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Book Report: George Packer#8217;s American Autopsy. Farrar, Straus and essays bute, Giroux. $27.00 / The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America. by George Packer. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. $27.00 MacMillan Publishers. In his new nonfiction opus The Unwinding , author and on development to destruction, New Yorker staff writer George Packer ties together the various strands of American decline in a way that no contemporary novelist has managed. The Unwinding is an apt title, since the book unfolds at a measured pace and with great attention to the connections between apparently unrelated occurrences: deindustrialization in the Midwest is bound to Wall Street shenanigans; an energy sector too beholden to schweitzer essays the past meets an essay, information technology sector just as delusional about the future. Thus does Packer paint a picture of the competing push-and-pull forces that cause the imbalances and inequalities to which we’re becoming accustomed. The Unwinding’s compelling virtue is that it refrains from the didacticism of recent books on American decline (by Morris Berman, Chris Hedges, Matt Taibbi, Chalmers Johnson, James Howard Kunstler, et al.) and adopts instead a novelist’s open-mindedness toward ideologies in contest. Packer is skeptical enough about his own liberal political tradition to schweitzer essays give us entree into the emotional lives of his four main subjects and chart essays, their conflicting convictions. And what a cast of idiosyncratic characters Packer follows through years of disappointment and success. There’s Dean Price, descendant of North Carolina farmers and believer in Norman Vincent Peale’s philosophy of positive thinking, who comes around to the idea of sustainable energy prompted in part by worries about “peak oil.” His Red Birch Energy becomes a pioneer in producing biofuels from local waste products and holds great promise, especially as the schweitzer essays bute price of oil rises—but Price can’t catch a financial or political break. On Muslim World! There’s always some vicious fossil-fuel competitor trying to push him out of business, and the government—despite Obama’s promise to emphasize green energy, and visionary Virginia congressman Tom Perriello’s determined support—seems always behind the schweitzer essays bute curve.
Dean is left with shattered dreams, unable to scale his big idea to profitability, and we’re left to wonder if perhaps optimism itself is marketing a sickness. YOU Can Support The Texas Observer Today. and start receiving the magazine. Sign up for our weekly newsletter. Schweitzer Essays Bute! Give a friend a gift subscription. Another of Packer’s entrepreneurs—with considerably more success to his credit—is Peter Thiel, born to German immigrants in Palo Alto, California, and embodying that region’s geekiness, at times useful (as with his roles in of writing, PayPal and Facebook), at essays bute times kooky (as with his funding of life-extension projects). Thiel starts off as an Ayn Rand acolyte at Stanford, and while Packer is hardly a sympathizer, he gives Thiel’s evolving libertarianism a respectful hearing. In fact, Packer never resorts to easy demonization—even of figures like Alan Greenspan, Dick Cheney, or the head of Goldman Sachs—to explain American decline. If Packer’s protagonists share no particular ideology, they do hold in common that things don’t seem to work in America anymore. And his unwinding is more than a temporary “malaise”—to use President Carter’s infamous 1979 phrase. The booming 1980s and 1990s, in Packer’s view, were likely just temporary reprieves from a decline that began in the 1970s and evaluation, has reasserted itself in the 21st century. This part of the story is brought out most trenchantly in Packer’s sustained profile of Tammy Thomas, an African-American resident of Youngstown, Ohio, descended from slaves, whose town, like so many in the Rust Belt, has been devastated by the erosion of traditional manufacturing—steel, in Youngstown’s case.
Thomas’ grandmother, who raised her, worked as a maid for one of the town’s elite families, owners of a mill, and Thomas witnesses, within her lifetime, that family’s unraveling. Bute! With the mill’s closure, the widowed matriarch is argument essay left with only schweitzer essays bute, Thomas’ grandmother at essay on development leads her side. Thomas’ childhood memories of time spent in schweitzer essays bute, the family’s doomed mansion add a human dimension to the class schism in which she grew up. Thomas’ subsequent road to on development success is essays rocky, but with help she gets there. Despite having a child at age 15, she becomes the first in her family to pursue higher education. After years on the assembly line at Packard Electric, she finds her true vocation as a community organizer.
She turns out to have great leadership skills, and studies, fosters the skills of others. Through her story, and the story of Youngstown’s collapsing housing market and industrial economy, Packer creates a portrait of a once-vibrant city succumbing to international dynamics well beyond the frame of schweitzer essays bute individual responsibility. Chart Essays! Finally, there’s Jeff Connaughton, a bright Alabama native who becomes an admirer of Joe Biden when the articulate young senator visits Connaughton’s university advocating an essays bute, arms treaty, and who sticks close to Biden as a staffer through three decades of Washington ups and is related studies in thesis, downs. Connaughton later becomes a successful lobbyist, though whenever he can—once for Clinton, once for Obama—he returns to public service pushing financial-service reform, his particular bailiwick. Ted Kaufman, who replaced Biden when he assumed the vice presidency, tries hard to give financial regulation teeth after the economic collapse of 2008, but fails, bringing a disappointing end to Connaughton’s lifetime of political ambition. Packer’s is a sprawling story, cutting across vast differentials of schweitzer bute region and class. He unifies his disparate strands by borrowing John Dos Passos’ collage technique—called “Newsreel” in argument essay, the latter’s U.S.A. trilogy—of inserting news headlines and song lyrics into the narrative flow. Capsule biographies of celebrities Sam Walton, Oprah Winfrey, Colin Powell, Robert Rubin, and Alice Waters (an early proponent of the health-food movement in California) similarly add cohesion. These longer biographies reveal the distance between the lives of celebrities and essays bute, ordinary citizens and essay world, undermine the value liberalism places in rags-to-riches stories. Nothing makes this clearer than Packer’s tracking of the schweitzer essays bute continuing reverberations of essay to destruction Walmart’s ascendancy, responsible—along with deindustrialization—for emptying America’s main streets and eviscerating its middle class, the foundation of a functioning democracy.
But illustrative ground zero for schweitzer essays bute the destabilizing forces of two generations is Tampa, Florida, Packer’s case study in corruption. Developers connive with local government—both aided by Wall Street sharks eager to securitize lousy mortgages in pursuit of outsized profits—to bring middle-class investors to their knees. This tale has been oft-told, but Packer’s skill in deploying novelistic depth of characterization makes the studies in thesis connections between high and low—normally segregated classes—all too apparent. Along the way, Packer’s liberal convictions run up against paradox: If America buys into global connectedness, what can be done when industry moves abroad? Can we support economies of scale and still honor and enable the petite bourgeoisie? Can we maintain individualism without succumbing to tea party zealotry? There is a larger conceptual paradox still. Once the institutional forces of the global political economy are in schweitzer essays, play, what room is left for what individual initiative? Liberalism reinforces faith in entrepreneurship and activism, while Marxism sees science and schweitzer, technology—and in turn the economy—as drivers of social change.
Packer, who explored the liberal faith of his ancestors in Blood of the Liberals , is caught on the horns of this dilemma. A lot of well-meaning, even noble, characters in The Unwinding feel betrayed by chart essays, selfish elites who wear the resplendent cloak of liberalism, yet Packer is too jaded to issue calls for public-spiritedness, or cries to save the schweitzer decaying commons. He also seems to realize that his identification of the sources of American misery isn’t likely to break through the clutter of information saturation. Evaluation Argument Essay! Even the Occupy movement, prompted by spectacle, fizzled, as Packer relates in the moving story of young Brooklyn activist Neelini Stamp’s disillusionment. It may well be that liberalism has run out of ideas.
In the context of schweitzer bute Packer’s open-ended curiosity, that may not be the worst fate in the world. Houstonian Anis Shivani is evaluation argument essay definition a fiction writer, poet and critic whose books include My Tranquil War and Other Poems and essays, The Fifth Lash and Other Stories . Qualities Of Writing Good! Get the bute latest Texas Observer news, analysis and investigations via Facebook, Twitter and our weekly newsletter.
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Self Directed And Life Long Learning. The purpose of this essay is to schweitzer, explore and evaluate an aspect of teaching and learning and the following topic of; ‘self-directed/lifelong learning’ is the authors chosen subject. This essay will determine knowledge of this chosen aspect of teaching and learning, critically evaluate the concept of self directed and lifelong learning from the authors own perspective an a nurse educator. We will write a custom essay sample. on Self Directed And Life Long Learning or any similar. topic specifically for you.
The essay will also identify and personal consider challenges that arise in bute, the application of self-directed and lifelong learning, identify areas where this chosen topic will assist in bridging the theory practice gap, as well as identifying outcomes for patient/client care. What Studies In Thesis? The central question of how adults learn has occupied the attention of scholars and practitioners since the founding of adult education as a professional field of practice in the 1920’s. Some eighty years later, we have no single answer, no one theory or model of adult learning that explains all that we know about adult learners, the various contexts where learning takes place, and schweitzer essays bute the process of learning itself. What we do have is a mosaic of theories, models, sets of principles, and explanations that, combined, compose the knowledge base of adult learning. Chart Essays? Two important pieces of that mosaic are andragogy and self directed learning (Merriam, 2001).
Knowles (1980, p. 47) proposed a programme planning model for designing, implementing, and evaluating educational experiences with adults. Knowles suggested that the adult classroom climate should be one of “adultness,” both physically and psychologically. In an “adult” classroom, adults “feel accepted, respected and supported”; further, there exists “a spirit of mutuality between students and teachers as joint enquirers”. And because adults manage other aspects of their lives then they are also capable of directing, or at schweitzer essays least assisting in essay on muslim, planning their own learning. Schweitzer Essays? Knowles himself came to concur that andragogy is less a theory of adult learning than “a model of assumptions about learning or a conceptual framework that serves as a basis for an emergent theory” (1989, p. 12). This acknowledgement by Knowles resulted in andragogy being defined more by the learning situation than by the learner. Page 2 Self Directed And Life Long Learning Essay. About the same time as Knowles introduced andragogy to North American adult educators, self-directed learning appeared as another model that helped define adult learners as different from children.
Based on the pioneering work of essay on development Houle, Tough, and Knowles, early research on self-directed learning was descriptive, verifying the widespread presence of self-directed learning among adults and documenting the process as it occurred (Merriam, 2001). Houle, 1996, p. Schweitzer Essays Bute? 29) stated that what is essay on development leads significant is that andragogy has alerted educators to the fact that they “should involve learners in as many aspects of their education as possible and in the creation of a climate in which they can most fruitfully learn”. What Merriam and essays bute Caffarella (1999) term “instructional “ models of the process focus on what instructors can do in the formal classroom setting to foster self-direction and student control of learning. Historically, in relation to what is related, nursing education, the term learner-centred education did not appear frequently. This may have been attributed to the previous accepted nursing curriculum and prejudice against higher education, as evidenced by stereotyped cliches such as ‘nurses are born not made’.
Advocates of the ‘hidden curriculum’ in nursing education (Clinton 1982, Crout, 1980) extended the argument to reason that nurse educators ‘de-emphasise’ the theoretical basis of schweitzer bute nursing since they seek to train learners to chart essays, become conformist, non-critical and obedient employees. (Sweeney, 1986). However nurse training did move into higher education, a move born of a desire to increase the schweitzer bute, ‘professionalism’ of nursing. As the author is a nurse educator within the mental health service area of a district health board, and there is a specific need and desire to both explore and argument essay definition evaluate self-directed/lifelong learning from a mental health educational viewpoint. The author also trained in Scotland in the 1980’s and was trained the traditional hospital apprentice model. Therefore the concept of self-directed /lifelong learning will be explored from schweitzer, my own experiences of learning, both in a pre-registration environment and over the span of marketing personal statement my 20 year post qualifying period. Essays? In charting the development of evaluation lifelong learning as a concept and taking stock of schweitzer essays its current location in nursing, one of the prominent elements noticed has been the proliferation of documents in the 1990’s emphasizing the value and chart essays the modes of implementation of lifelong learning in general as well as in nursing (Gopee, 2001). In the UK, the government’s nursing strategy document, Making a Difference (DoH, 1999) notes that ‘Lifelong learning is more than a slogan, and access to education, training and development is no longer an schweitzer essays, aspiration for the few but a necessary part of jobs and statement careers in most sectors’. The UK nurses’ professional body the essays bute, Royal College of Nursing (1997) asserts that continuing professional development (CPD) should be seen ‘as a way of evaluation argument definition life’. Knapper and Cropley (2000) suggest that the term lifelong learning may be no more than a ‘unifying principle’ that links existing trends and tendencies in education. Schweitzer Bute? In other words lifelong learning takes a more holistic perspective, and should be a normal and realistic expectation throughout life. Certainly from the authors’ perspective, much has changed since the pre-registration days of my nurse training, whereby the chart essays, UK was on bute the precipice of moving from an institutionalised model of care to a community based model and essay definition all that this entailed.
The nature of mental health nursing delivery in the Western world, like all areas of health care, continues to undergo profound changes (Barling and schweitzer bute Brown, 2001; Ryan-Nicholls, 2003). These changes – shifting client populations, case management, changing loci of care (e. g. , from hospital to community) and competing models of essay leads care – have impacted upon the practice of mental health nursing. In addition, educational provision for mental health nurses has had to address issues of essays change in recruitment, retention, career opportunities and practice development (Happell, 2001; Hannigan 2004). Additionally in Australia and New Zealand direct entry to mental health nursing was phased out by the mid 1990s. Despite the passage of time, there remains concern that mental health nursing has not been well served by this change in educational preparation (Happell, 2008a,b). Statement? Along with the reported shortage of mental health nurses, there has also been a decline in the number of graduates choosing a career in mental health nursing (Curtis, 2007) with relatively small numbers undertaking postgraduate study in schweitzer bute, this specialist area (Happell and Gough, 2009). Unlike Australia and New Zealand, the essay on development to destruction, UK continues an undergraduate mental health nursing programme and essays bute anecdotal evidence would suggest that the problems of recruitment and retention in mental health nursing are more problematic on this side of the globe. Happell’s (2001) Australian study of essay on development leads to destruction almost 300 students showed that initially mental health was not a popular choice amongst undergraduate nursing students but, nevertheless, suggests that clinical experience in mental health settings modifies such erceptions. Educational provision beyond initial registration demonstrates the potential for, as well as the challenges, of continuing professional development for this group of essays bute nurses (Robinson and good Tingle, 2003).
One educational provision is to enhance the practice of particular mental health nursing skills. The use of particular psycho-social interventions, via such initiatives as the bute, Thorn programme, has been highlighted in caring for clients with enduring mental health problems (Gamble, 1997). The author of this essay is a strong advocate for such programmes being introduced into a New Zealand post graduate mental health nursing programme, as she herself completed this programme over argument definition, a 12 month period at the Maudsley Hospital in schweitzer essays, London. This programme recognised that whilst the UK has maintained an chart essays, undergraduate mental health nursing programme, gaps continued to remain in schweitzer essays, nursing and other disciplines in the provision of adequate care for clients with enduring mental illness and their families. The Thorn programme aimed to minimise those gaps in the UK mental health service provision by ensuring that nurses and other disciplines had the is related in thesis, necessary skills to meet those needs. As a nurse educator within the mental health services of schweitzer essays a District Health Board in New Zealand, the role includes mandatory educational responsibilities for both nursing and marketing statement allied health staff, within the bute, provider arm and non-government organisations. The role extends to providing non-mandatory education to colleagues and this includes; enduring mental illness, clinical supervision, preceptor training, to on muslim world, name but a few. Also included is involvement in bute, our New Graduate Mental Health Nursing Programme. What In Thesis? This variety within my role can and does present both opportunities and challenges when attempting to foster and encourage new learning’s, and influence change. Schweitzer Bute? The challenge therefore is acknowledging the wide ranging experience and qualifications that learners have and creating an environment in which the what studies in thesis, participants and my role support both as being joint enquirers.
Therefore whilst I believe my role as educator is not from a hierarchal model, rather one based on being learner centred and inclusive, I am also aware that at times my style of teaching can be more of a didactic model, however I encourage class participants to schweitzer, also share their own learning’s and experiences. I do however find myself wanting to impart as much knowledge as I can, and in thesis I believe some of this is fuelled by my own training and experiences and schweitzer essays bute my on-going concerns that New Zealand does not have an ndergraduate mental health nursing programme. Having reviewed the many studies by Brenda Happell on marketing the similar Australian comprehensive undergraduate nursing programme and schweitzer bute the recruitment and retention issues within mental health nursing, I find myself concerned, especially for the future of mental health nursing and the ability to what studies in thesis, attract and retain our mental health colleagues. This however may serve to promote a more didactic teaching style and schweitzer bute this is is related one of the challenges for me to remedy as a nurse educator. The educator role also includes our regular work-force, both registered and unregistered staff, therefore another challenge is to schweitzer bute, both promote and maintain good clinical understanding of mental health issues that impact our client group and their families, and keeping staff abreast of changes and national strategies and directives.
Another challenge is that some attendees at mandatory training and continual professional development training are not there through choice, but rather because their managers have told them to attend and/or they require additional educational and professional development hours for essay, their annual registration. A UK study by Gould et al. Essays? , (2007) on nurses’ experiences of continual professional development (CPD), five main themes emerged from the data: Who and what is CPD for? Accessing CPD; One size does not fit all; Managing work, life and doing CPD; and Making the best of CPD. The respondents in this research thought that CPD played an important role in enhancing service provision and maintaining safety for patients and nurses, and made links between CPD and clinical governance as well as bridging the theory practice gap. The importance of maintaining skills, remaining professionally updated and CPD was also considered to play a key role in both career and good essay personal development. Schweitzer? A fewer number of respondents expressed a view that ‘nursing had lost its way’ by becoming overly academic. They called for a return to of writing, traditional values, when much greater importance was placed on clinical experience. Schweitzer Bute? On the subject of managing work, life and what is related CPD, some respondents complained of the expectation that they would invest personal time in CPD intended to primarily improve service delivery. This resulted in considerable resentment, especially when individuals were already feeling the effects of heavy clinical workloads, poor staffing and the rapid pace of essays change within the health system.
Many of the opinions expressed corroborate the findings of other studies. Poor staffing levels and essay the absence of colleagues to provide ‘backfill’ was the same problem as in earlier reports (Shields, 2002) and as in the study by Gould et al. , 2004b, there was a feeling from essays, some respondents’ that longer courses with academic emphasis were being promoted at the expense of marketing statement those intended primarily to attain competency in clinical skills. From the authors own experience both as a clinician and essays bute as an educator, I would concur with the study findings and therefore, ongoing evaluation of my role and the content of the education being delivered, and how it is delivered is of paramount importance. One of the marketing personal, main objectives of the educator role is to identify the theory practice gap and how this can be reduced, in schweitzer bute, order to enhance the clinical outcomes for what is related studies, our clients and families, as well as creating job satisfaction, confidence and competence within our staff who deliver our mental health services. In general terms, the theory- practice gap can be defined as the discrepancy between what student nurses are taught in a classroom setting – the theoretical aspects of nursing – and what they experience on clinical placement – the practice of nursing (Jones, 1997).
In the schweitzer essays, late 1980s, as a result of recommendations made in Project 2000’ (UKCC, 1986), nurse education in the UK moved from hospital-based schools of nursing into universities. Exposure of nursing students to the research-based education of universities was perceived as a way of fostering critical, analytical practitioners, capable of applying research to practice. However, there is contention that degree programmes focus on theory and research to the detriment of practice experience. Thus graduate nurses are accused of lack of competence when they first qualify (Roberts and Johnson, 2009). This is an accusation seldom if ever targeted at any of the chart essays, other graduate professions within healthcare. Bute? For nurse education then, it is crucial that graduate programmes combine theoretical and evaluation argument essay definition practical learning and develop strategies to ensure that the schweitzer, competency of newly qualified nurses is assured (Taylor et al. , 2010). However changes to competence assessment in nursing have not been without its critics. Following a systematic review of the literature, Watson et al. , (2002) argued that there was no evidence to support the use of competency-based nurse education. Moreover, they asserted that while not wrong in itself, competence driven nurse education may be misguided because it encapsulates an ‘anti-education’ mentality’.
Such is the complexity of competence assessment, that not even involvement of mentors in the process is unproblematic. Mosely and Davies (2008) reported that mentors often struggle with the cognitive demands of the role. Moreover, there are a number of organisational and chart essays contextual constraints that make assessment difficult. Lack of time is identified as a major constraint (Myall et al. , 2008; Wilkes, 2006). The problem is compounded by increased student numbers that impinge on placement provision and put mentors under pressure (Murray and Williamson, 2009). Schweitzer Bute? Additionally, there is lack of recognition for mentors (Bray and Nettleton, 2007; Kilcullen, 2007) and the inherent role confusion inherent in simultaneously acting as mentor and personal statement assessor (Bray and Nettleton, 2007; Wilkes, 2006). A UK study conducted by Corlett (2000), attempted to explore and identify the perceptions of nurse teachers, student nurses and preceptors of the theory-practice gap in nurse education.
This study identified that without exception, interviewees felt a theory-practice gap does exist, with students saying it was huge, whilst teachers thought it was probably fairly narrow. Some teachers felt the gap was a beneficial phenomenon, encouraging students to develop problem-based learning and reflective skills to overcome the gap. Students viewed the differences as frustrating and gave more credence to what they saw and learned on placement. Whilst the study identified that preceptors played an important role in helping students relate theory to practice, interviewees felt there was little time to facilitate this process due to the shortness of placements – a finding supported by several other studies (Richards, 1993, White Riley, 1993, Philips et al. 1996). Several studies have also identified that nurse teachers are seen to schweitzer bute, teach an idealized version of nursing, which often did not fit with the realities of practice. Nurse teachers’ credibility is also lessened when students report what they had seen in the clinical area was different to what they had been taught.
Sequencing theory and practice appears particularly worrying for students with the academic model and the role of nurse educators being far removed from reality, therefore a collaborative relationship between nurse educators, students and preceptors appears to be a potential way forward. Within the mental health services it is hoped that the nurse educator role, whilst based within the hospital setting, allows for some of the theory practice gap to be addressed and reduced, and that our staff who support and preceptor our students and of writing good newer staff also feel supported. In a study conducted by Hallin and Danielson (2010), preceptors who are supported and schweitzer essays informed of the university’s expectations of what nursing students ought to achieve and how they should perform are significantly more likely to report and manage students with insufficiencies. However reasons given as to qualities good, why nursing students with difficulties pass clinical education are primarily RNs’ feelings of guilt, lack of preceptor experience, insufficient time to bute, observe the student, but also feelings of pity for students (Luhanga et al. , 2008b). Critical decisions on evaluation argument student performance are easier to handle when guidance and bute teacher support are insured, the structured three-way (tripartite) meetings between teacher, student and personal preceptor described in Hallin and Danielson (2010) model would improve evaluation quality. There is therefore no doubt that there is world a need for improved communication, information sharing and collaboration between the tertiary institutions and essays bute clinical areas, this would enhance the is related studies in thesis, integration of theory to clinical practice for nursing students , whilst supporting the bute, preceptor in the understanding of the qualities of writing essay, nursing programme. Other studies report that with high staff turnover and retention issues concerning RNs, lack of time and opportunity to be supported to take a preceptor-preparation course and bute other educational opportunities to increase RNs own knowledge, high student numbers and evaluation preceptors not being given adequate time and resources to spend with students, could increase RNs resentments of schweitzer bute feeling overworked and therefore less eager to work with students. Essay? Undoubtedly, efforts must be made that ensure being a preceptor is considered an honour and results in benefits and rewards (Hyrkas and Shoemaker, 2007). In the role as a nurse educator within the District Health Board, preceptors attend a two day training course and there is ongoing education for schweitzer bute, them to access within our mental health training programme, it is chart essays hoped that this therefore minimises some of the negative impacts the research has found. As previously discussed, self-directed/lifelong learning is very much a part of essays being in the health and specifically the nursing profession, the chart essays, authors own experience is that to keep abreast of bute our ever changing health system and how we deliver care now and in chart essays, the future, nurses have to accept that this is a necessary part of our roles.
There are many advantages to lifelong learning, including enhancement of knowledge of skills, promoting the best quality health services that we can deliver and ultimately improving outcomes for the people we deliver our services to. Life long learning within nursing also gives us the opportunity to bridge the transition from schweitzer essays bute, initial training to continuing education, especially important in health and essay from the author’s perspective in mental health. In the past 20 + years, we have moved to having hospital based care, to community care, this has had a profound impact for both clients and families within the mental health services. Whilst we acknowledge this has been an advantaged way of delivering care for those clients, it has also meant a huge reliance on families becoming care-givers, therefore to up skill our families; we must understand and up skill ourselves. Our society continues to evolve, just as how we deliver healthcare services continues to evolve, therefore the challenge may not only schweitzer bute, be the concept of self-directed/ life long learning, but how we ensure that we have robust supports and marketing services in place to meet the needs of our health profession and the needs of nursing, both now and in the future.
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It’s the content of your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. We invite you to chart essays, scroll back to essays bute, the top and choose from argument, one of our many resume libraries, and essays, start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. Argument Essay Definition! If you are a recent college grad, then it is bute acceptable to include on your resume.
Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on evaluation argument essay definition the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. Schweitzer Essays! With regards to your military experience, check out on muslim world, our military to schweitzer essays bute, civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the evaluation, templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Best of luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to essays bute, three years each. Is Related In Thesis! The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications.
Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for schweitzer essays, trainer and marketing personal statement, coach.. Schweitzer Essays! can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and marketing statement, during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on schweitzer essays my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and studies in thesis, the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct.
Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the essays, ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school!
As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the argument definition, internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in KSA.
I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Schweitzer Essays! Since I’m from the is related studies, medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and schweitzer, summary, interpreter and argument, my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template. Essays! Good luck! Hello. Which is good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to chart essays, highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in schweitzer education?
Check out chart essays, our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the essays bute, ‘Freeman’ template. Of Writing Good Essay! Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for schweitzer essays, a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University?
Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to is related in thesis, do. Schweitzer Essays! Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Chart Essays! Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template.
Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the essays bute, last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to get back into essay on development to destruction, the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Bute! Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for definition, a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for schweitzer essays, the fourth quarter this year.
I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and studies in thesis, I was hoping you could help me out bute, with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and chart essays, click the essays, download link for the template pack of chart essays, your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further!
Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to bute, best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by marketing professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for.
Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an schweitzer essays aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to on muslim world, get back into accounting after that many years outside of the schweitzer bute, field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over evaluation essay definition the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Good luck on schweitzer essays the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the of writing, trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair!
Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the marketing, quality of schweitzer essays, a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. What Is Related! Put your skills to the test, and learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown.
There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to schweitzer essays bute, Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to essay, make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and.
Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easily export to MS Word and PDF.
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4 Tips To Keep In Mind When Organizing Your Resume. Essays. #1 Thing Recruiters Want You To Know About Getting A Job AppDynamics. How To Land A Job At Northside Hospital. 3 Tips For Getting A Job At Medidata Solutions. The Secret To Networking When You Don#039;t Have Any Time. 3 Ways Emotionally Intelligent Leaders Make The Most Of Online Collaboration. There has been and most likely will always be discussions over chart essays the “best” format for resumes. While there’s no debate over the need to ensure your resume is free from spelling and grammatical errors, the debate over several key areas remains. But parts of the debate actually focus on what’s commonly seen in resumes, not what the majority of career coaches recommended.
Here are four areas where I believe this is schweitzer, important. Marketing Personal. The majority of resumes that I receive for schweitzer, review still contain descriptions of “typical” job duties, not accomplishments. Argument Definition. The lists are often long, attempting to cover every – boring – basic duty performed without any real sense of accomplishment. Essays Bute. And typically these lists don’t even get close to describing the results of the work. Occasionally, a resume will contain something like “Improved customer service training program.” That might be a good start, but if it was a true accomplishment, it would state how it was done and what the result was – at essay leads, a minimum. “Improved customer service training program, by essays implementing experiential learning and a custom developed simulation, that increased customer satisfaction index by 30%.” What’s interesting about a good accomplishment statement is that as an interviewer, I want to know more about this. You’ve prompted me to interview you about essay world something you are very likely eager to essays bute, talk about. Each of your accomplishment bullet points should spark interest and curiosity. Chart Essays. While, in 95% of cases, your resume needs to schweitzer bute, be organized chronologically, the bullet points for each of personal, your positions should recognize a couple of essays bute, key points.
First impressions can be examined in a cyclical process. Qualities Good Essay. For each of your positions, a recruiter may react to schweitzer, the first bullet point you list in a different way than the second or third. There’s a key point right there as well. Your resume is not a laundry list of chart essays, everything you’ve done in a position. I’ve consistently recommended 3-4 solid, accomplishment-based bullet points, not 8-9 short statements that don’t say much. Schweitzer Essays Bute. There’s a lot of truth to the Latin phrase “Omne trium perfectum” – “All things perfect come in threes.” But beyond that, the first thing listed should be the accomplishment you want a recruiter to read first. Remember, many recruiters or hiring managers are quickly scanning your resume – not studying it to see if some valuable secret is hidden in statement, the third bullet. Schweitzer Bute. There is still an ongoing debate over objective versus summary statements. The objective statement was overwhelming dismissed several years ago because the majority of objective statements were meaningless generalizations included in a resume that was printed in on development to destruction, volume to be “snail-mailed” in response to classified ads. Schweitzer Bute. Today the objective statement can feature the specificity and customization tied to a particular job you’re considering – the value that historically was relegated to a cover letter.
Yes, it takes work, but every resume sent out can be customized to essay world, fit a particular application. To some extent, your LinkedIn profile or a personal website can be similarly customized – with a few limitations. You cannot change your LinkedIn summary to reflect each individual connection you may be trying to make. But if you’re working on applying for jobs in a particular industry or with a particular strength, you can focus your online objective statement to fit that area. I’ve also seen several resumes lately, including some that I know have been very helpful in getting someone employed after an unexpected career change or a military transition, where a good summary statement has received positive feedback from recruiters or hiring managers. These summary statements focused on schweitzer bute, accomplishments and strengths. Of Writing. They did not focus on schweitzer bute, generic statements of duties and skills.
The debate over objective statements versus summary statements is likely to continue. The key may be simple in concept but is difficult to essay, implement: make the statement strong and interesting generating that curiosity mentioned above. A few months ago I saw a piece of career advice that suggested putting “References available upon request” at the bottom of a resume was a “waste of space.” I instantly agree with that advice. At the same time, just a couple weeks ago, I received a resume from a colleague that contained an entire page of references. In today’s world, often with organizations trying to make decisions quickly, your references need to schweitzer, be both relevant and timely. What Is Related In Thesis. If I’m interviewing, I want two or three references from you TODAY – and I want them to be aware of the fact that I’m contacting them with your permission. Alternatively, many organizations completely ignore any references you might provide and schweitzer essays bute, submit your name for a more formal background check.
The bottom line is qualities essay, that I know I can get references from you – you don’t need to tell me that as the “footer” to schweitzer essays, your resume. The value of LinkedIn “endorsements” is essay on muslim, also notable here because they are a very different form of a reference. Of course, they can be driven by friends and bute, relatives, but they can also be driven by a high volume of colleagues, bosses, and clients. Argument. They can be presented in schweitzer essays, a priority order and edited to the extent that you can discard the two endorsements you got for a skill you don’t want to present as a strength. Good. This post was originally published at an earlier date.
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essay writing on t v How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for schweitzer essays each of the essay world types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an essays effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear?
W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and good essay, enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to essays discover that writing an essay world essay is never going to be an easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Essays Bute. Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an personal English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that.
In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. Bute. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. In Thesis. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from bute you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of evaluation argument, your response to the essay question. This is schweitzer, a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated.
Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to on muslim have support (E) from the bute text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the studies text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of schweitzer essays bute, a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and of writing, well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to bute the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the marketing statement text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of schweitzer essays bute, useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of essay on muslim world, Mercutio and essays bute, Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on essay to explain and support to show that it is a view that is bute, well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about chart essays opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to essays bute take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. Evaluation. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way.
How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and schweitzer essays, its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the what is related text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). Schweitzer Essays. This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the of writing good essay bulk of the essay. It is a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and schweitzer essays bute, wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in chart essays a different form, your opening argument and essays, give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the essay to destruction wider implications and relevance of what you have found.
It will help to think back to essays bute the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to qualities essay your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to essays support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to essay on development be followed by an analysis and essays bute, comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. World. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and schweitzer, why the aspect of the what text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the essays language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an personal statement effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and schweitzer essays, its themes (e.g. Essay Leads To Destruction. 'the effect of essays, this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. Marketing Personal. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. Essays. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to on muslim begin exploring the schweitzer essays bute overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No.
1! Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on marketing personal the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of essays, a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of good essay, view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of schweitzer essays bute, your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an essay definition argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to essays the essay title or question.
Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of essay, your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the schweitzer essays bute paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is statement, called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and essays bute, support how the theme of ambition is world, shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and essays bute, ideas for writing an what in thesis effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the bute text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and chart essays, the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is schweitzer essays bute, presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and what, 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste':
Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on schweitzer bute which the essay is based. This is to take the what is related in thesis road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. Schweitzer Essays Bute. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand.
Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. Essay On Muslim World. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to bute focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the meaning of the good essay text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an bute effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in essay on development each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph.
Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in essays them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for what example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the schweitzer essays text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to essay on development to destruction the whole , i.e. the way it helps the schweitzer essays writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to is related discuss aspects of the essays bute quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is evaluation essay definition, your attempt to argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on essays bute an interpretation of world, whatever aspect of the text is bute, asked in the essay question. Of Writing. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at schweitzer essays, different levels ; it is your interpretation of the marketing personal text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed.
Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at schweitzer essays bute, the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and chart essays, what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the essays ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in of writing good the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the bute text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an is related in thesis overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is schweitzer, always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text.
Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and essay, - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and bute, literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the context.
TIP: avoid making simplistic and argument, irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Essays. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is qualities of writing good, no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the essays 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for essay to destruction this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is bute, to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of evaluation argument essay, quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to schweitzer essays bute form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to essay to destruction make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by schweitzer leading the chart essays reader towards an overall understanding of the bute themes, messages or purposes of the text;
CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to argument develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and essays, aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the marketing POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to schweitzer open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by qualities of writing good referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to schweitzer essays follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the essay world effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the bute EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to end.
Avoid starting your essay by marketing discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the schweitzer end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to marketing personal an essay is schweitzer, important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Qualities Of Writing Good. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. Schweitzer Bute. End by qualities identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to bute sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all.
ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of of writing, how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of schweitzer, what could and what in thesis, should be - fairness and dignity. Schweitzer Essays Bute. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene.
It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about chart essays a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the schweitzer essays bute meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and leads, effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and bute, use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and essay on muslim world, interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in schweitzer bute sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example).
The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the marketing statement use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in schweitzer essays non-fiction texts, the inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the studies use of form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . Schweitzer. This allows the poet to qualities of writing essay exaggerate a particular word by essays placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of on development, form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on.
A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the schweitzer bute 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and stage action. This includes not just what the argument essay definition actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on schweitzer - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto personal, your essay. Form is essays, always worthy of comment when (but only qualities essay, when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and schweitzer bute, phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the personal statement coming on of a storm'. This is schweitzer essays bute, a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Chart Essays. Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and essays, feeling ). The most common way this is what studies, done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the schweitzer essays bute coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind.
In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of evaluation argument, meaning. Schweitzer Essays. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of of writing good, irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of schweitzer bute, language. But irony can also be difficult to chart essays recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in schweitzer essays bute a text . Irony works because when it is evaluation argument essay definition, recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text.
This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and facial expression or body language of the essays bute speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in essay on development to destruction an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. Schweitzer Essays. This story of poor young lovers ends with the in thesis boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of essays bute, her long hair cut off to sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in personal an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to schweitzer essays achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable.
John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is essay world, sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the schweitzer essays bute stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to qualities good essay create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of schweitzer bute, a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and what studies, forget to essays bute compare and contrast the chart essays texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and schweitzer essays, contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay leads to destruction, essay. When writing about bute more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts:
1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the on muslim second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the schweitzer most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to support the world points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to schweitzer bute the point. This second method is the more complex and argument essay definition, sophisticated of the two.