essay 2011, show a break in the sense or a change of subject (Cuddon 679). (2) In modern English composition, it is a passage, section or subdivision of a longer essay, usually indicated by indenting the first line of the section. Conventionally, a paragraph deals with one particular idea or aspect of a larger subject-matter. For the sake of reader comprehension, the writer typically includes some sort of essay topic sentence to tie the paragraph together, and boston university 2011, the writer might also include a transitional sentence before or after the paragraph to smooth the flow of ideas. PARALANGUAGE : The non-verbal features that accompany speech and help convey meaning. For example, facial expression, gesticulation, body stance, and tone can help convey additional meaning to the spoken word; these are all examples of communication through paralanguage.

PARALLELISM : When the writer establishes similar patterns of grammatical structure and length. Good Tips For Writing A Cover. For instance, King Alfred tried to boston mba essay questions 2011, make the law clear, precise, and equitable. The previous sentence has parallel structure in use of overdue adjectives. However, the university questions following sentence does not use parallelism: King Alfred tried to make clear laws that had precision and were equitable. If the overdue writer uses two parallel structures, the result is isocolon parallelism : The bigger they are, the harder they fall. If there are three structures, it is tricolon parallelism : That government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from the earth. Or, as one student wrote, Her purpose was to impress the ignorant, to perplex the dubious, and to startle the complacent. Shakespeare used this device to good effect in university mba essay questions, Richard II when King Richard laments his unfortunate position: PARATAXIS : Rhetorically juxtaposing two or more clauses or prepositions together in strings or with few or no connecting conjunctions or without indicating their relationship to each other in contrast research paper, terms of co-ordination or subordination; i.e. a loose association of clauses as opposed to boston mba essay 2011, hypotaxis . A common form of parataxis is for writing a cover, asyndeton , in which expected conjunctions fail to appear for artistic reasons.

For example, Shipley points out how the Roman playwright Terence writes tacent; satis laudant (they are silent; that is praise enough). The normal structure with a conjunction would be tacent, et satis laudant (they are silent; and that is praise enough.) See Shipley 422-23 for this discussion and university mba essay questions, a comparison among Greek and Latin and English writers. Modern paratactic style is typically short and strong an essay, simple--like Hemingway's writing. PARATEXT (also French peritext ): In Gérard Genette's work, Paratext: Thresholds of Interpretation , Genette introduces the idea of paratext, i.e., anything external to the text itself that influences the way we read a text. These paratexts can be almost infinite in number, but they might include a list of boston mba essay 2011 other works the author has published on the front cover of a book, the gender of the author as indicated by his or her name, reviews written about the book, and editorial commentary about the work. Letter. For example, suppose the text we are reading is a fictional story about a European woman who falls in love with a Persian graduate student. That Persian student is later viciously murdered by the European woman's xenophobic father. If we see the author's name is Susan Jones we might interpret the text differently than if we saw the author's name was Achmed bin Jaffah, for university mba essay 2011 instance. Shakespeare Critical Essay. If the same author wrote a number of murder mysteries, we might be especially prone to read this new text as influenced by mba essay, that early genre work, or even expect the current text to be (rightly or wrongly) yet another murder mystery. How To On An Overdue Assignment. If we read a review calling attention to the theme of lust in a work, we might experience the book differently than if we had read a different review focusing on the theme of intolerance. All of these external cues, however, are not actually in the narrative itself we are reading.

Thus, they are paratextual. A New Critic from the 1930s would probably argue that all paratexts are irrelevant to determining the meaning of literary art, and boston university questions 2011, the paratextual should be ignored accordingly. Genette might counter that such paratexts inescapably influence our interpretation, so it would be appropriate to identify and discuss them rather than try to sweep them away. PARCHMENT : Goatskin or sheepskin used as a writing surface--the medieval equivalent of paper. A technical distinction is usually made between parchment and vellum , which is made from the hide of young calves.

As Michelle P. Good Tips Letter. Brown notes in Understanding Illuminated Manuscripts , the process for creating vellum or parchment is quite complicated: To produce parchment or vellum, the animal skins were defleshed in a bath of lime, stretched on a frame, and scraped with a lunular knife while damp. they could then be treated with pumice, whitened with a substance such as chalk, and cut to size. 2011. Differences in preparation technique seem to have occasioned greater diversity in appearance than did the type of skin pused. Parchment supplanted papyrus as the most popular writing support material in the fourth century, although it was known earlier. Good. Parchment was itself largely replaced by paper in university mba essay 2011, the sixteenth century (with the rise of printing) but remained in use for certain high-grade books. Shakespeare Sonnets Essay. (95) PARDONER : An individual licensed by the medieval church to sell papal indulgences (i.e., pardons), official documents excusing the recipient from certain acts of boston questions 2011 penitence and alleviating the sinner's punishment while in strong, purgatory . The Catholic Encyclopedia defines an indulgence as the extra-sacramental remission of the temporal punishment due to a sinner. Boston Questions. Protestant students might wish to peruse the Catholic Encyclopedia's discussion of for writing a cover letter indulgences to avoid common misconceptions and distortions.

The practice of selling these pardons as a means of mba essay questions fund-raising for the church or as a means of how to buy time on an assignment rewarding those who offered the church some service rose in prominence after the university council of Clermont in 1095. There, Pope Urban II announced sweeping indulgences would be given to any individuals willing to go on Crusade. By the fourteenth century, the practice had developed extensively, and pardoners were lay officials authorized by the pope to sell indulgences in exchange for on an overdue financial donations. Mba Essay. Ecclesiastical abuses become commonplace problems. How To. These abuses included unauthorized sales, the sale of forged pardons, extortion, and deliberate misrepresentation of the scope of an questions 2011, indulgence (i.e., treating the indulgence as a get-out-of-hell-free card).

Chaucer's Pardoner in The Canterbury Tales represents the ways to finish an essay worst excesses of pardoners during this period. PARDONS : Another term for papal indulgences. See discussion under pardoner . PARNASSIAN POETS : An aestheticist, mid-19th-century, Russian and French school of poets that advocated art for its own sake and emphasized sensual and vivid imagery divorced from emotional content (Harkins 275). University 2011. The term Parnassian refers to Mount Parnassus in Greece. The toponymic name alludes to the way they often adopted themes from classical Greek mythology and philosophy (275). PARODOS : In Greek tragedy, the ceremonial entrance of the chorus. Critical Essay. Usually the chorus at boston university mba essay questions 2011, this time chants a lyric relating to the main theme of the play. PARODY (Greek: beside, subsidiary, or mock song): A parody imitates the contrast research paper serious manner and characteristic features of a particular literary work in mba essay, order to make fun of shakespeare sonnets those same features. Boston University Mba Essay Questions. The humorist achieves parody by exaggerating certain traits common to the work, much as a caricaturist creates a humorous depiction of a person by contrast research paper, magnifying and calling attention to the person's most noticeable features. The term parody is often used synonymously with the more general term spoof , which makes fun of the general traits of a genre rather than one particular work or author.

Often the university mba essay 2011 subject-matter of a parody is comically inappropriate, such as using the elaborate, formal diction of an epic to describe something trivial like washing socks or cleaning a dusty attic. Aristotle attributes the first Greek parody to Hegemon of Thasos in good tips for writing letter, The Poetics , though other writings credit the playwright Hipponax with the university 2011 first creation of theatrical parody. Anthesis. Aristophanes makes use of parody in The Frogs (in which he mocks the style of boston mba essay 2011 Euripides and buy time assignment, Aeschylus). Plato also caricatures the style of boston university various writers in the Symposium . In the Middle Ages, the on an overdue assignment first well-known English parody is questions 2011, Chaucer's Sir Thopas, and Chaucer is homework hulman, himself the basis of parodies written by Alexander Pope and W. W. Skeat. Cervantes creates a parody of medieval romance in university mba essay questions 2011, Don Quixote . Rabelais creates parodies of similar material in Gargantua and ways an essay, Pantagruel. Boston Questions. Erasmus parodies medieval scholastic writings in Moriae Encomium . In Shamela (1741), Henry Fielding makes a parody of Samuel Richardson's novel Pamela by turning the virtuous serving girl into a spirited and sexually ambitious character who merely uses coyness and false chasteness as a tool for snagging a husband. In Joseph Andrews (1742), Henry Fielding again parodies Samuel Richardson's novel Pamela , this time by replacing Richardson's sexually beleaguered heroine, Pamela, with a hearty male hero who must defend his virtue from the sexually voracious Lady Booby. In the Romantic period, Southey, Wordsworth, Browning, and Swinburne were the victims of far too many parodies in far too many works to list here.

See also mock epic , satire , and spoof . PAROLE (French, speech): In Ferdinand de Saussure's theory of semiology, parole is the use of language--i.e., manifestations of actual speech and homework help rose, writing. Boston Mba Essay. Parole contrasts with langue , the strong ways an essay invisible underlying system of language that makes parole possible. PARONOMASIA : The technical Greek term for what English-speakers commonly refer to as a pun. See extended discussion under pun , below. PART (Latin partum , a piece): An actor's role in questions 2011, a play, the character the of soybean actor portrays or pretends to mba essay questions, be. The term comes from Renaissance drama. Research Paper. Since it was too expensive in mba essay, Shakespeare's day to compare contrast research paper, print playbooks for mba essay 2011 every single actor involved in a play, penny-pinching acting companies would only give each actor a roll of paper called a part; the part would list the dialogue for one character and how to on an overdue, all the cues belonging to that character (Greenblatt 1140).

The term role , synonymous with part, is similarly derived from boston university, such rolls of paper ( ibidem ). PARTIYNOST (Russian, Party-Spirit): In Communist Russian, the requirement that literature must identify and tips for writing a cover, be compatible with the methods and goals of the dominent political party, as Lenin advocated (Harkins 275). Any other literature, according to boston mba essay questions 2011, the Communist Russian censors, was merely bourgeois decadence in art (275). PARTITIVE : One of several possible numbering systems in a language's grammar. For a discussion of homework help hulman partitives, see multiplicatives . PARTS OF SPEECH : The traditional eight divisions or categories for words as described by the Latin grammarian Aelius Donatus around 350 CE, which he is turn borrowed from earlier Greek categories.

In English, these are slightly modified: English Parts of Speech: Interjections are usually treated as a separate category from the other parts of university 2011 speech. Donatus' Latin Parts of Speech : PARTIBLE SUCCESSION : The opposite of primogeniture , partible succession is the practice in which all the children share equally in an inheritance. Under this legal system, if a property-owner or king dies, the deceased's lands, money, or kingdom would be split into equal shares for each surviving child. While this policy is in some ways more fair than primogeniture, in which eldest child takes all, it does result in the fragmentation of estates or sometimes entire kingdoms. In the late medieval period, primogeniture was the common practice in much of Europe and Britain, but in the early dark ages, partible succession was notoriously common among some Celtic tribes in England and the Merovingian and Frankish tribes of France and Germany.

This practice is behind King Lear's sycophantic games in critical, the first act of King Lear , as the play is set in ancient Celtic times, though the subplot about Edgar involves the much later later practice of primogeniture. PASSUS (Latin, step): William Langland uses the boston university mba essay 2011 term passus to refer to each numbered subdivision of his poem, The Vision of Piers Plowman . The idea is each section is a step toward salvation or spiritual truth. Cf. canto and fit . PASTORAL (Latin pastor , shepherd): An artistic composition dealing with the life of shepherds or with a simple, rural existence. It usually idealized shepherds' lives in order to create an image of peaceful and uncorrupted existence. More generally, pastoral describes the simplicity, charm, and how to on an overdue assignment, serenity attributed to university mba essay questions 2011, country life, or any literary convention that places kindly, rural people in nature-centered activities. The Greek Theocritus (316-260 BCE) first used the convention in rose, his Idylls , though pastoral compositions also appear in Roman literature, in Shakespeare's plays, and in the writings of the Romantic poets. Boston Questions. Typically, pastoral liturgy depicts beautiful scenery, carefree shepherds, seductive nymphs, and rural songs and dances. Conventional names for the shepherds and nymphs come from tips, bastardized Latin nicknames such as Mopsy, Flopsy, and boston university, Dorcas (from Mopsius , Doricas , etc.). See also pastoral elegy under elegy . PATHETIC FALLACY : A type of of soybean often accidental or awkward personification in which a writer ascribes the human feelings of his or her characters to inanimate objects or non-human phenomena surrounding them in boston mba essay questions 2011, the natural world.

J. A. Cuddon (692) notes the phrase first appears in John Ruskin's Modern Painters , Volume 3, Part IV, an 1856 publication. For Ruskin, the term is derogatory. An example might be Coleridge's Christabel , in which we read of a dancing autumn leaf: The one red leaf, the last of its clan. That dances as often as dance it can. For Ruskin, only the greatest of poets can get away with it. Aside from the negative connotations, the term is more or less synonymous with personification . PATHOS (Greek, emotion): In its rhetorical sense, pathos is a writer or speaker's attempt to sonnets critical essay, inspire an emotional reaction in an audience--usually a deep feeling of suffering, but sometimes joy, pride, anger, humor, patriotism, or any of a dozen other emotions. You can read more about rhetorical uses for university questions 2011 pathos here. In its critical sense, pathos signifies a scene or passage designed to evoke the feeling of pity or sympathetic sorrow in a reader or viewer.

PATRISTIC PERIOD (from Latin Pater , father): The time of the church fathers, i.e., the time of the early Church and the Church's first theologians, running through the last days of the sonnets apostles through the boston university questions 2011 time of Saint Augustine's conversion and how to buy time on an overdue assignment, Saint Jerome's compilation of the Bible in the fourth and fifth centuries after Christ. The patristic period appears on the tail-end of the Classical Roman Period, and it marks the beginning of the boston university mba essay 2011 Medieval Period. Click here to download a PDF handout that puts these periods in chronological order. PATROLOGIA GRAECA : See discussion under Patrologia Latina , below. PATROLOGIA LATINA : A famous (or perhaps in famous) scholarly collection of 228+ fat volumes of tips for writing biblical and theological commentary that has been both a boon and bane to twentieth-century medieval scholarship.

The Patrologia Graeca reproduces a series of Greek writings from the patristic and questions, medieval Christian writers, while the Patrologia Latina covers the same sort of ways to finish an essay material in Latin sources. Mba Essay. These works are often not available in print in homework help rose, any other texts. This collection, known familiarly as the PL or the university mba essay Migne (after one of its French editors), includes vast quantities of theological interpretations, Biblical exegesis, typological and anti-typological discussion, medieval treatises on hagiography , medieval medicine, lapidary lore, and oodles of relevant materials necessary for students seeking to understand the medieval world and medieval literature. Unfortunately, the material is all in Latin, with facing French translations, which makes it less useful for English-speakers hindered by linguistic inabilities. Additionally, a series of editors compiled the volumes of the PL and they did not follow the sonnets same system of cataloging and organization as their predecessors. The result is a confusing mishmash that requires four volumes of indices and an additional index to boston questions 2011, the indices. Four generations of scholars have blessed the PL as an astonishing and ambitious collection of medieval lore, while simultaneously cursing it as a devilish, misorganized amalgam riddled with errors, typos, and blunders in sonnets, pagination. The PL is being displaced from its throne by the Corpus Christianorum , an boston university mba essay questions 2011, electronic collection superseding the strong ways to finish older half-edited material. However, major research libraries at this time are more likely to have an old, dusty set of shelves devoted to the PL than to have an expensive, computerized copy of the Corpus Christianorum . For a student of medieval literature who can speak Latin, the mba essay questions best starting spot is the index to the indices, and from there work one's way backward.

If any readers find a library that is about to throw away or sell its copies of the PL, please contact me at I would like to have a copy myself, provided I can find a room large enough to store all 228 of these books. PATRONAGE (from Latin pater , father): The act of giving financial or political support to an artist. A person who provides financial support for an artist is buy time overdue, known as a patron regardless of his or her gender. Sometimes patrons might seek to glorify their families or their countries. For instance, the Emperor Augustus was a patron for Virgil. Virgil wrote The Aeneid with the deliberate goal of rousing Roman patriotism for boston university mba essay questions 2011 the Augustan regime.

Patronage was also a common way for aristocrats or wealthy merchants to flaunt their wealth and simultaneously give something of value to their community. Help Rose Hulman. The De Medici family in Florence, for instance, provided patronage to famous Italian sculptors, poets, architects, and painters. In England, John of Gaunt and Richard II both served as patrons for Chaucer at 2011, various points in his career. Many literary works are dedicated to a patron. For instance, Shakespeare's early printed anthologies of sonnets are dedicated to compare research paper, a mysterious patron, W. H. 2011. In Renaissance drama, acting companies were required to have an important noble or royal family member as a patron, for how to assignment actors not in the service of such illustrious individuals were punishable as vagabonds and tramps. Authorized acting companies were thus referred to as their patrons' Men or Servants. For most of Shakespeare's dramatic career, his acting company was first known as the Lord Chamberlain's Men. After Queen Elizabeth died, the name was changed to the King's Men in 1603, when King James I ascended the throne and took up patronage of the company. PEACE-WEAVER : In Anglo-Saxon culture, a woman who is married to a member of an enemy tribe to establish a peace-treaty or end a blood-feud without paying wergild . This was a vital role for boston university mba essay 2011 women in hulman, Anglo-Saxon custom--but probably also a stressful and dangerous responsibility. Boston University 2011. Hildeburh and Freawaru in ways to finish an essay, Beowulf and the speaker of The Wife's Lament are probably examples of boston mba essay questions 2011 characters in Old English literature who are peace-weavers. PEASANTS' REVOLT : Also known as Wat Tyler's Rebellion , this uprising occurred in 1387 when lower-class Londoners and workers from the surrounding areas, fed up with repressive government measures such as the Labor Statutes of 1351, marched on London and incinerated the Savoy palace belonging to John of Gaunt and damaged property belonging to other noblemen, appealing directly to the young king, Richard II, for his intervention.

The rebels burned unfavorable contracts and records of debt. They also lynched a number of competing foreign workers from help rose, Flanders along with government officials whom they blamed for their economic woes. Boston Mba Essay 2011. According to legend, they chanted, When Adam delved and Eve span, who was then the gentleman? (i.e., when Adam and Eve first existed, who was an anthesis of soybean, aristocrat?) The revolt is commonly associated with Lollards, with John Ball's proto-communist doctrines, and with other disruptive religious groups in England. At the time of their march on London, they passed directly beneath Chaucer's residence. References to this rebellion appear directly or obliquely in university mba essay 2011, several Middle English writers' works, including Gower and Langland. PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL : Also called a refereed journal , a juried publication , a scholarly journal , or a critical journal , a peer-reviewed journal is a periodical publication with strict standards for accuracy and an essay, clear thinking. Only peer-reviewed journals are considered suitable sources for academic research by university questions 2011, college students.

Most are published two to critical essay, four times a year. These publications are held in such high esteem because, when an article is submitted for publication, it is passed on to two or three other experts in the field; they in turn critique the author's thinking and check the article's claims and facts to make sure it is as accurate as possible and (theoretically) free from distorting political, religious, ideological bias; citation errors; logical fallacies; and misattributions. University Mba Essay 2011. This contrasts with a book, in which only a copy-editor or two will check for typos, but nobody challenges the author's ideas, and it contrasts even more starkly with a web page like this one, in which no official structure is consistently available to ensure scholarly accuracy let alone find all the typos. Good college students learn to use peer-reviewed journals; they do not rely on Google and web-browsing for help rose their primary information. Some of the most important peer-reviewed journals for medieval literature students in English include The Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies , Medievalia et Humanistica , Medium Aevum , Arthuriana, Medieval Studies , Neuphilologische Mitteilungen , the PMLA , Philological Quarterly , Reading Medieval Studies , Speculum , Chaucer Review , and boston university, Studies in the Age of Chaucer . The tell-tale signs of a scholarly journal are its typically copious footnotes, the strong to finish an essay absence of mba essay questions 2011 advertisements or glossy photographs, often its plain, unadorned cover, its guidelines in the back or front for scholarly submissions, and shakespeare essay, its pages, which are typically on expensive acid-free paper to ensure archival survival. Often libraries do have these journals available in questions 2011, electronic databases (such as JSTOR) that can be searched as easily and as efficiently as webpages, so students have no excuse for not using them. If you need help, contact your teacher or a reference librarian.

Bribe this helper with chocolate. PEJORATION : A semantic change in which a word gains increasingly negative connotation. For instance, the a cover letter word lewd originally referred to laymen as opposed to priests. University Mba Essay Questions 2011. It underwent pejoration to a cover, mean ignorant, then base and finally obscene, which is the only surviving meaning in Modern English usage. Boston Mba Essay Questions. The opposite of pejoration is amelioration , in which a word gains increasingly positive connotation.

Note that some older sources follow the help rose Latin etymology, and thus spell the word peioration, and pronounce the boston university questions word pee-yore-a-shun, but increasingly modern dictionaries use a j and pronounce the letter consonantally. PEN NAME : Another term for help rose hulman nom de plum e . The word indicates a fictitious name that a writer employs to conceal his or her identity. For example, Samuel Clemens used the pen name Mark Twain. Boston University Mba Essay Questions. William Sydney Porter wrote his short stories under the pen name O. Henry. Mary Ann Cross used the pen name George Eliot to buy time on an, hide that she was a female writer, just as science-fiction writer Alice Bradley Sheldon used the pen name James Tiptree, Junior. C.S.

Lewis used the pen name N.W. (Anglo-Saxon, Nat Whilk, or I know not whom) in boston university questions, some writings, including the first edition of A Grief Observed , and then played upon that by quoting the medieval authority Natvilcius in Perelandra (Duriez 147). Likewise, Ben Franklin used a variety of pen names such as Silence Do-good, Jonathan Swift once used the name Lemuel Gulliver, and so on. Writers might choose to buy time, use a pen name as a way to keep a certain name associated with certain types of boston university mba essay questions work, so that a writer might use one name for westerns and another name for science fiction novels. Contrast Research. Other authors might seek to hide their identity to boston university, avoid negative repercussions (such as hate-mail, imprisonment, lynch-mobs, or even execution--all of contrast paper these misfortunes can and do occur to authors, especially those writing in totalitarian regimes). PENNY DREADFUL : A sensational novel of crime, adventure, violence, or horror. Boston University Questions. The term is an English archaism referring to cheaply printed books bound in good for writing a cover, paper at only a few pennies' cost.

English schoolboys also called them bloods, apparently in reference to the violent content. The equivalent term in American slang is dime-novel, again referring to the cheap price, or pulp fiction, referring to the cheap wood-pulp pressed to university questions, make the paper. Overdue. My personal favorite penny dreadful from pre-1800 writing is Varney the Vampire: Or, The Feast of mba essay Blood! The title gives some indication of the content. See also dime novel . PENTAMETER : When poetry consists of five feet in each line, it is written in pentameter . Each foot has a set number of syllables. Iambs, spondees, and trochees are feet consisting of two syllables.

Thus, iambic pentameter, spondaic pentameter, and trochaic pentameter lines would have a total of shakespeare sonnets critical ten syllables. Anapests and dactyls are feet consisting of three syllables. Thus, anapestic pentameter and dactylic pentameter lines (if such lines were common) would have a total of boston mba essay questions fifteen syllables. See foot and meter . You can click here to download a handout discussing meter in greater detail. PENTATEUCH : The first five books of the Hebrew Bible--i.e., Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and of soybean, Deuteronomy. PEREVAL (Russian, The Pass): A group of Russian writers led by the critic Voronsk in boston questions 2011, 1923 and associated with the how to buy time overdue journal Red Virgin Soil (Harkins 279). This group of questions 2011 writers opposed the concept of enforced proletarian literature and the oppression of Communist conformity on shakespeare sonnets essay, writers--but the Russian authorities dissolved the group in 1932 and forced its members to merge with the Union of Soviet Writers (Harkins 279-80). PERFECT RHYME : Another term for exact rhyme or true rhyme. Boston. See exact rhyme . PERFECTING : In the Renaissance printing industry, the term perfecting refered to printing on the second side of a sheet of paper after the first side of that sheet had already been printed to anthesis of soybean, make a double-sided copy.

In the boston mba essay questions 1500s, printers would typically do the recto side of the sheet in the morning and the verso side in an essay, the afternoon or evening. By the 1700s, it became common to use two presses consecutively--one side done on the first press and the other side done on the second press. PERICOPE (Grk, section; the last two syllables rhyme with dopey): (1) In biblical studies, a story, brief passage, or selection from gospel narrative or passage found embedded inside another story, narrative, or passage. (2) Passages of gospel text inserted at the head of a homily or sermon in medieval texts. Boston University 2011. See frame narrative . PERIPHRASIS (Grk. roundabout speech): The act of intentional circumlocution, expressing a short idea with many more words than is absolutely necessary, or expressing indirectly an idea that one could express briefly and contrast, simply. J.A. Cuddon cites an example the sentence, Her olfactory system was suffering from boston university questions, a temporary inconvenience, instead of to finish an essay her nose was blocked (701).

While writers after the modern period have generally considered concision and directness admirable traits in style, some rhetorical situations may call for periphrasis. For example, writers may use periphrasis in boston university mba essay, order to avoid breaking a social taboo, in which case the of soybean periphrasis fulfills the same purpose as a euphemism . E.g., one might write he went to university mba essay questions 2011, his final rest instead of he died, which is both periphrasis and paper, a euphemism. In the 18th century, periphrasis was often considered valuable for its own sake as a means of displaying a writer's erudition or facility with language, so such writings of the time might refer to the scaly breed for reptiles or the feathered kind for boston 2011 birds in good tips for writing a cover, a manner akin to Germanic kennings (Shipley 429). If a writer or speaker uses periphrasis with the boston questions 2011 deliberate goal of for writing letter tricking, misleading, or confusing the mba essay questions 2011 audience, that act is called ambage . If periphrasis appears to have no purpose, or appears awkward and of soybean, unsuitable, or detracts from the impact of the writing, rhetoricians refer to it as perisologia , a stylistic blemish. Boston Questions 2011. If the blemish originates in homework help hulman, unnecessary repetition, the boston university mba essay questions fault is called macrologia . An example of macrologia would be they returned home into their own country from whence they had come (Shipley 365). This sentence would be briefer as they returned home. A sample passage of periphrasis is called a periphrase , not to be confused with the honophone paraphrase (Shipley 429). PERIODIC ESSAY : The forefather of modern periodicals like magazines and literary journals, these publications contained essays appearing at regular intervals (monthly, quarterly, and so on). The subject-matter varied from current events, literary criticism, social commentary, fashion, geographic and architectural features of London, childhood memories, and sonnets critical, whatever other reverie entered the author's head. Questions 2011. The essays often began with a Latin epigraph as a rhetorical flourish illustrating the contrast good taste and education of the gentleman author, a practice that has fallen out of favor in more fiercely democratic and egalitarian times.

The first literary periodicals were French. University Mba Essay Questions. They included Journals des Scavans (1665). To Finish. Italian ones followed such as Giornale de Letterati (1668). Mba Essay. English imitators included Mercurius Librarius (1668), the Athenian Mercury (1690), and the Gentleman's Journal (1692). The early 1700s was a time when the English periodic essay flourished in particular. Homework Help Rose. This time was especially important in the development of the university mba essay questions 2011 modern periodical and in the growing acceptance of the essay as a valid genre . Writers like Defoe, Addison, Steele, and Boswell either contributed frequently to these magazines or edited and strong to finish, produced their own.

The Tatler (1709), the Spectator (1711), and mba essay 2011, the Guardian (1731), all established by Addison and Steele, became profoundly influential in shaping the writing habits and publication customs of the homework help modern world. Most of these publications ran for only two or three years before vanishing, but some lasted for decades. University Questions. The Gentleman's Magazine first came out in 1731 and the last issue appeared in 1907, for how to buy time assignment instance, and boston questions 2011, the Quarterly Review (1809) was still being published as of 1991, when I last subscribed. PERIODIC SENTENCE : A long sentence that is not grammatically complete (and hence not intelligible to anthesis of soybean, the reader ) until the reader reaches the final portion of the sentence. An example is university mba essay questions 2011, this sentence by homework help, Bret Harte: The most common type of periodic sentence involves a long phrase in which the verb falls at the very end of the boston sentence after the direct object, indirect object and other grammatical necessities.

For example, For the queen, the lover, pleading always at the heart's door, patiently waits. In a non-periodic sentence , we would normally write, Always pleading at the heart's door, the lover waits patiently for the queen. The non-periodic sentence is clearer in English. It tends to overdue, follow the subject-verb-object pattern we are accustomed to. The periodic sentence is more exotic and boston university, arguably more poetic, but initially confusing. Periodic structure is particularly effective in synthetic languages (i.e. languages in which meaning does not depend on the order of words).

In such languages, a periodic sentence creates suspense or tension in ways an essay, a reader eagerly awaiting the outcome of a grammatical action. In classical Latin or Greek, periodic sentences were accordingly considered the height of boston mba essay questions 2011 dramatic style. In English, however, the result can become confusing or comic if the writer loses control, as evidenced in the work of Victorian novelist George Bulwer-Lytton, which has been much mocked by ways to finish, modern readers. Milton's employs a periodic style in Paradise Lost because he seeks boldly to imitate the features of a classical epic --including the very grammatical structure of the original Latin and Greek works he loves and emulates. Compare to anastrophe . PERIODIC STYLE : A style of university mba essay questions 2011 writing in which the sentences tend to an essay, be periodic. 2011. See discussion under periodic sentence , above. Periodic style in English is usually considered indirect or artificially artsy in comparison with the more straight-forward non-periodic style . PERIODIZATION : The division of literature into chronological categories of historical period or time as opposed to the categorization of literature according to genre , i.e., categories based on conventional features shared between works of of soybean similar type. For instance, if I were organizing my bookshelf, and I placed all the books from the early 1800s on one shelf, and all the books written in the Victorian period on the next shelf, and boston university questions, all the twentieth-century books on the last shelf, I have organized my literature by periodization . If, however, I placed all the books containing tragic drama together on one shelf, ands placed all my Western novels on another shelf, and put all the good a cover poetry collections on the last shelf, I have organized my books according to genre . (Other possible organizing principles might be alphabetical or thematic.) Periodization is not always clear. A particular author's life span might overlap with both the Victorian period and the twentieth century, for instance. Other periods--such as the postmodern and modern periods--have no clearly defined ending or beginning point.

Still, the intellectual exercise can be useful for thinking about how particular literary artists fit (or don't fit) into an era and for thinking about the zeitgeist or spirit-of-the-age in university mba essay questions 2011, which they live. PERIODS OF ENGLISH LITERATURE : The common historical eras scholars use to divide literature into comprehensible sections through periodization . Dividing literature into these sometimes arbitrary periods allows us to sonnets essay, better compare and contrast the writing, poetry, and drama produced in different ages, to university mba essay, more easily trace chains of influence from one writer to another, and to appreciate more readily the connection between historical events and intellectual trends. A few common divisions include the following: the Anglo-Saxon period, Middle English period, Renaissance period, Restoration period, Neoclassical period, Romantic period, Victorian period, Modern period , and Postmodern period. Research. No universally accepted scheme exists for mba essay questions the divisions. For instance, some editors or anthologists might lump both the Anglo-Saxon and Middle English periods together as the shakespeare sonnets essay Medieval period. Another might subdivide the Renaissance into the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods, and so on. Click here for a PDF handout listing the periods in more detail. PERIPETEIA (Also spelled peripetea , Greek for sudden change): The sudden reversal of fortune in a story, play, or any narrative in which there is an observable change in direction. In tragedy, this is often a change from stability and happiness toward the destruction or downfall of the protagonist. PERIPETY : Another term for peripeteia . See above.

The word was particularly common in older English writing. PERPETUUM CARMEN (Latin, continuous song): Ovid's twist on boston university mba essay questions, Callimachus' sarcastic description for his literary adversaries' work. Originally, in Callimachus' use, Callimachus applies the a cover letter term to boston university mba essay questions 2011, lengthy narrative poetry done poorly, as opposed to Callimachus' own work, which focuses on brief, short narratives (see Feeney xxiv). Ovid, however, takes the term and applies it paradoxically to his own work, which involves a number of short narratives worked into a single, lengthy, epic-length work. PERSONA (Plural, personae or personas ; Latin,mask): An external representation of oneself which might or might not accurately reflect one's inner self, or an homework, external representation of oneself that might be largely accurate, but involves exaggerating certain characteristics and minimizing others. One of the most famous personae is that of the speaker in Jonathan Swift's A Modest Proposal.

Here, the Irish author Swift, outraged over boston, Britain's economic exploitation of Ireland, creates a speaker who is a well-to-do English intellectual, getting on in years, who advocates raising and eating Irish children as a means of good tips letter economic advancement. Another famous persona is boston university mba essay, Geoffrey Chaucer's narrator in The Canterbury Tales , who presents himself as poetically inept and somewhat dull. Contrast with alter ego and poetic speaker . PERSONAL ENDING : In linguistics and grammar, a verb inflection that shows if the subject is ways to finish an essay, first person, second person, or third person. PERSONIFICATION : A trope in which abstractions, animals, ideas, and inanimate objects are given human character, traits, abilities, or reactions. University Questions 2011. Personification is particularly common in poetry, but it appears in shakespeare sonnets, nearly all types of artful writing. Examples include Keat's treatment of the vase in Ode on a Grecian Urn, in university 2011, which the urn is treated as a sylvan historian, who canst thus express / A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme, or Sylvia Plath's The Moon and the Yew Tree, in which the moon is a face in its own right, / White as a knuckle and terribly upset. / It drags the buy time overdue sea after it like a dark crime. When discussing the boston mba essay questions ways that animistic religions personify natural forces with human qualities, scientists refer to this process as anthropomorphizing , sometimes with derogatory overtones.

A special sub-type of personification is homework, prosopopoeia , in which an inanimate object is given the ability of human speech. Apostrophe (not to be confused with the punctuation mark) is a special type of personification in which a speaker in a poem or rhetorical work pauses to address some abstraction that is not physically present in the room. Boston University Questions 2011. See also prosopopoeia , apostrophe therianthropic , and theriomorphic . PETRARCHAN CONCEIT : A conceit used by the Italian poet Petrarch or similar to rose, those he used. In the Renaissance, English poets were quite taken with Petrarch's conceits and recycled them in their own poetry. Examples include comparing eyes to the stars or sun, hair to golden wires, lips to cherries, women to goddesses, and so on. Boston. His oxymora , such as freezing fire or burning ice, were also common. PETRASHEVSKI CIRCLE (aka Petrashevski Conspiracy ): A secret society of Russian Utopian socialists who formed in 1845 and met at the home of how to buy time on an overdue M. B. Butashevich-Petrashevski to boston university mba essay questions, read illegal socialist literature, including among its members the author Dostoyevski and the poet Pleschcheyev (Harkins 287).

In 1849, Czar Nicholas I had the circle arrested and strong ways, staged a mock drama and execution--only revealing at the last moment the group had been issued a reprieve. Instead of execution, the members of the group were sentenced to exile in Siberia or military service (287). PETRINE DOCTRINE : Roman Catholics (and pretty much all medieval Christians in western Europe) have traditionally believed the Petrine doctrine . The Petrine doctrine is the belief that Saint Peter was given special authority by university questions, Christ that has since passed on to finish an essay, to each Pope. In the Gospel narratives, Matthew 16:18-19, Christ states, You are Peter [ petrus ], the Rock [ petros ], and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it. To you I will give the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven. What you bind on earth shall be bound in boston university mba essay 2011, heaven, and what you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. (A similar verse is found in John 21:15-17.) Medieval and compare contrast research paper, modern Catholics believed the boston mba essay 2011 Archbishop of Rome (i.e., the Pope) was in direct apostolic lineage back to Saint Peter. How To Buy Time On An Assignment. That means the boston questions Archbishop who anointed the Pope had been annointed by others all the way back to Saint Peter.

Thus, the shakespeare sonnets Pope inherited the same special authority Saint Peter had. The Orthodox Greek church did not share this belief. They thought of the Pope as being the first among equals, an archbishop like any other. He did not have authority to command the boston questions whole church. The two halves of the medieval church in the West and compare paper, the East argued about this, but that was the sum of the dispute for several centuries. The differences between the two halves of the old Roman empire was exacerbated by mba essay questions, the differences in language as well (Western Europe spoke Latin, but the Eastern half of the empire spoke Greek.) See also schism . PHALLIC (from Greek phallos , penis): A phallic symbol or phallus is a sexualized representation of tips for writing male potency, power, or domination--particularly through some object vaguely reminiscent of the penis. Common phallic symbols include sticks, staves, swords, clubs, towers, trees, missiles, and rockets. Contrast with a yonic symbol. See also herm . PHANOPOEIA : Ezra Pound's term for one of boston mba essay questions 2011 three techniques to create charged language. In this case, phanopoeia is a word that creates visual imagery, or as Pound states, You use a word to good, throw a visual image on to the boston university 2011 reader's imagination (37).

See also melopoeia and logopoeia. PHATIC COMMUNICATION : Exchanges or conversation designed primarily not to transmit information, but rather to reinforce social bonds, signal the beginning or end of a conversation, or engage in ritual activities. For instance, if we pass a stranger in the hallway and say, Hi, howya doing? and pass on after a nod, the linguistic exchange was not an rose, actual request for data, but merely a politeness acknowledging the boston 2011 other's presence. Similarly, thanks for stopping by or you're welcome, come again are all social lubricants to anthesis of soybean, ease the transition to and from ritual activity rather than attempts at factual communication. Phatic communication is the term for this phenomenon. PHILOLOGY (Greek, Love of boston university mba essay questions 2011 words): Not to be confused with philosophy (see below), philology was an important but now somewhat dated field of study in the 19th and early 20th century. Shakespeare Sonnets Critical Essay. It covered the topics of literary studies, linguistics, folklore, and mythology. Philologists were the ones who reconstructed proto-Indo-European, developed comparative mythology, deciphered the relationships between modern languages, and compiled records of regional folklore, fairy tales, and boston university mba essay, mythology before they vanished into modernity. This large and unwieldy field eventually split apart and become the academic fields we know today as separate entities (i.e., the research paper distinct degrees of literature, lingustics, folklore, and so forth).

Few colleges offer degrees in philology today (Oxford being a notable exception), but in the first half of the twentieth century, J.R.R. Boston University Mba Essay Questions 2011. Tolkien was the primary philologist in the Inklings , which sometimes became a source of tension. Good Tips Letter. C. S. Lewis apparently distrusted philology's obsession with source texts, and in his diary, when Lewis first met Tolkien, Lewis wrote, he [Tolkien] is a philologist. No harm in him: only needs a good smack or two. PHILOSOPHY (Greek, Love of wisdom): The methodical and mba essay questions, systematic exploration of what we know, how we know it, and why it is paper, important that we know it. Too frequently, students use the term somewhat nebulously. They often mistakenly state, My philosophy about X is university questions, . . An Essay. . Mba Essay Questions 2011. when they really mean, My opinion about X is . . . or My attitude toward X is . . Strong Ways. . Boston University Mba Essay 2011. Traditional areas of compare research Western philosophic inquiry include the following areas. PHOBOS (Grk, fear): The emotional purgation of negative feelings known as catharsis involved, according to Aristotle's Poetics , two emotions: eleos (pity) and phobos (fear).

If the audience did not feel pity for the tragic hero in a play, or feel fear at boston university mba essay, his downfall, the play failed in its purpose. See discussion under catharsis . PHONEME : The smallest sound or part of a spoken word that serves as a building block in a larger syllable or word, and how to buy time overdue, which cannot be broken down further into smaller constitutive sounds. Phonetic transcription always indicates the mba essay questions 2011 spoken rather than the ways to finish written word. This term contrasts with graphemes (the letters or smallest written symbols that count as a unit of an alphabet) and morphemes (smallest units that have meaning-- either written or spoken). For instance, in the word rerun , the morphemes are re- and run . Though the u- or the r- by themselves are not meaningful sounds like a full morpheme, they cannot be broken down or reduced into any smaller sounds, and thus they are phonemes--the smallest possible sounds in boston university, English. Linguists often transcribe English words into phonetic markings to indicate subtle differences in accent, pronunciation, etc., which may or may not correspond to the graphemes (the markings we use to compare paper, symbolize sounds--i.e., the boston mba essay 2011 written word). When they do so, they often enclose the phonetic symbols in compare paper, slashes /laik ∂ Is/ and mba essay 2011, enclose the graphic markings in good tips letter, chevrons like this so the reader can tell whether that linguist is questions 2011, discussing the on an overdue assignment spoken form of the word or the written form of the university mba essay questions word.

Contrast with grapheme and morpheme . PHONETIC FULCRUM: Jake Carrick's term for a sentence with two parts of opposite sounds, with a pivot in the middle separating the two sections. An example from Bram Stoker's Dracula : Broken battlements showed a jagged line across the moonlit sky. The distinction here is the first half of the sentence uses hard consonance, but after jagged, the sentence's alliteration shifts to liquid and shakespeare sonnets critical, soft consonance (Carrick). In poetry, such a shift often falls in university mba essay 2011, the caesura, though the effect is not limited to alliterative verse. PHONETICS : The study of phonemes, or units of sound in spoken language. PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION : Written symbols that linguists use to represent speech sounds. One common transcription system is the ways an essay IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet). To see samples in PDF format, you can download IPA vowels and IPA consonants. PHONOGRAM : A written symbol that indicates a spoken sound. Mba Essay Questions 2011. Students should not confuse this term with a gramophone (an antique record-player). PHONOLOGY : According to Algeo, The units of sound (phonemes) of a language with their possible arrangements and varieties of vocal expression (329).

More generally, the study of sounds and sonnets critical essay, sound-systems in university, a language. PICARESQUE NARRATIVE : Any narrative (including short stories) that has the anthesis of soybean same traits as a picaresque novel. Boston University Mba Essay. See discussion under picaresque novel . PICARESQUE NOVEL (from Spanish picaro , a rogue or thief; also called the picaresque narrative and strong to finish an essay, the Räuberroman in university questions 2011, German): A humorous novel in homework help rose hulman, which the plot consists of a young knave's misadventures and escapades narrated in comic or satiric scenes. This roguish protagonist--called a picaro --makes his (or sometimes her) way through cunning and trickery rather than through virtue or industry. The picaro frequently travels from place to place engaging in a variety of jobs for several masters and getting into mischief. The picaresque novel is usually episodic in nature and realistic in 2011, its presentation of the seamier aspects of society. The genre first emerged in 1553 in the anonymous Spanish work Lazarillo de Tormes , and later Spanish authors like Mateo Aleman and Fracisco Quevedo produced other similar works. Ways An Essay. The first English specimen was Thomas Nashe's The Unfortunate Traveller (1594).

Probably the most famous example of the genre is French: Le Sage's Gil Blas (1715), which ensured the genre's continuing influence on literature. Other examples include Defoe's Moll Flanders , Henry Fielding's Jonathan Wild , Smollett's Roderick Random , Thomas Mann's unfinished Felix Krull , and Saul Bellow's The Adventures of Augie March . The genre has also heavily influenced episodic humorous novels as diverse as Cervantes' Don Quixote and Mark Twain's The Adventures of boston university Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of sonnets Huckleberry Finn . PICKUP SYLLABLE : Another term for the unstressed syllable in anacrusis . PIDGIN : A simplified, limited language combining features from many languages and mba essay, used among persons who share no common language amongst themselves. By definition, a pidgin language is shakespeare essay, not a native language--but rather it is one used between ethnic groups rather than within any particular single ethnic group. Mba Essay Questions 2011. However, artificial conditions (such as the compare paper enforced assimilation on slave plantations) can cause children to grow up with little use for boston mba essay questions 2011 their native tongues. This can cause the pidgin language to develop into on an overdue assignment, a much richer creole . PIECE-BIEN-FAIT : The French term for boston university questions 2011 the dramatic genre called the overdue assignment well-made play. See discussion under well-made play . PIETAS (Latin, reverance): In Roman times, pietas is the quality of boston university mba essay 2011 revering those things that deserve reverence. Buy Time On An Overdue Assignment. The word is the source for 2011 our modern English words piety and piousness (reverence toward the divine), but the how to on an overdue Latin term is boston questions 2011, far more all-embracing--indicating not only devotion to the gods, but also devotion to one's gens (family) and patria (homeland or country). Thus, it also means patriotism and familial responsibility.

In Virgil's Aeneid , one epithet frequently applied to Aeneas is anthesis, pius Aeneas , implying that Aeneas particularly embodies this quality so valued by the Romans. PILGRIMAGE : An act of boston university 2011 spiritual devotion or penance in which an anthesis of soybean, individual travels without material comforts to a distant holy place. The journey often has spiritual overtones--it may symbolize a journey to the celestial city of boston mba essay heaven or repeat the journey of a saint or biblical hero. Pilgrimage has become a prominent symbol in both Western Christian writings and Middle-Eastern Islamic writings. Sonnets Essay. John Bunyon's Pilgrim's Progress and university questions 2011, Chaucer's Canterbury Tales are two literary examples using the pilgrimage motif . P'ING HUA : A Chinese yarn or tall tale. The genre typically involves a strong narrative presence and colloquial or idiomatic Chinese. The tone is realistic, but the content is typically fantastic or hyperbolic. Contrast with the Russian skaz . PIT : In indoor theaters during the Renaissance, the most expensive and ways, prestigious bench seating was the pit--an area directly in front of the stage.

The Blackfriar's theater was one such architectural example containing a pit. In later centuries, the musical orchestra would be moved to this position. PITCH : In linguistics, a semi-musical tone or quality used in some languages to distinguish meaning. PLACE OF ARTICULATION : The point in the oral cavity where the position of boston university questions speech organs (lips, teeth, tongue, etc.) is most important for a particular sound. PLACE POEM : A poem whose subject is a specific location, such as a building, a city, a regional geographic feature like a river or hill, or a particular area of the countryside.

Examples include Percy Bysshe Shelley's Mont Blanc, William Wordsworth's Tintern Abbey, or the Galician poems of Rosalia de Castro. Contrast with occasional poem . PLAGIARISM : Accidental or intentional intellectual theft in which a writer, poet, artist, scholar, or student steals an original idea, phrase, or section of help rose writing from someone else and mba essay questions, presents this material as his or her own work without indicating the source via appropriate explanation or citation. Click here for more information. PLATONIC : In common usage, people often use the word platonic to mean intellectual rather than physical. Thus, a Platonic love-affair is one in which the couple is attracted to each other for mental or psychological qualities rather than bodily attributes. More specifically, however, Platonic philosophy is Plato's idea that behind (or above or outside) the imperfect physical world, another intangible world of abstract ideas has its own existence. Of Soybean. These abstract-but-perfect ideas (called Platonic forms ) appear only as dim outlines (or shadows) in the physical world.

For instance, Plato argues that traits such as Justice, Beauty, and Goodness theoretically exist in perfect forms. Material creatures, who cannot see or enjoy the abstract quality of Beauty itself, can only enjoy specific manifestations of questions 2011 Beauty--such as sunsets or starlight or silvery snow. Tips For Writing A Cover. What the university 2011 unenlightened do not realize is that it is ways to finish an essay, not these specific objects they should admire, but the quality of beauty behind them--the form of absolute Beauty that is eternal and boston 2011, unchanging even as specific sunsets fade and yearly snowfalls melt away. Help. Because these abstract traits remain eternal even as the physical world changes ever, Plato concludes that the Platonic forms are somehow even more real than the concrete things we see, hear, smell, touch, and taste every day. His breathtaking, nearly mystical conclusion is that the boston university mba essay questions 2011 physical world is the illusion or dream, and the world of the mind is closer to the real world of the eternal forms. Platonic thinking had profound influence on anthesis of soybean, medieval theology and boston university questions, philosophy. In C. S. Lewis's The Last Battle . Professor Digory Kirke interprets the shakespeare sonnets New Narnia of Heaven's relationship to boston university, Narnia and England as being one of Platonic forms (spiritual) and Platonic shadows (material) , and Aslan refers to the land of England and homework help, Narnia as being Shadowlands, i.e., the world of material shadows rather than spiritual realities. See also Cave, Plato's . Platonic thinking profoundly influences Plotinus, Boethius, Saint Augustine, Castiglione's The Book of the Courtier , Spenser's Hymn in Honor of Beauty, Shelley's Hymn to Intellectual Beauty, and Wordsworth's Ode on Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood . PLATONIC FORM : The permanent and perfect ideas, images, or patterns of which physical reality is boston 2011, but an imperfect or transitory symbol or expression. See discussion under Platonic for full details. PLAY : A specific piece of drama, usually enacted on a stage by diverse actors who often wear makeup or costumes to make them resemble the homework help rose character they portray.

See drama . PLEONASM : A bad habit of speech or writing in which an idea repeats itself in a single sentence, i.e., a redundancy. For example, tiny little town is a pleonasm, as opposed to tiny town or little town. Likewise, Shipley points out With mine own ears I hear his voice (429) as a pleonasm. Mba Essay 2011. Most modern style books, perhaps influenced by Hemingway, discourage pleonastic constructions as being wordy or repetitive. I also steer students away from them. Anthesis. However, pleonasms have been fashionable in university 2011, other centuries. Good Tips A Cover. Geoffrey of Vinsauf favored them in his twelfth-century style manual, the boston university 2011 Poetria Nova. Contrast Research Paper. The New Testament book of Mark happily used them, as David Smith points out (8). Consider Mark 13:33, Blepete, agrupneite! (Watch out! Be aware!) in which the author emphasizes alertness by using a pleonasm. PLOT : The structure and relationship of 2011 actions and events in a work of fiction.

In order for compare contrast research a plot to mba essay, begin, some sort of help rose catalyst is necessary. While the temporal order of events in the work constitutes the story, we are speaking of plot rather than story as soon as we look at university mba essay 2011, how these events relate to one another and how they are rendered and organized so as to achieve their particular effects. How To Buy Time On An. Note that, while it is most common for events to unfold chronologically or ab ovo (in which the first event happens first, the second event happens second, and university questions, so on), many stories structure the compare plot in such a way that the reader encounters happenings out of order. Mba Essay 2011. A common technique along this line is to critical essay, begin the mba essay questions story in the middle of the action, a technique called beginning in medias res (Latin for in the middle[s] of things). Some narratives involve several short episodic plots occurring one after the other (like chivalric romances), or they may involve multiple subplots taking place simultaneously with the main plot (as in many of Shakespeare's plays).

PLUCK BUFFET : Anthropologists suggest that pre-adolescent male children in a variety of cultures share the game of pluck buffet. To Finish An Essay. In this game, one child trades blows on the arm or chest with another to see who is bravest or toughest. Alternatively, pluck buffet also refers to any game in which two individuals challenge each other to some contest (often archery) and the loser must receive a strike from the winner. For instance, the poem Garland depicts Richard the Lion-Hearted and Robin Hood having an archery contest, and the loser must Beare a buffet on his hede. This exchange becomes an important theme in ballads like Robin Hood and Guy of Gisborne . Pluck buffet may also lie at the heart of a Celtic motif known as the trade of blows in boston mba essay questions, which one warrior agrees to trade strikes with another; in the case of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , pluck buffet takes a potentially lethal turn when Gawain and the green elf-knight play the game using giant axes. POETIC DICTION : Distinctive language used by poets, i.e., language that would not be common in their everyday speech. The most common signs of poetic diction include involve archaisms , neologisms , rhyme , and unusual figures of speech. Teachers often point to Spenser's use of sonnets critical essay words like gentil and tobraken , or Shakespeare's use of abysm and climature , or Emily Dickinson's use of thee and mba essay 2011, thine . When they ask students, why did this poet write in such a way? students often mistakenly reply, Because that's the way people talked back then. On the contrary, in the 1500s, Spenser is resurrecting language that was common in Chaucer's day in the 1300s--not the language of his own time. The words abysm and climature are made-up words Shakespeare invented from contrast research paper, abyss/chasm and climate/temperature , not words he would hear in everyday use on the London streets.

Likewise, the pronouns thou/thee/thine faded in the 1600s, long before Emily Dickinson's heyday in the 1800s. These poets chose such language precisely because it is unusual for their time--because it is different from humdrum ordinary speech. (That's what makes it striking poetry, after all.) The concept of literary decorum (and its requirement for certain genres and characters to use lofty, elevated language) also generated thick poetic diction. As M. H. Boston University Mba Essay Questions. Abrams notes in volume I of The Norton Anthology , the results were phrases such as the finny tribe for fish and strong to finish, the the bleating kind for sheep (2958). To modern poets, such phrasing might seem overblown.

The point, however, is that poetic diction is vastly different from boston questions 2011, daily speech. POETIC LICENSE : The freedom of a poet or other literary writer to depart from the norms of common discourse, literal reality, or historical truth in order to create a special effect in or for the reader. When applied to prose writers, the term is often called artistic license. Strong To Finish. Contrast with verisimilitude . POETIC JUSTICE : The phrase and the idea was coined by Thomas Rymer in the late 1600s. He claimed that a narrative or drama should distribute rewards and punishments proportionately to the virtues and villainies of each character in the story. Thus, when a particularly vicious character meets a despicable end appropriate for his crimes, we say it is poetic justice. This formula for resolving plots has fallen into mba essay, disfavor in later centuries, and hulman, no widely influential critics today advocate such a formula without qualifications. POETIC SPEAKER : The narrative or elegiac voice in a poem (such as a sonnet, ode, or lyric) that speaks of his or her situation or feelings. It is a convention in poetry that the speaker is not the same individual as the historical author of the poem. University Mba Essay Questions. For instance, consider the poet Lord Byron's mock epic Don Juan . Lord Byron wrote the poem as a young man in his late twenties.

However, the speaker of the to finish poem depicts himself as being an elderly man looking back cynically on the days of youth. Clearly, the voice talking and narrating the story is not identical with the author. In the same way, the speaker of the poem My Last Duchess characterizes himself through his words as a Renaissance nobleman in Italy who is cold-blooded--quite capable of murdering a wife who displeases him--but the author of the poem was actually Robert Browning, a mild-mannered English poet writing in the early nineteenth-century. Many students (and literary critics) attempt to decipher clues about the author's own attitudes, beliefs, feelings, or biographical details through the words in a poem. However, such an activity must always be done with caution. Shakespeare may write a sonnet in which the poetic speaker pours out his passion for a woman with bad breath and wiry black hair (Sonnet 130), but it does not necessarily mean that Shakespeare himself was attracted to halitosis, or that his wife had black hair, or that he had a fling with such a woman. Boston. In fact, it is homework help hulman, a convention in some genres , such as the medieval visio or dream vision, that the poetic speaker is a dull, imperceptive caricature of the author. See also authorial voice and dream vision , above. POETRY : A variable literary genre characterized by rhythmical patterns of mba essay questions language. These patterns typically consist of patterns of meter (regular patterns of high and low stress), syllabification (the number of syllables in each line of text), rhyme , alliteration , or combinations of these elements.

The poem typically involves figurative language such as schemes and tropes, and the poem may bend (or outright break) the conventions of how to on an overdue assignment normal communicative speech in the attempt to embody an original idea or convey a linguistic experience. Boston University Questions. Many modern students mistakenly believe that rhyme is the dominant feature separating poetry from strong, prose (non-poetic) writings. However, rhyme is actually a fairly recent addition to poetry. Boston University 2011. In classical Greece and Rome, meter was the trait that separated poetry from ways an essay, prose. POEISIS (from Greek poieo , to university mba essay questions 2011, make): In Plato's Symposium , this term refers to act of creating or making something--both in contrast, the biological act of procreation and in the realm of the mba essay 2011 mind. It covers the action itself as well as the moment of transition where one thing becomes something new, and encompasses, as the how to on an overdue assignment character Diotima argues in The Symposium, all of the mba essay following (1) natural poiesis or reproductive sexuality, (2) poiesis in a city through the attainment of worthy fame, and (3) poiesis in the soul through virtuous habits and moral education. The word is related to help rose hulman, the root of the modern English word poetry . POINT OF VIEW : The way a story gets told and who tells it. It is the university 2011 method of narration that determines the position, or angle of vision, from which the story unfolds. Point of view governs the reader's access to the story. Strong To Finish An Essay. Many narratives appear in the first person (the narrator speaks as I and boston university questions, the narrator is to finish, a character in the story who may or may not influence events within it). Another common type of narrative is the third-person narrative (the narrator seems to be someone standing outside the story who refers to all the characters by name or as he , she , they , and boston university mba essay questions, so on).

When the narrator reports speech and homework rose hulman, action, but never comments on the thoughts of other characters, it is the dramatic third person point of view or objective point of view. The third-person narrator can be omniscient --a narrator who knows everything that needs to be known about the agents and events in the story, and mba essay questions, is free to move at will in time and place, and who has privileged access to a character's thoughts, feelings, and motives. The narrator can also be limited --a narrator who is confined to what is experienced, thought, or felt by a single character, or at most a limited number of a cover characters. Finally, there is the unreliable narrator (a narrator who describes events in the story, but seems to make obvious mistakes or misinterpretations that may be apparent to boston university mba essay questions 2011, a careful reader). Unreliable narration often serves to characterize the narrator as someone foolish or unobservant. See also authorial voice . POINT OF VIEW CHARACTER : The central figure in a limited point of view narration, the character through whom the reader experiences the author's representation of the world. See point of view , above. POLIS (Greek, City): The Greek city-state, a small, independent government consisting of a single town and to finish, its immediate environs. Some of university mba essay these city-states were democracies in which every male citizen voted on every government action. Others were oligarchies in which a few rich or aristocratic families cooperated and compare contrast paper, shared powers.

Others were dictatorships in which a single military leader came to power. The two most influential city-states were Athens and Sparta. They eventually rose to power over their neighbors through combinations of alliances and conquests. Athens was famous for its culture and university questions, art and shakespeare, intellectual life. Sparta was famous for university mba essay its toughness and sonnets, its martial lifestyle. POLYGENESIS : The theory that, if two similar stories, words, or images appear in two different geographic regions or languages, they are actually unrelated to boston university mba essay, each other. Each one arose independently. For an analogy, in both early Mayan architecture and in Egyptian architecture, pyramids are striking engineering features. However, since no contact took place between the two cultures, archeologists believe each group invented the design independently rather than adopting it from a single source (such as one group borrowing it from the other). Circumstances such as the lack of mortar, concrete, or flying buttresses ensured that both Mayans and Egyptians would come up with a wide-base structure to compare, support any large edifice--leading to pyramid designs by default.

In the university same way, similar legends appear across the shakespeare essay world even when each group has no contact with others. University Mba Essay 2011. Many cultures that master metallurgy create legends or myths about crippled smiths (witness Hephaestus or Vulcan in Greco-Roman myth, Weiland in Norse and Germanic legend, and Silverhand in homework hulman, Celtic stories). Cultures that do not master metal-smithing do not create crippled craftsmen-gods in their pantheons. This lack can be explained by the theory of polygenesis. Men who are crippled cannot join the university 2011 hunters in gathering food or join the farmers in of soybean, digging irrigation ditches, so they tend to stay in the village and work as craftsmen, developing skills that ultimately seem magical to the untrained without these years of university mba essay 2011 experience. However, the archetype of the crippled craftsman/god does not appear in cultures without the technology of metal-working. In the research same way, flood-narratives appear across many cultures--Noah's flood in the Judeo-Christian tradition as well as in Welsh, Chaldean, and Greek legends. Fundamentalist Christian interpretations accordingly see this as evidence of a literal flood occurring world-wide. Scholars of myth would argue that myths of a universal flood appear only in mba essay questions, cultures that experience flooding regularly as a natural disaster. Aborigines in the Australian outbreak or desert-dwelling tribesmen do not share such a legend, for instance.

This leads to the idea that these flood-narratives arose independently in buy time assignment, different places through polygenesis. University. See also archetype . Contrast with monogenesis . POLYSYLLABIC : Having more than one syllable. POLYSYNDETON : Using many conjunctions to achieve an overwhelming effect in a sentence. For example, This term, I am taking biology and English and history and good a cover, math and music and physics and sociology. All those and s make the boston student sound like she is completely overwhelmed. Help. It is boston university mba essay, the opposite of asyndeton . Both polysyndeton and asyndeton are examples of rhetorical schemes. For a literary example of polysyndeton, click here. POLYTHEISM : The belief in multiple deities--usually non-omniscient and non-omnipotent--in contrast with the idea of a single all-powerful deity. POMP É : In classical Greco-Roman culture, many major festivals were marked by a pompé . A pompé was a combination of a parade, pilgrimage, and religious procession.

Worshippers would don special garb, line up in of soybean, rows by the thousands, and then travel through the boston questions city or from one holy site to shakespeare sonnets essay, another (such as from the Parthenon to the site of the Eleusinian mysteries). The most important pompé in Athens celebrated Athena's birthday. On this day, her shrine would be cleaned and scrubbed, and the cult statue would be physically carried or carted in a procession leading to the Aegean, where it would be cleansed with sea-water and given a new peplos (woman's cloak) to wear for the upcoming year. POOH-POOH HYPOTHESIS : In linguistics, the idea that language began as emotional outbursts or surprised exclamations; contrast with the bow-wow theory , the ding-dong theory , and the yo-he-ho theory . PORTRAIT EN CREUX : A rhetorical or literary device in which a writer mentions an boston mba essay, absence to good tips for writing, evoke the counterpart presence. This is the verbal equivalent of negative space in sculpture or painting.

POSTMODERNISM : A general (and often hotly debated) label referring to the philosophical, artistic, and literary changes and tendencies after the 1940s and university, 1950s up to the present day. We can speak of postmodern art, music, architecture, literature, and poetry using the same generic label. The tendencies of postmodernism include (1) a rejection of anthesis of soybean traditional authority, (2) radical experimentation--in some cases bordering on gimmickry, (3) eclecticism and multiculturalism, (4) parody and pastiche, (5) deliberate anachronism or surrealism, and (6) a cynical or ironic self-awareness (often postmodernism mocks its own characteristic traits). In many ways, these traits are all features that first appeared in modernism , but postmodernism magnifies and intensifies these earlier characteristics. It also seems to boston questions 2011, me that, while modernism rejected much of tradition, it clung to science as a hopeful and objective cure to the past insanities of shakespeare sonnets critical history, culture and superstition.

Modernism hoped to tear down tradition and longed to build something better in its ruins. Postmodernism, on the other hand, is often suspicious of scientific claims, and boston mba essay, often denies the possibility or desirability of establishing any objective truths and shared cultural standards. It usually embraces pluralism and spurns monolithic beliefs, and it often borders on solipsism. While modernism mourned the passing of unified cultural tradition, and wept for its demise in the ruined heap of civilization, so to speak, postmodernism tends to dance in the ruins and play with the fragments. Some of the new literary movements growing from postmodernism include the darker or horrific tales of how to overdue science fiction, neo-Gothic literature, late twentieth-century horror stories, concrete poetry, magic realism , Theater of the Absurd, and 2011, so on. Finally, postmodernism is often used loosely and interchangeably with the critical movements following post-structuralism--the growing realms of Marxist, materialist, feminist, and psychoanalytical approaches to literature that developed during and after the 1970s. To see where postmodernism fits into a chronology of literary movements, click here for a PDF handout.

POSTPOSITIVE : A function word--often a preposition--that must come after its object rather than before it. By definition, a postpositive word or phrase cannot begin a sentence. Strong An Essay. Several words in boston university mba essay questions 2011, Latin and Greek are postpositives. POST-STRUCTURALISM : A collective and loose term for homework help rose any of the literary theories appearing after the structuralist movement in linguistics--including Derrida's infamous concept of deconstruction . The more radical poststructuralists attempt to boston university mba essay questions, subvert, question, or eliminate common concepts accepted before the structuralist movement--like individual identity, the subconscious mind, rules for social interaction, and so on. PREFIX : A morpheme added to the beginning of a word. For instance, the prefix re- can be added to the word play to create the word replay . PREQUEL (formed from the prefix pre - and the root word sequel ): A novel, play, film, or other narrative usually written after the popular success of an earlier work but set before the events in homework help rose hulman, that successful earlier work, and incorporating characters, settings, and situations with which the audience is already familiar. Contrast with sequel and series . PRE-RAPHAELITE : Pre-Raphaelitism, or the Pre-Raphaelite movement, begins in 1848 as a protest against conventional art and boston mba essay questions, literature. A band of young London artists, poets, and intellectuals formed a brotherhood dedicated to re-creating the type of how to overdue assignment medieval art existing before the Renaissance . Mba Essay Questions 2011. Hence, they took their name from Raphael (1483-1520), the earliest major Renaissance artist in Italy. Like the strong ways to finish Romantic poets, Pre-Raphaelites wished to regain the spirit of simple devotion and adherence to nature.

Hence, they rejected modernity, mass production, and questions, urbanization. Typical Pre-Raphaelite writings involve an interest in chivalry , courtly love , ballads , archaic diction, pictorial qualities and visual imagery. The first Pre-Raphaelites included Dante Gabriel Rossetti (the ringleader), William Holman Hunt, William Michael Rossetti, Thomas Woolner, James Collinson, John Everett Millais, and Frederick George Stephens initially. The movement later grew to include or influence Dante Rossetti's sister, the poet Christina Rossetti; William Morris, the craftsman and writer; the author Swinburne, and how to buy time overdue assignment, Burne-Jones the artist. In 1850, they formed their own literary journal, The Germ , to propagate their views and writings. Click here to boston, download a PDF file of Christina Rossetti's poem, A Birthday, to sample the diction and style of Pre-Raphaelite poetry. PRE-ROMANTICISM : The first phase of the Romantic movement in European literature of the strong late 1700s and early 1800s. Harkins labels its main traits as greater freedom in expression of personal feelings, a new interest in landscape, the cultivation of boston mba essay questions medieval, chivalric themes as well as . . . the strong ways to finish supernatural, and boston, the melancholy mood of 'graveyard' poetry (309). See Romanticism for further details. PRESCRIPTIVIST : A grammatical treatise or a lexicon is a cover, said to mba essay 2011, be prescriptivist if it has the rose goal of fashioning guidelines or rules for grammar, spelling, and word use, as opposed to describing unjudgmentally how a group of people tend to use language. Contrast with descriptivist . PRESS VARIANT : Unlike a deliberately revised edition printed at a later date, a press variant is a minor and usually unintentional variation among books printed in the same edition or print run.

Greenblatt notes they usually result from boston university questions 2011, corrections made in sonnets, the course of printing or from slipped type (1142). PRIESTLY TEXT (Also called the P Text or the Priestly Document ): In biblical scholarship, this refers to material in Genesis and the Hebrew Bible that probably appeared during a late period of editing--in contrast with the older J Text and boston university 2011, E Text . The name P Text comes from Priestly Text. Priests probably incorporated this material during or soon after the Babylonian exile of 587 BCE--though possibly as recently as 450 BCE. (Some scholars in the minority argue that portions of the material might date pre-exilicly from the late eighth/early seventh century BCE during Hezekiah's reign, but this stance is not widely held.) At the time of the exile, the Judaic priests were probably desperate to rose hulman, retain their unique monotheistic beliefs in the face of overwhelming Babylonian influence, but they also faced the challenge of harmonizing their world view with that of Babylonian tradition. At this point, many Aramaic (aka Chaldee) loanwords appear in the Hebrew text and they are incorporated into the Hebrew Bible thereafter. This influence explains why today most biblical concordances and dictionaries (such as the 1979 version of Strong's Comprehensive Concordance of the Bible ) refer to boston university mba essay questions, their Hebrew sections as a Concordance of Hebrew and Chaldean, a Hebrew and Chaldee Dictionary, or a Hebrew and Aramaic Dictionary. Christ will still be using some Aramaic terms 400 years later in strong, the New Testament gospels, which show how influential and long-lasting the linguistic effects of the boston university mba essay questions 2011 Exile were on the Hebrew vocabulary.

Biblical scholars think that Genesis 1:1-2:3 and homework rose hulman, other sections such as Genesis 6 come from the P Text, and these are probably the boston university 2011 latest additions to contrast research paper, the Genesis account. Boston University Mba Essay Questions 2011. The foreign loanwords mean these sections couldn't have been written before coming into contact with the Chaldeans--at least not in the form in of soybean, which they come down to boston mba essay questions 2011, us today in surviving manuscripts. Some features of the contrast research paper P text include a stress on ritual observances such as the Sabbath, circumcision, and boston university mba essay questions 2011, dietary taboos believed to be late additions to the religious tradition. Other features of the P text--such as the details of the Passover ritual, ordination ceremonies, and descriptions of the good for writing letter tabernacle--appear to have come from now lost older manuscript traditions after being updated and modified in boston university questions 2011, the P tradition. Tips For Writing A Cover. Finally, the P text is university, marked the prominence it gives to research, Aaron (as opposed to the dominant role of Moses in university, the J and E texts), the account of Moses' death in Deuteronomy, the legal materials of Leviticus and Numbers, and a series of shakespeare critical essay genealogies showing some influence from Mesopotamian sources. If students are reading a study Bible like the Anchor Bible series, the editors helpfully mark which sections come from the J, E, and university 2011, P Texts. PRIMARY SOURCE : Literary scholars distinguish between primary sources , secondary sources , and educational resources . Students should also. To understand the difference, click here. PRIMOGENITURE : The late medieval custom of allowing the first born legitimate male child to inherit all of shakespeare sonnets critical his father's properties, estates, wealth, and titles upon the father's death. Primogeniture was a key issue in determining succession to the royal throne, and it plays an important part in Edmund's villainy in King Lear , in King Henry V's claim to the French throne in Henry V , and in many other Shakespearean plays.

In medieval times, primogeniture lead to mba essay 2011, huge social problems since Western Europe was producing large numbers of anthesis second born militarily trained knights who had no means of making a livelihood. Since the firstborn son inherited everything, the only legitimate option for the other sons was becoming celibate and then joining the church hierarchy as clerics or entering monasteries. Since this was not always a preferable option for boston mba essay 2011 hot-blooded young men, many involved themselves in coups to gain the family estate, took up lives of brigandage, or became mercenaries and wandered from one war to another seeking their fortunes. When Pope Urban II called the homework rose hulman first crusade to boston university questions 2011, reclaim Jerusalem, the church saw that part of the solution to this problem was to provide a legitimate arena of warfare for these dispossessed knights. The opposite custom of dividing inheritance is known as partible succession . PRINTING PRESS : Chinese and Japanese inventors developed simple printing techniques centuries earlier in monasteries, but in the 1440s and 1450s, Europe developed printing independently. Strong To Finish An Essay. Even though forerunners of the printed book might have existed in university, Holland, the most important developments were in Mainz, Germany, where Indulgence was printed in of soybean, 1454, and the Gutenberg Bible in 1456. John of Gutenberg is questions 2011, credited with the critical essay invention by fifteenth-century writers, and the invention spread rapidly to university 2011, Italy, France, Holland, and other countries.

William Caxton set up a printing press in Europe (Bruges) in 1475, and sonnets, there printed the first book in English, The Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye . Returning to England in 1476, Caxton set up his second printing press in Westminster. He next printed a number of Latin texts before printing in boston, English the homework Dicts or Sayings of the questions 2011 Philosophers (1477), Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (1483), Malory's Le Morte Darthur (1485), and others for about a hundred titles in for writing, total. His assistant, Wynkyn de Worde, took over the business after Caxton's death and published perhaps 800 additional titles. The printing press was a revolution comparable to the modern internet revolution. It made books for the first time cheap enough for mass production and mass purchasing, ensuring a rise in literacy, blurring dialectal vocabularies, spreading geographic and mba essay, cultural knowledge, and fueling the flames of religious reformation. PRIVATE SYMBOL : In contrast with an archetype (universal symbol), a private symbol is one that an individual artist arbitrarily assigns a personal meaning to. Nearly all members of an ethnic, religious, or linguistic group might share a cultural symbol and agree upon its meaning with little discussion, but private symbols may only be discernable in the context of one specific story or poem.

Examples of private symbols include the anthesis of soybean elaborate mythologies created by J. R. R. Tolkien in The Silmarillion (such as the One Ring as a symbol of power lust) or William Butler Yeats' use of Constantinople as a symbol to represent poetic artifice in university, Sailing to sonnets essay, Byzantium, or Yeats' use of boston questions a gyre to symbolize the cycles of history and the sphinx as an emblem of the Antichrist in The Second Coming. See also token and emblem . PROBLEM PLAY : There are two common meanings to this term. (1) The most general usage refers to any play in which the main character faces a personal, social, political, environmental, or religious problem common to his or her society at large. Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman is representative of a problem play in that Loman must face the challenges of what the author considers false values in shakespeare critical, a capitalistic society. (2) In a narrower sense, Shakespearean scholars apply the term problem play to a group of Shakespeare's plays, also called bitter comedies, especially Measure for Measure , Troilus and Cressida , and All's Well That Ends Well . These plays explore dark and ignoble aspects of human psychology without attempting to solve or resolve the plot to the reader's satisfaction beyond a superficial level. Because of the uneasy endings, the plays do not seem to follow the standard conventions of Renaissance comedy . PROCATALEPSIS (Greek anticipation): Procatalepsis is a rhetorical strategy in which the writer raises an objection and university mba essay questions, then immediately answers it; by doing so, the rhetor seeks to strengthen his argument by dealing with possible objections before his audience can raise counter-arguments. PROFANITY ACT OF 1606 : This law passed under King James I required that any profanity in a publicly performed play or in published material would result in a ten-pound fine for the performer or printer, a substantial sum.

Three of anthesis Shakespeare's quartos show signs of revision to meet the university mba essay 2011 requirement of the Profanity Act, such as omissions of obscenity, the word God changed to heaven, or Jove, etc. Contrast with the Censorship Ordinance . PROLIXITY : A type of wordiness or periphrasis characterized by unnecessary rambling or excessive detail, as Shipley puts it (429). A writer or speaker who has this tendency is said to be prolix. See dicussion under periphrasis . PROLOGUE : (1) In original Greek tragedy, the prologue was either the action or a set of introductory speeches before the first entry ( parados ) of the chorus. Here, a single actor's monologue or a dialogue between two actors would establish the help hulman play's background events. (2) In later literature, a prologue is a section of any introductory material before the first chapter or the main material of a prose work, or any such material before the first stanza of university a poetic work. PROMPTBOOK : A manuscript of a play adapted for performance by a theatrical company--usually with extra stage directions, notes on critical essay, special effects or props, and last minute revisions or corrections. In some promptbooks, the characters' names and speech prefixes are scribbled out and replaced with the names of the actors playing those roles. PROMYTHIUM : A summary of the moral of boston questions a fable appearing before the main narrative. If the summary is found at the end of the narrative, it is called an epimythium . Contrast with prologue . PRONUNCIATION SPELLING : A new spelling of an old word that more accurately reflects the anthesis current pronunciation than the original spelling does. PROPAGANDA (Latin, things that must be sent forth): In its original use, the term referred to boston university mba essay questions, a committee of cardinals the compare contrast paper Roman Catholic church founded in 1622 (the Congregatio de propaganda fide ). This group established specific educational materials to be sent with priests-in-training for foreign missions . Mba Essay Questions. The term is tips for writing a cover, today used to boston mba essay, refer to information, rumors, ideas, and artwork spread deliberately to tips for writing a cover, help or harm another specific group, movement, belief, institution, or government. The term's connotations are mostly negative.

When literature or journalism is propaganda and when it is not is hotly debated. For instance, the Roman Emperor Augustus commissioned Virgil to write The Aeneid for specific goals. Questions. He wanted Virgil to glorify Rome's greatness, instill public pride in Rome's past, and cultivate traditional Roman virtues such as loyalty to the family, the Empire, and the gods. Is this propaganda? Or patriotism? Typically, readers claim a work is propaganda when it sets forth an argument with which they personally disagree. In other cases, readers will call a work propagandistic if they can perceive that the characters or the author advances particular doctrines or principles.

Harry Shaw notes: Propaganda is attacked by compare research paper, most critics and general readers because it is an attempt to influence opinions and actions deliberately, but by this definition all education and most literature are propagandistic (220). PROPARALEPSIS (plural: proparalepses ): A type of neologism that occurs by adding an extra syllable or letters to the end of boston mba essay questions a word. For instance, Shakespeare in Hamlet creates the word climature by anthesis, adding the university mba essay questions end of the word temperature to climate (1.1.12). The wizardly windbag Glyndwr (Glendower) proclaims that he can call spirits from the vasty deep in 1 Henry IV (3.1.52). We would expect him to speak of the vast deep normally. Proparalepsis is an example of a rhetorical scheme. PROPORTIONAL : One of strong an essay several possible numbering methods in a language's grammar.

For a discussion of boston university mba essay 2011 proportionals, see multiplicatives . PROPS (abbreviation of stage properties): Handheld objects, furniture and similar items on stage apart from costumes and the stage scenery itself used to how to buy time on an overdue, provide verisimilitude , to questions, reinforce the setting , to help characterize the actors holding or wearing them, or to provide visual objects for practical, symbolic, or demonstrative purposes on overdue assignment, the stage. PROSCENIUM : An arch that frames a box set and holds the curtain, thus creating a sort of university 2011 invisible boundary through which the rose hulman audience views the on-stage action of a play. PROSE : Any material that is not written in a regular meter like poetry. Many modern genres such as short stories, novels, letters, essays, and treatises are typically written in university mba essay questions 2011, prose. PROSKENION : A raised stage constructed before the skene in strong ways an essay, classical Greek drama. The proskenion sharply divided the actors from the boston university chorus, and the elevated height made the actors more visible to the audience. PROSODIC SIGNAL : Algeo defines this as the [p]itch, stress, or rhythm as grammatical signals (327). PROSODY (1) : the anthesis of soybean mechanics of questions verse poetry--its sounds, rhythms, scansion and meter, stanzaic form, alliteration, assonance, euphony, onomatopoeia, and rhyme. (2) The study or analysis of the previously listed material. This is also called versification . PROSOPOPOEIA (Grk prosopon , face): a form of personification in which an inanimate object gains the ability to shakespeare, speak. For instance, in the Anglo-Saxon poem, The Dream of the Rood, the boston university mba essay 2011 wooden cross verbally describes the a cover letter death of boston university mba essay questions Christ from its own perspective.

Ecocritical writers might describe clearcutting from the viewpoint of the tree, and so on. See personification , above. PROSTHESIS : Adding an extra syllable or letters to how to buy time overdue assignment, the beginning of a word for poetic effect. Shakespeare writes in his sonnets, All alone, I beweep my outcast state. He could have simply written weep , but beweep matches his meter and is more poetic.

Too many students are all afrightened by the use of prosthesis. Prosthesis creates a poetic effect, turning a run-of-the-mill word into something novel. Prosthesis is an example of a rhetorical scheme. It results in a neologism . PROTAGONIST : The main character in a work, on whom the author focuses most of the narrative attention. See character . PROTO-INDO-EUROPEAN : The reconstructed ancestor of all Indo-European languages. Boston Mba Essay. Many scholars use this term interchangeably with Indo-European. Click here for more information. PROVIDENCE : The theological doctrine stating God's sovereignty--especially his omniscience--allows complete divine control over the universe in the past, present, and future. It connects closely with questions of omniscience, free will and predestination. In John Milton's Paradise Lost , Milton emphasises providence as one of his themes, depicting a universe in compare contrast research paper, which God allows complete free will, but one in which God will ultimately use providence to turn even evil choices and decisions to a greater good in boston mba essay 2011, the long run through his own mysterious means. Cf.

Augustinian time . PRYS (also spelled pris ): The French noun prys , meaning worthiness, is a cognate with the English word price. Prys was rich in to finish, connotations, appearing frequently in French chansons de geste and medieval romances . It embodies knightly worthiness on boston mba essay, a number of levels. A knight who has prys is loyal, brave, polite, courtly, proud, refined in taste, and perhaps a bit foolhardy and arrogant, quick to take anger at an insult and fast to accept a challenge or dual. Chaucer uses this term to describe the Knight in the General Prologue of The Canterbury Tales : PSYCHOLOGICAL REALISM : The sense that characters in fictional narratives have realistic interiority or complex emotional and ways, intellectual depth, including perhaps subconscious urges and fears they are not aware of. On an outward level, this realism typically involves reacting to external characters and situations in a manner consistent with the expectations of readers ( verisimilitude ). Boston University Mba Essay Questions 2011. On an sonnets, internal level, it may involve the revelation of characters' thoughts and internal meditations about themselves and boston university, others. Such internal machinations are a standard part of Elizabethan drama in help rose, the form of the soliloquy . However, psychological realism is associated most closely with the movement toward realism and naturalism in the nineteenth- and boston university mba essay questions 2011, twentieth-centuries. Homework Rose Hulman. After psychoanalysis appeared, Freudian ideas influenced many writers who sought to incorporate his theories into their own depictions of characters. Whether or not we can speak of psychological realism in literary works before the Renaissance is a thorny issue.

Medieval saint's lives ( vitae ) , chivalric romances , sagas , and most other pre-Renaissance literary texts pay little attention to psychology, rarely describing a character's internal thoughts beyond a sparse assertion that a character was angry, sad, or lonely (and that assertion often made as part of a stock formula, such as Then King Arthur fared wondrously woode.) Often ancient works are so focused on allegory to questions, the exclusion of psychology that some critics assert pre-Renaissance writers and readers had very little sense of interiority or any unique self apart from tribe, family, religious caste, occupation, or social standing. The difference is so marked that some scholars like Harold Bloom speak of the invention of the contrast research paper human in boston university questions 2011, the Renaissance. On the other hand, it is difficult to read something like The Confessions of Saint Augustine without getting a sense of a real human being intensely aware of his own psychology. Possibly, the difference is anthesis of soybean, rooted in boston 2011, conventions of strong ways to finish an essay literature rather than any actual historical change in human self-awareness, but the debate continues. PSYCHOPOMPOS (Greek, soul procession or soul carrier): A spirit-guide who leads or escorts a soul into the realm of the dead. Such a character often appears in the motif of the descent into the underworld . Examples of a psychopompos would be deities like Hermes and boston mba essay questions 2011, Charon in Greek mythology, or the characters of good tips a cover Virgil and boston university 2011, Beatrice in buy time overdue, Dante's Inferno . PULP FICTION : Mass market novels printed cheaply and intended for a general audience. The content was usually melodramatic, titillating, or thrilling. The earliest samples are the penny dreadfuls or bloods of the eighteenth century, which were followed in the nineteenth century by so-called dime novels (which were sold for ten cents). University. Examples included westerns, Horatio Alger novels, soft science fiction series, murder mysteries in serialized format, and melodramtic crime stories. The designation pulp comes from the paper quality--these novels are usually printed on the cheapest newsprint available.

PUN (also called paronomasia ): A play on shakespeare sonnets essay, two words similar in sound but different in meaning. For example, in Matthew 16:18, Christ puns in Koine Greek: Thou art Peter [ Petros ] and upon this rock [ petra ] I will build my church. Shakespeare, in Romeo and Juliet , puns upon mba essay questions 2011, Romeo's vile death ( vile = vial , the vial of good for writing a cover poison Romeo consumed). Shakespeare's poetic speaker also puns upon his first name ( Will ) and his lover's desire (her will ) in university mba essay questions, the sonnets, and John Donne puns upon his last name in Hymn to God the Father. Originally, puns were a common literary trope in serious literature, but after the how to buy time assignment eighteenth century, puns have been primarily considered a low form of humor. Questions 2011. A specific type of pun known as the equivoque involves a single phrase or word with differing meanings.

For instance, one epitaph for sonnets critical essay a bank teller reads He checked his cash, cashed in his checks, / And left his window. / Who's next? The nineteenth-century poet, Anita Owen, uses a pun to boston university mba essay questions, side-splitting effect in her verse: They tell sweet lies of homework hulman Paradise; And in those eyes the mba essay questions lovelight lies. And lies--and lies--and lies! Another type of pun is the asteismus , in tips a cover letter, which one speaker uses a word one way, but a second speaker responds using the word in a different sense. For instance, in Cymbeline (II, i), Cloten exclaims, Would he had been one of my rank! A lord retorts, To have smell'd like a fool, twisting the meaning of rank from a noun referring to university mba essay 2011, noble status to an adjective connoting a foul smell.

Yet another form of pun is the paragram , in compare contrast research paper, which the wordplay involves altering one or more letters in a word. It is often considered a low form of humor, as in boston questions, various knock-knock jokes or puns such as, What's homicidal and lives in the sea? Answer: Jack the Kipper, or in Chapter Four of C.S. Anthesis. Lewis' The Silver Chair , which is titled A Parliament of Owls (a pun on Chaucer's Parliament of Fowles ). In spite of the pun's current low reputation, some of the best writers in English have been notoriously addicted to puns: noticeably Shakespeare, Chaucer, and James Joyce. PURGATORY (Latin, purgare , to purge): Donald Logan writes: The medieval and questions 2011, Catholic doctrine of purgatory stated that Christian souls who had accepted rites of baptism and been accepted into the body of the faithful church, but who died unexpectedly with unconfessed sins or minor venial faults, would not be sent to hell, but would rather spend an indeterminate period in a spiritual place of temporal punishment.

The same temporary suffering was believed to be the fate of baptised infants who had not yet reached the anthesis age of reason where they could choose to accept Christian doctrine and make first confession. In this spiritual place, popularly called purgatory, such souls would suffer for a time as an act of penance. This would purify them so they could enter heaven. The Council of Florence (1431 AD) was the first time the church officially embraced purgatory as a doctrine, but the boston mba essay questions belief in purgatory had long been a part of church practice going back to the patristic period of the of soybean fourth century, when Epiphanius mentions the practice of praying for deceased souls in order to lessen their time in purgatory. It is clear, however, that at this early point, the issue of hell, purgatory, and the afterlife was still a matter of boston university questions 2011 dispute among proto-Christians, as theologians like Acrius denied the doctrine. The popularity of purgatorial doctrine increased, and by the tenth century, it was practically universally accepted in the church. In the Middle Ages, some heretical groups like the Albigensians, the Waldensians, and the Hussites challenged the belief, but the first serious breach with the doctrine appears in shakespeare critical, the sixteenth-century during the Protestant Reformation. At that time, Martin Luther initially considered retaining the doctrine of 2011 Purgatory in how to buy time on an overdue, the Lutheran Church, as witnessed in the Leipzig Disputation, but as the breach between Catholics and Protestants increased, political pressure to boston mba essay questions 2011, make a clean break with popishness decided the issue. The rejection of compare paper purgatory became practically universal among the boston university mba essay questions 2011 Protestant churches. John Calvin's doctrine was especially sharp in its break, and Calvinist teaching included the good tips for writing doctrine of infant damnation, in which all children who die in boston university mba essay 2011, the womb, in critical, childbirth, or during infancy were damned for boston university eternity in hell. Calvin went so far as to term the Catholic position exitiale commentum quod crucem Christi evacuat . How To On An Overdue Assignment. . . quod fidem nostram labefacit et evertit ( Institutiones , lib.

III, cap. v, 6, quoted in The Catholic Encyclopedia ). The modern Greek Orthodox church has also discontinued the purgatorial doctrine. University. Click here for a link to The Catholic Encyclopedia 's discussion of purgatory that is much more thorough than mine. The doctrine and strong ways an essay, imagery of purgatory is especially prevalent in medieval literature. University 2011. It is the focus of Marie de France's Saint Patrick's Purgatory . The Purgatorio , the second book of Dante's Divine Comedy , involves a spiritual journey through purgatory just after the poet's trip through the Inferno . C. S. Lewis explores the question of purgatory in The Great Divorce , where he attempts to have his cake and eat it too by suggesting purgatory does and does not exist simultaneously, arguing that we experience purgatory temporally and perceive it as a real thing, but in anthesis of soybean, Augustinian time , we are able to see that purgatory (and material life on university mba essay questions 2011, earth) on some level always have been heaven or hell, when we examine the afterlife sub specie aeternitatis . PURIST GRAMMAR (also called Grammatical Purism ): The belief in an absolute or unchanging standard of correct grammar. PURITAN : Most familiar to modern Americans as the help rose hulman religious denomination of the Mayflower colonists, the Puritans were a Protestant sect particularly active during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. In a positive sense, Americans associate Puritanism with the struggle for boston mba essay questions 2011 religious freedom since the Puritans colonized America to escape religious persecution; however, the idea is good tips a cover, something of a misconception since the Puritans' hope was to create an all-encompassing Puritan culture in the new colony, not to create a cosmopolitan, tolerant society open to other branches of Protestant Christianity, much less Catholicism, Judaism, or other religions. (That sort of religious tolerance comes about in American culture largely as a result of the Deism fashionable among intellectuals in questions, the eighteenth century during the writing of the sonnets essay Constitution.) In its negative sense, the word Puritan often evokes the idea of mba essay questions 2011 dour, grim, religious conformity, since Puritans stereotypically wore only black and white; they frowned upon drinking, dancing, and displays of sexuality; burned aging misfits as witches; censored literature, and homework rose hulman, closed Shakespeare's playhouses in England because of 2011 acting's immorality. Ways To Finish. These tendencies have led to mba essay questions 2011, H. L. Anthesis. Mencken's jest defining Puritanism as the haunting fear that someone, somewhere, may be happy. Puritanism forms the backdrop of The Scarlet Letter and boston questions 2011, The Crucible in American literature. Help Hulman. Shakespeare uses a Puritan named Malvolio as the party-pooping villain in Twelfth Night . See also Roundhead and Puritan Interregnum . PURITAN INTERREGNUM (Latin, inter + regnum , between reigns): The term refers to both the boston Puritan government established under Oliver Cromwell after a civil war against the British monarch and those years in which that government lasted (1649-1658). This interregnum marks the end of the English Renaissance.

It came into being after a long civil war between two political factions, the Roundheads , non-aristocrats who supported Puritan reforms, and how to buy time on an, the Cavaliers , the aristocratic courtiers loyal to the monarchy. Boston Mba Essay. Ultimately, the Stuart monarch was captured and ways, executed, and his supporters fled to the continent with the mba essay questions 2011 heir to the throne, leaving the Puritans in homework hulman, power. The Puritans called their regime the Commonwealth, and it was nominally a parliamentarian government but a de facto dictatorship under Cromwell. This government fell apart upon Cromwell's death. At that point, the boston English royal heir returned to claim the throne, leading to the Restoration . See also Puritan , above. PURPLE PATCH : A section of purple prose or writing that is too ornate or florid for the surrounding plain material, which in turn looks too tranquil or dull by the incongruity of the startling purple patch. The colorful image for this term comes from Horace's Ars Poetica 2.3.14-19, where he refers to the purpureus pannus , the purple piece of royal or princely cloth that is a colorful but irrelevant insertion into a plain-speaking work. PURPLE PROSE : Writing that seems overdone or which makes excessive use of imagery, figures of speech, poetic diction, and polysyllabication. For Writing A Cover. These artifices become so overblown that they accidentally become silly or pompous. Boston Mba Essay Questions 2011. See also purple patch . PUSHKIN PLEIAD : A group of young Russian poets, friends and contemporaries of Pushkin, who shared his general poetic outlook--including Vyazemski, Dadydov, Delvig, Yzykov, Venevitinov, and Baratynski (Harkins 323). PYRRHIC : In classical Greek or Latin poetry, this foot consists of two unaccented syllables--the opposite of a spondee . At best, a pyrrhic foot is an unusual aberration in English verse, and most prosodists (including me!) do not accept it as a foot at all because it contains no accented syllable.

Normally, the context or prevailing iambs, trochees, or spondees in tips for writing a cover, surrounding lines overwhelms any potential pyrrhic foot, and a speaker reading the foot aloud will tend artificially to stress either the first or last syllable. See meter for more information.

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Free Information Technology essays. Nowadays people tend to read articles or news directly from gadgets such as Smartphone and university mba essay questions 2011, tablets. Wea??re already seeing some changes, even with semantics. For example, you publish a book, but you launch an e-book. E-books are more similar to the Internet than to traditional books. The lengths of e-books are changing. E-books can be shorter than print books, as seen with long-form journalism and e-shorts by of soybean, Byliner, Atavist, Kobo, and Kindle Singles.

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In another words, people love to strong an essay subscribe eBooks through gadgets than visit the library to find a books. In these situation library should play a role in increasing their information about people interest in the form of books and boston questions 2011, Journals. Compare Contrast. It is because more people nowadays tend to read E-Books or E-Journals than visiting the library. Boston University Mba Essay Questions. Though e-readers are becoming more and more popular, theya??re not outdistancing print, and therea??s no indication that they will even in the future. In 2012, researcher found that of the assignment adults questioned, only boston mba essay, 5 percent of them read exclusively e-books.

People of all ages prefer print books than E-books because of anthesis many reason. It will cover the pro and cons of print books and boston mba essay questions 2011, E-books. There will be a justification made in these report. The purposes of critical essay this report are; i) To justify the boston mba essay questions statement a?˜..Libraries should provide more books rather than invest in new technology such as ebooks and e-journals. ii) The pros and cons of E-Book and E-Journals.

With the advance of phones, tablets, and ereaders, ebooks have become a popular reading standard. Still, there’s something about the assignment feel of an old-fashioned paper book. Ebooks can be read practically anywhere on anything, it really help when we in work and university questions 2011, have no time to open a book. On another hand, some researchers discovered that 62 percent of the respondents actually prefer printed books to e-books, even though theya??re technically the for writing letter technological and digital generation. i) Paper books cannot be deleted and real experience. There are few opinion that agree, library should invest more in books because books is more practical than ebooks.

One of boston mba essay 2011 them are; a??The ebook I was reading told me I was 84% finished with the book when the book ended. Buy Time On An Overdue. The remaining 16% was excerpts from the author’s other books, an boston mba essay questions, author interview, and a discussion guide. Paper books are far superior when it comes to letting you know your place in a book, and good for writing a cover letter, that’s why I prefer booka?? In these case library should give more attention to providing a books than invest in technology. Libraries should be responsible for keeping paper books as one day the internet may not exist. It is a known fact that paper books are the only reliable and safe source of information. The best way to start and finish your book is reading the book itself. One day your gadget may lost all the data because of technical problem such as virus and malware.

There is no guarantee that ebooks will kept forever in our phone. Leta??s take an example, when A format their phone or laptop the data store in it will not exist and may deleted. Boston. It will destruct the ebooks in their phone. Lending print books couldna??t be easiera?” just grab the book and ways to finish, pass it along; no set-up or hassle involved. University Mba Essay. There is good for writing a cover just something about print books that ebook cana??t compete with, the boston mba essay 2011 way the spine cracks the fist time ita??s open, the way the compare paper pages feel in boston, your hands, the critical essay rich scent of paper, the way they wear over time and gain character. People will appreciate the books when they can touch, feel and read it.

The best part it we can hold a pen and questions, write down anything that we thought about for writing a cover, every passage we read. Boston University Mba Essay. While ebooks are probably going to be around for quite a while, there is for writing a cover something really special about being able to hold something in boston university 2011, your hands that your parents, grandparents, and other family members had when they were young. Some people love to sit with their family and holding a book than holding a tablet. It is strong to finish because they will more concentrate on the book their read. Seeing a shelf full of books and topics is inspiring and mba essay questions, stimulates the compare research paper imagination. Boston. Keeping books in handphone and bookshelf is much different.

When we keep books in bookshelf we can see the books in our house or any place. If we keep the books in help, our gadgets, it was like the boston university mba essay books we read are never exist. The situation is we read and delete rather than read and keep it for our collection. It’s no secret that reading is sonnets critical good for you. Just six minutes of reading is enough to reduce stress by 68%, and university mba essay, numerous studies have shown that reading keeps your brain functioning effectively as you age. One study even found that elderly individuals who read regularly are 2.5 times less likely to develop Alzheimer’s than their peers. But not all forms of reading are created equal. ii) E-books are damaging our health. Ebooks will damaging our physical and mental health than we might think. When we read through smartphone, the how to buy time on an light from the screen may destruct our sight and lead to eyes problem.

Researchers have been examining the differences between reading regular books and e-books for years. Many of the studies have shown that reading old-fashioned books has plenty of advantages over e-books, which can be gateways to other electronic distractions, all of boston 2011 which screw with your sleep. This is homework help rose why you should ditch the screen for printed pages. Using laptops or phones late at night to mba essay 2011 read doesn’t make way for contrast paper restful sleep. Reading helps you de-stress faster or just as fast as listening to music, taking a walk, or having a cup of mba essay tea or coffee, according to a 2009 study. When researchers measured heart rate and muscle tension, they found that people relaxed just six minutes into reading. But reading on a device might cancel out this effect, and may even impact your stress levels negatively. Compare. Repeated use of mobile phones or laptops late at university night has been linked to depression, higher levels of stress, and fatigue among young adults.

Constant use of technology not only disrupts our sleeping patterns and throws off our circadian rhythms, but it fosters a shorter attention span and fractured focus a?” online, we jump from meme to meme and how to on an overdue, link to link, checking Facebook intermittently. Social media and technological distractions also always seem to foster guilt and regret, and before we know it, three hours have passed and our brains feel like mush. People nowadays love to read something with visual than directly words by boston university mba essay, words. Thata??s why people will love to check facebook than open their books in their smartphone or tablets. Reading an old-fashioned paper book might seem out of style, wasteful, or impractical. But dona??t underestimate the simplicity of holding a physical book in your hands, flipping through the pages, and not having anything else to shift your focus to. Commit to the classic paper book and you’ll get the full, healthier experience. Reading in help rose hulman, print helps with comprehension.

A 2014 study found that readers of a short mystery story on a Kindle were significantly worse at remembering the order of events than those who read the same story in paperback. Lead researcher Anne Mangen of Norway’s Stavanger University concluded that “the haptic and tactile feedback of boston university questions a Kindle does not provide the same support for mental reconstruction of a story as a print pocket book does.” iii) Survey about Prints books and E-books. Textbook makers, bookstore owners and college student surveys all say millennials still strongly prefer print for pleasure and learning, a bias that surprises reading experts given the shakespeare critical essay same groupa??s proclivity to university mba essay questions 2011 consume most other content digitally. Marlene England (Owner of anthesis of soybean a bookstores) said millennials regularly tell her they prefer print because ita??s a??easier to follow stories.a?? Pew studies show the highest print readership rates are among those ages 18 to 29, and the same age group is still using public libraries in large numbers. Mba Essay Questions 2011. Don Kilburn, North American president for Pearson, the largest publisher in the world and essay, the dominant player in education, said the move to digital a??doesna??t look like a revolution right now. It looks like an evolution, and ita??s lumpy at best.a?? And it can be seen most prominently on college campuses, where students still lug backpacks stuffed with books, even as they increasingly take notes (or check Facebook) on laptops during class. This is the boston questions 2011 report made by The Washington Post. This post shows that more people will choose prints book than E-books.

In order to justify this report, there is a survey has been conducted with 20 respondent. It will ask about which the homework help rose hulman respondent prefer in finding information. The question will cover their choices about boston 2011, prints books or E-books. Survey about an essay, Print Books Vs E-books. 1. How many Books have you read in boston mba essay 2011, the last year? a??11 or more Books. 2. Have you purchased an E-book or a print book in the last 12 months? a??Ia??ve purchased only E-books. a??Ia??ve purchased only printed books. a??Ia??ve bought both e-books and printed books. a??No Ia??havena??t purchased either.

3. Do you prefer to read E-Books or Print Books? a??Print books only. 4. Do you agree with the how to buy time on an assignment following statement: a??Library should invest more in books publication than ebooks and e journals..a?? a??Neither agree or disagree.

Result of the survey. 1. How many Books have you read in the last year? Among the 20 respondent the majority will read four to five books in a year. 2. Have you purchased an E-book or a print book in the last 12 months? These finding shows more people prefer to purchased both e-books and printed books. Printed books are more popular among the reader. 3. Do you prefer to read E-Books or Print Books?

The third questions shows that most of the respondent prefer print books than E-books. Many people wrote in their comments and had clear reasons for avoiding the screen like, a??Therea??s something about mba essay questions 2011, curling up with a good book in onea??s hands that cana??t be beata?? and a??I spend enough time on computers at work, need a breaka?? to a??I like the feel of the pagesa??. Compare Research. Seems like the smell and feel of paper, curling up on a rainy afternoon with a mug of tea is better than seeing on screen with brighting light that can distract our eyes. 4. Do you agree with the following statement: a??Library should invest more in books publication than ebooks and e journals..a?? The last questions is about the main topic that need to 2011 justify with the survey. More respondents strongly agree that library should vary and invest in print books to homework rose satisfied people needs in boston university questions 2011, reading a print books. The result show that most of them strongly agree library should invest more on prints book than E-books.

We will forget how good to hold a books in real and appreciate the writing in the print books. Library will play a main role in promoting a people to read a print books. Readers absorb less on Kindles and iPads than when they read on paper. A few years back, researcher wrote that it’s faster to read paper books than e-books, study shows. For a conclusion, it is hulman better if we invest more on printed books because many people cana??t forget the smell of the books and also the sentimental value when we hold a book than smartphones. The survey will be the evidence that print books may allow for deeper reading and stronger understanding and memory than digital books. Nostalgia, comfort and university questions, convenience seem to be big reasons in favor for good tips letter keeping the physical book alive. Another study show that sixteen to 24-year-olds are known as the university questions 2011 super-connected generation, obsessed with snapping selfies or downloading the latest mobile apps, so it comes as a surprise to learn that 62% prefer print books to ebooks. The two big reasons for preferring print are value for money and an emotional connection to physical books.

On questions of ebook pricing, 28% think that ebooks should be half their current price, while just 8% say that ebook pricing is right. Sometimes books in digital form is expensive than books in printed form. Compare. People nowadays will consider much on the value of the things they buy. It is mba essay better to buy something that we can see and hold than in virtual form. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of strong ways to finish an essay coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. University Mba Essay. Each of us is qualified to anthesis a high level in boston mba essay questions, our area of compare expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to boston mba essay 2011 your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and compare research paper, you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in boston questions, as little as 3 hours.

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